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Meilen

Switzerland, Meilen
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Meilen

"Meilen" is a municipality in the district of Meilen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

History
Meilen church and ferry ship to Horgen
Archaeological findings in Meilen date back more than 4,000 years. In January 1854 the level of lake Zürich was particularly low and the locals took the chance to gain some land. During this undertaking prehistoric findings were unearthed providing clear evidence of early settlement.

The locals also unearthed coins from Roman times (1st to 3rd century AD). One of the Roman roads connected "Turicum" (Zürich) with places up to "Chur" and passed Meilen. Many findings were discovered during more recent road building.

Parts of Meilen were possessions of monasteries, including the monastery of "St. Gallen", the ones of "Einsiedeln" and "Säckingen", or the more local "Grossmünster" of Zürich. Meilen is first mentioned between 820-880 as "Meilana".. It is guessed that this goes back to a gallic name "Mediolanum".

The coats of arms shows two castle towers which represent the castle of "Friedberg", the local castle. The castle was built around 1200 but extended in the 14th century. Some remains are still visible, including the fountain which reaches down 29 metres. Winegrowing in Meilen dates back for centuries.

In 1384 Meilen became a bailiwick of Zürich. Thanks to the reeve Meilen enjoyed relative autonomy until 1798. Since the Middle Ages local trade and handicraft was established in Meilen. There were at least four mills to support the local agriculture. Towards the end of the 18th century, industrialisation arrived in Meilen in form of textiles, but this form of production disappeared in the 19th century. With the arrival of the railway in 1894 local trade and industry blossomed. The ferry to Horgen was opened in 1933.

eograph
Meilen at Lake Zürich
Meilen has an area of . Of this area, 46.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 27.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). housing and buildings made up 21.4% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (5.8%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.2% of the area. 26.5% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.

It is located on the north bank of the lake of Zürich. Meilen is located about halfway between Zürich and Rapperswil. Meilen is connected to "Horgen" across the lake by ferry. In the local dialect it is called "Meile".

The town is divided into four districts ("Wachten"), namely "Feldmeilen", "Dorfmeilen" and "Obermeilen" along the lake side, as well as "Bergmeilen" towards the Mt. Pfannenstiel. The districts used to be more autonomous, but today the division is only used for schooling purposes.

emographic
Meilen has a population () of 12,109, of which 16.5% are foreign nationals. the gender distribution of the population was 47.6% male and 52.4% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 12.2%. Most of the population () speaks German (87.6%), with Italian being second most common ( 2.4%) and English being third ( 1.7%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 34.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (23.1%), the SPS (15.2%) and the CSP (10%).

The age distribution of the population () is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 18.9% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 63% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 18.1%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Meilen about 83.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a "Fachhochschule"). There are 5315 households in Meilen.

Meilen has an unemployment rate of 2.06%. , there were 151 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 41 businesses involved in this sector. 1514 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 93 businesses in this sector. 3418 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 482 businesses in this sector. accessed 10-Aug-2009 43% of the working population were employed full-time, and 57% were employed part-time. accessed 4 August 2009

there were 3217 Catholics and 5337 Protestants in Meilen. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the , 49.9% were some type of Protestant, with 47.9% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2% belonging to other Protestant churches. 26.5% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 3% were Muslim, 5.3% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3% did not give a religion, and 14.7% were atheist or agnostic.

The historical population is given in the following table:


Sightseeing
Meilen church and wine yards
The Protestant church is located at the lake side and dominates the pictures of the town from the lake. The church"s history dates back to a chapel of the 7th century. The current church was built in 1493.

The oldest tavern in Meilen is the "Löwen" (Lion). The tavern is still in use, but since 1958 owned by the municipality. The main hall is now used for political and cultural events.

The inn "zur Burg" located at "Friedberg" (or locally known as "Burg") was built in 1676. It is an attractive building with many carved ornaments.

There are also a number of mansions, including the "Seehof", "Seehalde" and "Grüene Hof". The "Seehof" mansion was built in 1767-1769 and originally home to the successful textile producer Felix Oeri-Lavater. The mansion "Seehalde" was built when trade in wine was at its best: the 16th century. The "Grüene Hof" mansion is located in "Feldmeilen". It was build between 1682 and 1684.

Transportation
Meilen is serviced by the S6, S7 and SN7 lines of the Zürich S-Bahn. In the evenings, it is a terminal station of the S16 line in alternation to Herrliberg-Feldmeilen. Meilen is also a significant station for regional bus lines.

In the summer there are regular boats along the lake to Zurich and Rapperswil, run by the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft. A car ferry connects Horgen and Meilen.

eference


External links
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Category:Cities in Switzerland
Category:Municipalities of the canton of Zurich

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nl:Meilen (gemeente)
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ru:Майлен
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 09:37 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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