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Manfredonia

Italy, Manfredonia
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"Manfredonia" is a town and "comune" of Puglia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it is 35 kilometres northeast by rail. Manfredonia is situated on the coast, facing east, to the south of Monte Gargano, and giving its name to the gulf to the east of it.

istor
The area of current Manfredonia was settled in ancient times by the Greeks, founded by Diomedes. The flourishing Greek colony, having fallen into the hands of the Samnites, was retaken about 335 BC by King Alexander of Epirus, uncle of Alexander the Great.

In 189 BC Sipontum was conquered by the Romans and became a colony of citizens. It was a port at the junction of the road which basiscally followed the Adriatic coast (but gving the Garganus mountain"s peninsula just north a miss) and a road through Arpi, Luceria, Aecae and Aequum Tuticum connecting at Beneventum to the Via Appia.

In AD 663 it was taken and destroyed by the Slavs. In the 9th century, Sipontum was for a time in the power of the Saracens.

ln 1042 the Normans made it the seat of one of their twelve counties, while the Monte Gargano remained Byzantine. The Normans won a decisive victory there over the Byzantine general Argyrus in 1052.
Siponto was an archbishopric in the Norman countship of Apulia.

Having become unhealthy owing to the stagnation of the water in the lagoons after the 1223 earthquake, Siponto was abandoned.
The modern city of Manfredonia was built by King Manfred between 1256–1263, some kilometers north of the ruins of the ancient Sipontum. The Angevines, who had defeated Manfred and stripped him of the Kingdom of Sicily, christened it "Sypontum Novellum" ("New Sypontum"), but that name never imposed.

In 1528 Manfredonia resisted a French attack led by the Viscount of Lautrec. In 1620 it was destroyed by the Turks, who left only the castle and part of the walls.

ain sight
The medieval Castle, begun by the Hohenstaufen and completed by the Angevins, and parts of the town walls are well preserved. The Castle received a new line of walls in the 15th century

In the church of San Domenico, the chapel of the Maddalena contains old paintings of the 14th century. Three kilometers to the southwest is the cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore di Siponto, built in 1117 in the Romanesque style, with a dome and crypt. S. Leonardo, nearer Foggia, belonging to the Teutonic order, is of the same date.

Manfredonia is also the seat of the archbishopric of Manfredonia-Vieste-S. Giovanni Rotondo.

ources and references

*A. Beltramelli, "Il Gargano" (Bergamo, 1907)
* Westermann, "Großer Atlas zur Weltgeschichte"

ources and external link

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Category:Cities and towns in Apulia
Category:Castles in Italy
Category:1256 establishments
Category:Coastal towns in Apulia

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ca:Manfredonia
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id:Manfredonia
it:Manfredonia
la:Sipontum
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ja:マンフレドーニア
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zh:曼弗雷多尼亞
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 30.05.2020 16:25 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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