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Spain, Marbella
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"Marbella" is a city in Andalusia, Spain, by the Mediterranean, situated in the province of Málaga, beneath La Concha. In 2000 the city had 98,823 inhabitants, in 2004, 116,234.

Marbella and the nearby Puerto Banús are important beach resorts of the Costa del Sol. The town is famous for being a playground for the rich and famous. Marbella is famed as an exclusive destination for wealthy tourists from Northern Europe, as well as the well-heeled from the UK, Ireland and Germany.

However in recent years Marbella"s reputation has been tarnished by local government corruption scandals and links with organised crime

It is easy to reach other places, like Málaga and Algeciras, by bus. The area is also served by the A7 autovia, and the closest airport is at Málaga.

The area around Marbella is particularly popular with those who like golf. Marbella also hosts a WTA tennis tournament on red clay, the Andalucia Tennis Experience.

Archaeological excavations have been made in the mountains around Marbella, which point at human habitation in Paleolithic and Neolithic times. There are also remains of Phoenician and later Carthaginian settlements in the area of Rio Real. In Roman times, the city was called "Salduba".

Remains of the Roman bridge of Marbella
During Islamic rule, Muslims built a castle in this city, and they surrounded it by walls. The name Marbella, which is derived from "Marbil-la", dates from this Islamic era. The traveller Ibn Battuta characterised the town as "a pretty little town in a fertile district". In 1485, the Spaniards reconquered the city, and during the centuries that followed, the city grew.

In the 1940s, Marbella was a small village with only 900 inhabitants. But this soon changed when Prince Max Egon zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his heir Alfonso de Hohenlohe experienced a problem with their Rolls-Royce in the vicinity. This first encounter with Marbella so impressed Alfonso that he decided to buy land commercially, marketing the area as a tourist destination. In 1954 he opened the Marbella Club Hotel; his son had recently returned from California and the hotel was loosely modeled on the motel style with lower pitched terracotta roofs among 23,000 trees.

Given Alfonso"s maternal membership in Spain"s titled aristocracy (his mother, "Doña" Piedad Iturbe y Scholtz, was the Marquesa de Belvis de las Navas), and his paternal kinship to the royal courts of Europe, the hotel quickly proved a hit with vacationing members of Europe"s ruling elites, and those privileged to socialise with them in casual yet discreet luxury. Don Jaime de Mora y Aragón, a Spanish "bon vivant", brother to Fabiola, Queen of the Belgians, was a frequent vacationer.
Street in Marbella, Spain 2005.

Typical was a gala held in August 1998 as a fundraiser at the Marbella club for AIDS relief NGO. Prince Alfonso presided, supported by the sons of his first marriage to Princess Ira von Fürstenberg, an Agnelli heiress who arrived with her own "entourage"; Princess Marie-Louise of Prussia (great-granddaughter of Kaiser Wilhelm II) who, with her husband Count Rudolf "Rudi" von Schönburg-Glauchau, would eventually take over the Marbella Club Hotel from Prince Alfonso; and socialite Countess Gunilla von Bismarck.

Sea side of Marbella
Hacienda de Toros, drawing by Philippe Derome, 1979

In 1974 Prince Fahd arrived at the city after having broken the bank of the Casino of Montecarlo Until his death in 2005 he was a frequent and profitable guest at Marbella, where his retinue of over a thousand people spending petro-dollars was welcome, including the then-anonymous Osama bin Laden.

In the eighties, Marbella continued to be a destination for the jet set, with the most recognizable face being that of Gunilla von Bismarck. However, problems arose in 1987 when Melodie Nakachian, a daughter of Raymond Nakachian, a local billionaire philanthropist and the Korean singer Kimera was kidnapped, putting the city in the focus of the media.

In 1991 the builder and president of Atlético Madrid, Jesús Gil y Gil was elected by a wide majority as mayor of Marbella for his own party, the Independent Liberal Group (GIL in Spanish), promising to fight petty crime and the declining prestige associated with the region. Amongst other things, he used, as an international spokesman for the city, actor Sean Connery who later ended this relationship after his image was used for electoral purpose by Gil.

The city also experimented with extensive building activity under the administration of Gil, with critics stating that this construction was often performed without regard for the existing urban plan and thus new plans were stopped by the Andalusian government. Something of a maverick, Gil despised town-hall formalities instead ruling from his office at the Club Financiero.
Criticism was levelled at Gil by the major parties of Spain (PSOE and People"s Party) but this did not convince enough voters to oust him and Spanish celebrities continued to spend summers there.

Gil"s GIL extended to other Costa del Sol towns like Estepona and across the Strait of Gibraltar to the Spanish African cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

This period brought an appraisal of the city but also investigations of corruption began. Eventually, Jesús Gil was forced to resign in 2002 after being jailed for diverting public funds for Atlético. He was succeeded by Julián Muñoz, a former waiter then well-known for being romantically engaged with singer Isabel Pantoja with more than one hundred trials for corruption hanging on. Muñoz was overthrown by his own party which elected as new mayor Marisol Yagüe, a former secretary. Muñoz and Gil took part in a scandalous debate on television where both accused each other of having robbed public funds. The situation exploded in March 2006, when Yagüe was also jailed when the city council was near bankruptcy. According to unsubstantiated testimony, Muñoz and Yagüe were puppets in the hands of Antonio Roca, a councilman who got the job after failing in private business and gathering substantial wealth while working as a public servant. While Yagüe was in jail, the city council was run by Tomás Reñones, a former Atlético Madrid football player, who ended up in jail as well. On April 8, 2006, the Spanish government decided to suspend the council, the first time such a course of action was taken in Spanish democracy .

ights in and around Marbell
Salvador Dalí. "Horse with rider", Marbella

*Olivia Valere (Upscale restaurant, bar and disco)
*Arabian wall
*Bonsai museum
*Museo del Grabado Español Contemporáneo
*Old city centre
*Playa de la Bajadilla (beach)
*Playa de Fontanilla (beach)
*Puerto Banús, a marina built by José Banús where Rolls-Royces and Ferraris meet yachts.
*The Golden Mile featuring the Marbella Club Hotel and its beach club, as well as the late King Fahad"s palace.
*Encarnation"s Church (Iglesia de la Encarnación). Oldest church in the city situated in the old-town.

otable resident
Medieval defensive walls of Marbella

* Antonio Banderas is a regular visitor to Marbella where he has a house in Los Monteros. He and Melanie Griffith have a daughter who was born in Marbella in 1999.
* In 1981 English actress Joan Collins accepted her career-making role in the hit prime time melodrama "Dynasty" while living in her Marbella vacation home.
* Sean Connery used to live in Marbella, near a golf course where he played daily when not filming. He left following disagreements with the local press, and now resides in the Bahamas where he plays golf much less frequently. He lent his image to the Marbella"s townhall until Gil used it for political goals.
* Arms dealer Monzer al-Kassar was a longtime resident until his imprisonment, and has been nicknamed "The Prince of Marbella".
* Mark Langford, the former, multi-millionaire boss of The Accident Group who notoriously sacked most of his 2,700 staff by text message, died after being involved in a car accident in Marbella on April 11, 2007
* Actor Dolph Lundgren resides in Marbella with his wife and two children. They also have a home in London.
* English songwriting legend Richard Daniel Roman lives in Marbella.
* Porn star Linsey Dawn McKenzie lives in Marbella.
Rod Stewart resided in Marbella in the 80"s. Actress Deborah Kerr and her husband, author and movie producer Peter Viertel also were prominent residents of Marbella . Actor Stewart Granger had a home in Marbella . Sir Alan Sugar , of "The Apprentice" fame in Britain has a home in Marbella. James Hewitt, famous for his liaisons with Princess Diana, now resides and works in his own Polo House club and restaurant on the Golden Mile.

Fulgencio Batista Dictator of Cuba who was overthrown in 1959 by Fidel Castro

edia reference
"Puerto Banús" is one of the main turistic sites of Marbella.

Santiago Segura"s "Torrente" comedy film series took its second part "Torrente 2: Misión en Marbella" (2001, the highest grossing Spanish film ever) to Marbella, where the repulsive cop José Luis Torrente meets the kitsch inhabitants of the city in an intrigue of international politics.

Marbella was featured in the popular political thriller, "Syriana". It was used as the location for a private party which an Arabian Emir hosts. Marbella was portrayed as an extremely affluent city with most cars at the entrance of the palace being very expensive. In the same year it appeared in Steven Spielberg"s "Munich" in a very similar context.

In 2006, there was an international advertisement advertising Marbella as a tourist destination. The song on the advert is aptly called Marbella and is performed by singer Cristie.

The Finnish 1985 comedy film "Uuno Epsanjassa" is situated in Marbella.

Cabopino beach, Costa del Sol, Marbella
Many other movies and TV programmes such as "Nip/Tuck" portray it as a playground for the rich.

ITV aired a TV programme in spring 2007 called "Marbella Belles" which portrays a series of British woman who now live in Marbella with their rich partners.

Cast of "Living On The Edge" visit on the fourth episode of the first season.

It is also referenced in the stage play "Noises Off " by Michael Frayn. The character Phillip and his wife Belinda have been tax exiles in Spain. The character Gary thinks he and his guest are alone in the house, when he spots Phillip, and thinks he"s a ghost.
Gary: "Hold on a second, you"re not from the other world!"
Phillip: "Yes, yes, Marbella!"

Carlos Baute"s song "Colgando en tus Manos" mentions him and his love vacationing in Marbella and Marta Sanchez sings this line in their duet version of the song.

La Venus de Marbella

xternal link

* — official Marbella city hall site; some English, mostly Spanish
* on
* (englisch)

Category:Tourism in Spain

ht:Marbella (Málaga)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 24.05.2019 17:33 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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