Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Melitopol

Ukraine, Melitopol
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  

"Melitopol" (, translit. "Melitopol’", ) is a city in the "Oblast" means "province" of the southeastern Ukraine. It is situated on the Molochna"Milky" River that flows through the eastern edge of the city and into the Molochnyi Liman, which eventually joins the Sea of Azov. The city was formerly named "Kyzyl-Yar" until 1816, and "Novoalexandrovka" until 1842. Serving as the administrative center of the Melitopolskyi Raion,"Raion" means "district" the city itself is directly subordinate to the oblast center. The estimated population is around 158,700.The data from Melitopol"s official site - Generally, the Russian language is spoken in the city.

Melitopol is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Comnission "Intercultural cities" programme.

istor
In ancient times, there was a small Noghai aul of Kyzyl-Yar where the modern Melitopol is settled. In July 1769, Russian military commanders built a redoubt there, and Zaporizhia Cossacks carried out their duty service there. On February 2, 1784, Ekaterina II issued the decree to create the Taurian Province on the lands that had been won back. The deputy of Novorossiya His Highness Prince Potemkin signed the relation to establish a town that very year - and Cossacks" families and those of retired soldiers of Suvorov settled on the right bank of the Molochna River. In 1816, the settlement got the name "sloboda" "of Novoalexandrovka". Its population was increasing due to the importation of peasants from the northern provinces of the Ukraine and Russia. On January 7, 1842, the sloboda was recognized as a town and received the new name of Melitopol after a port city of Melita (from Greek "Μέλι" (meli) - "honey") which had been situated on the mouth of the Molochna River. At the end of the XIX century, the "Honey-city"i.e. "Meli"to"pol", this is how Melitopol sometimes is referred in the local mass-media had been developed as a trade center - there were some banks, credit organizations and wholesale stores. The largest enterprises in the city at the time were the iron foundry and the Brothers Klassen"s machinery construction factory (1886), the railroad depot and the workshops.

elitopol in World War I
In 1941, the Soviet Union was attacked by Nazi Germany. The city became strategically important due to its location. The Red Army was not ready for the war and had to retreat. The Nazis occupied Melitopol on October 6, 1941.

ccupation and nutrition issue

This newspaper article is used as the only source for this subsection. It cites the public archive information.

The Germans kept centralized supplement. The Soviet "Mezhraybaza sel"khozsnaba i himsnaba" () of Melitopol still ran. In fact, a variety of agriculture items were stored at the base, including fertilizers, pesticides, tools, spare parts for reaping machines and binders, etc. It supported the running enterprises of Melitopol and surrounding settlements with goods. Since the Soviet monetary system remained, the enterprises paid the Soviet rubles and kopecks, not the German marks. Also, no one of the enterprises was renamed, including the "Kaganovich" artel, the collective farm of "the Red Cossacks", the artel of "Lenin"s Way". However, the Germans were not tolerant to the Soviet order. The amount of German language documents began to increase and interpreters became strongly required. Most of the people who were ready to collaborate with the Germans were not competent enough in their language. Taking account of this fact, the German commanders submitted bilingualism:



Selling, buying and killing the cattle and the poultry were strictly forbidden; they were severely controlled to be sent to Germany. The meat, milk and eggs were used to feed the soldiers. Notwithstanding the general prohibition, the population might kill animals by special permission.



Another way was to introduce a new holiday, to make people celebrate and eat together.



Celebrations, which were not introduced by the Nazi, were not welcome. Feasts, plays and especially dances were prohibited until the war would be over. The punishment for infringement of the prohibition was a fine and an arrest.

esistanc
he Wotan Line Battl
attles for the cit
] The accident later occurred several more times because the arms had been already damaged by the very first fire and become untransportable. After the accidents officials stated that it was necessary to disarm the depots and that the only measure available to do so was to carry out controlled explosions on a regular basis.citation needed
However, the controlled explosions took several lives too. , the depots have been almost completely disarmed, - ("The Mynestry of emergencies" pyrotechnicians have almost completed the work on destroying the missiles and shells in the 275th munition base in Novobogdanovka. Now, it has some kind of lunar landscape. From 2004 to 2006, the deadly rests were removed from all the territories estimated at 145 hectare, the newspaper of "Segodnya" reports.")

herr
A symbol of Melitopol is "Chereshnya Melitopolskaya",translated "Melitopol Cherry" a type of Wild Cherry for which the city is known.

own twinnin
Melitopol is currently twinned with:
* "Brive-la-Gaillarde", France

ducatio
In 1874, a technical school was founded in the city, which, after a series of reforms and transformations, became Taurian State Agrotechnological Academy.
The city now has two universities − the Taurian State Agrotechnological Academy official site and the Melitopol State Pedagogical University. official site

ransportatio
*Melitopol has a railroad station that serves as the transit point for passengers going from Moscow to the Crimea and back. The city is also called the "gateway to the Crimea".

*The city"s cantonment has an aerodrome, which is not used for passenger service. There is present a park of "Il-76" (, ) transport planes.

*The city has two bus stations: the more new intercity station and the old station of local buses. Two highways lead through Melitopol: The M14 Odesa-Novoazovsk Highway and the M26 Kharkiv-Simferopol National Highway.

*The marshrutkas are the sole kind of the city"s public transport. They run 34 routes. They work from 5:00 a.m. till 12:30 a.m. (from 05:30 till 00:30). Formerly, in the days of existing the USSR, there were buses of Ikarus, LiAZ, LAZ, PAZ running around 15 routes.

*The common length of the roads of Melitopol is 333 km, 70% of them do not meet the basic requirements.

ndustr
There is a well-developed, internationally important engine-constructing industry. There are also food, light, and construction materials industries.

ative bor
* Dmytro Dontsov - influenced the establishement of OUN
* Pavlo Sudoplatov - lieutenant-general of KGB, killed Yevhen Konovalets

External links
*
*
*
* from Encyclopedia Britannica.

eference




Category:Cities in Ukraine
Category:
Category:Settlements established in 1784

bg:Мелитопол
cs:Melitopol
de:Melitopol
et:Melitopol
es:Melitopol
eo:Melitopolo
fr:Melitopol
ko:멜리토폴
it:Melitopol"
lt:Melitopolis
nl:Melitopol
pl:Melitopol
ro:Melitopol
ru:Мелитополь
sk:Melitopoľ
fi:Melitopol
uk:Мелітополь
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 24.10.2020 10:15 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"Kiew" may refer to:* The German spelling of Kiev* KiEw (band), a German band* An alternate spelling of the name of Somdet Kiaw, the Acting Supreme Patriarch of Thailand
Category:Cities in UkraineCategory:Coastal settlements in UkraineCategory:Ukrainian NavyCategory:Jewish Ukrainian historyCategory:Port cities and towns in UkraineCategory: of the Soviet UnionCategory:Russian and Soviet Navy basesCategory:Black
Category:Cities in UkraineCategory:Coastal settlements in UkraineCategory:Ukrainian NavyCategory:Jewish Ukrainian historyCategory:Port cities and towns in UkraineCategory: of the Soviet UnionCategory:Russian and Soviet Navy basesCategory:Black
Category:Cities in UkraineCategory:Coastal settlements in UkraineCategory:Ukrainian NavyCategory:Jewish Ukrainian historyCategory:Port cities and towns in UkraineCategory: of the Soviet UnionCategory:Russian and Soviet Navy basesCategory:Black
|population_note = |population_total = 492,452|population_footnotes =|population_metro = 519,000|population_density_km2 = 2058|pushpin_map =Ukraine|pushpin_label_position = |pushpin_map_caption =Location of Mariupol|pushpin_mapsize
|population_note = |population_total = 492,452|population_footnotes =|population_metro = 519,000|population_density_km2 = 2058|pushpin_map =Ukraine|pushpin_label_position = |pushpin_map_caption =Location of Mariupol|pushpin_mapsize
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
There comes a time in everyone’s life when they have to address the age-old question: “What do you want to be when you grow up?” As a child, it’s easy to pick all the awesome jobs such as the president, an astronaut, or a rock star. However,
Jan Tombinski, Head of the EU delegation to Ukraine, expressed full support to the new Ukrainian government and stated that the country and the new government are facing a multiplied crisis which is why it is vital, among other things, to ensure
Hosts Brazil escaped Chile 3-2 on a penalty shoot-out to reach the World Cup quarter-finals Saturday, thanks to two saves from Julio Cesar, the goalpost and successful spot kicks from David Luiz, Marcelo and Neymar. Belo Horinzonte, Brazil (dpa) -
Germany became the first team in the history of the World Cup to reach four consecutive semi-finals with a 1-0 victory over France Friday and the media praised the men who achieved the feat. Berlin (dpa) - "Adieu, les Bleus!" screamed
Defenders Thiago Silva and David Luiz were both on target Friday in Fortaleza, where Brazil defeated Colombia 2-1 to book a place against Germany in the World Cup's semi-finals. Fortaleza, Brazil (dpa) - James Rodriguez pulled one back for Colombia
Germany dealt shell-shocked Brazil a remarkable 7-1 thrashing Tuesday to advance to the World Cup final, in a match that quickly turned into a nightmare for the host nation. Belo Horizonte, Brazil (dpa) - Thomas Mueller struck 11 minutes into the
Wetter

Kiew


(24.10.2020 10:15)

-12 / -3 °C


25.10.2020
-12 / -6 °C
26.10.2020
-11 / -7 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum