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Spain, Majadahonda
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"Majadahonda" is a municipality in Spain, situated 16 km northwest of Madrid, in the Community of Madrid. It lies at 743 m of altitude, and has a population of 63.427 inhabitants (2006) and an area of 39 km².

It was founded in the 13th century, originally as a farming and pastoral community. It was a place where there were violent battles during the Spanish Civil War. Today its population is increasing greatly, as are all of the towns in the area of Madrid.

The current mayor is Narciso de Foxá Alfaro of the People"s Party.


Facts surrounding the original founding of Majadahonda are not precisely verifiable, although some current residents of Majadahonda believe that the founders were Segovian shepherds who, by the 13th century, were based in the area. As time passed, the population multiplied, later giving rise to a small village Majadahonda, deriving from “Segoviano Country” and the “Land of Madrid”. These facts would help to explain the origin of the name since “the majada” term means “area or esplanade in which it takes shelter or it reunites the cattle flocks”, mainly of cattle. Some archaeological findings, the remains of a Roman-Visigoth town may support the idea that it was initially populated and later abandoned.

It was in the 16th century when Majadahonda begins to become proper village with a census of 400 inhabitants. Some of them had as a last name: Brave, Montero, Rojas or Labrandero, last names that still last in the locality. At the end of the century there were almost two hundred houses already, inhabited by about 800 majariegos. Majadahonda is mentioned in important literary works of the 17th century. Two examples of it are the renowned creation of Miguel de Cervantes, The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha (Second part, Chapter XIX) or “the Petty thief” of Francisco de Quevedo. The center of the village contained the Church of Santa Catherine, a small hospital and a modest inn. The town extended through the streets San Roque, Real and the Christ.

In the 17th century a spectacular reduction of population took place, as soon as surpassing means thousand of inhabitants as much to principles as at the end of century. One says that then Majadahonda was on the verge of being sold, like it took control of Boadilla of Monte and Pozuelo de Aravaca (Pozuelo de Alarcón, after the sale). However, the protest of the neighbors to King Felipe IV was effective and the operation did not happen. With the change of dynasty, and already entered the Century of the Lights, a considerable population increase takes place, leaving it with 800 people according to the census of Floridablanca. The majority were day laborers, as opposed to a minority of rich farmers and landed gentry. Bread and the firewood that sold in Madrid, were their main source of commerce. The relations with King Felipe V were then very good, obtaining even that it was compensated to the majariegos with 3,000 real ones to the year by the damages that the hunting in the mount of the Brown caused. In return, the inhabitants of the village acceded to that firewood of its meadow was cut to cook 600,000 bricks to construct the Real Palace.

The Great Route constitutes a new city-planning symbol of Majadahonda (Madrid) 19th century did not start well for the inhabitants of Majadahonda. The bad harvests, the plague, and the effects of the wars, left the town almost desolate. In 1812, during the War of Spanish independence, the troops of Wellington fought the French in Majadahonda, leaving everything demolished. The ecclesiastical and civil confiscation supposed the sale of much land, acquired by oligarcas and powerful nobility. One of them, the Marquess of Reluctant, constructed a train station in his property, due to his position with the railroad company. This is the origin of the present station in the locality.

In the 20th century electricity arrived at Majadahonda, and with it times of prosperity and leisure, employment mainly in the Casino. But the Spanish Civil War caused new misfortune and from 1936 to 1939 the town was empty. Those that they returned when the war finished found a devastated town where almost no building was still intact. Then a new town was constructed, to both sides of the Wide Way, differentiating clearly the old helmet from linear type of the plane in grid. Throughout the 60"s a process of urban transformation and population increase took place. Majadahonda left agricultural activities behind and became a residential place and a place of services. The population increase is so massive that they must asphalt the streets to the race, construct sewage systems, create schools and hospitals. In 1970 there appeared near the highway of the Plantation a series of urbanizations of “city garden”, with many supplies of house to unifamiliar. Soon the leaned urbanizations in open block and unifamiliares houses would arise that predominate nowadays.

The political changes have reflected faithful in Majadahonda, that votes in favor of the Constitution of 1978. In the first municipal elections, the old oligarchy loses the power, and a new stage in the City council is opened. From the arrival of the democracy the city has not stopped growing, arriving at 40,000 inhabitants from the year 2000. Being third in rent per capita, the city has expanded in all directions and has become one of the richest localities of all the Community of Madrid.

Near Majadahonda at Las Rozas ( Geographical coordinates: 40°29"6"N 3°52"27"W), is the most powerful broadcasting station in Spain, which transmits the program of RNE-1 on 585 kHz at 600 kW. The antenna, a 264 metres tall guyed mast built in 1962, is the tallest structure in Madrid area. In the facility, which is also used for broadcasting RNE-5 on 657 kHz and COPE Madrid on 999 kHz with 50 kW, there is also a second mast, 130 metres tall.

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.12.2017 10:02 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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