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Malkara

Turkey, Malkara
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"Malkara" () is a town and district of Tekirdağ Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is located at 55 km west of Tekirdağ and 190 km from Istanbul. It covers an area of 1,225 km², which makes the district the largest in Tekirdağ. Population of the town is 25,000 with another 36,000 residing in surrounding villages.

limat
The district has cold winters, wet winds from the Balkans blow hard across Thrace.

istor
Thrace was the scene of fighting during the Persian Wars and the name Malkara is said to come from the Persian "Margaar" meaning "cave of snakes". Alternatively the town may be named after "Malgar" a general in the army of Alexander the Great who built a fortress here after they had succeeded in bringing to an end the Persian 30-year occupation of Thrace. These fortifications remained in use up until the Byzantine period.

Once the area had been brought under Ottoman control it was settled with Turks from Anatolia and a Turkish town emerged which thrived supplying the Ottoman cavalry regiments. Malkara was then used as a place of exile for those out of favor in the Ottoman court including:
*Hacı Evhat - personal tutor to Suleiman the Magnificent, who exiled Evhat in 1524 when he did not like the lessons.
*Leading statesman Koca Sinan Pasha exiled for four years here after the failure of his campaign against Iran in 1580.
*Melek Ahmet Pasha - vizier to Murat IV in the 17th century.
*Boynu Eğri Mehmet Pasha - The "Bent-neck Mehmet" who was appointed general (Pasha) after murdering the poet Sair Nefi, who himself had fallen out of favor with Sultan Murat IV for writing the satirical poems called hiciv or yergi. Mehmet quickly rose through the court hierarchy but was ultimately a failure.

The 17th century Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi described Malkara as a tidy hard-working town of 150 houses of tiled roofs noted for production of honey, cheese and leather.

At the end of the 18th century Malkara was the scene of an uprising by the Jannissary troops in protest against plans by Sultan Selim III to replace them with a new model army.

Malkara was occupied by Russian troops in the Russo-Turkish War of 1828, again by the Russians in the The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 and most painfully by the Bulgarians for 8 1/2 months during the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913. More than 500 residents were killed in combined attacks by Bulgarian troops and local Greek residents.

During the Second World War the Greek part of Thrace was occupied by German and Bulgarian troops, and as Turkey made preparations for possible entry to the war against Germany, refugees from Greece were sheltered in Malkara and some of the local people sheltered for their safety in Anatolia.

alkara toda
Malkara is a small market town serving the countryside around it, which is mostly devoted to growing sunflowers for seeds and oil. There are also one or two coal mines. Many of the people of Malkara originate in the Balkans and are liberal- and secular-minded.

The town is quiet, in the evenings the older gentlemen stroll up and down the main street while the young men drive around old Tofaş automobiles in groups of three or four to a car looking for a quiet spot to drink beer or just cruising to look at girls or to pick fights with other youths.

There is a large military base in the town.

laces of interes
The village of Yenidibek with its reservoir and ruined Byzantine castle is a popular picnic spot.




Category:Towns in Turkey
Category:Cities, towns and villages in Tekirdağ Province

bg:Малгара
de:Malkara
sw:Malkara
tr:Malkara, Tekirdağ
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 05.07.2022 08:18 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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