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Great Britain, Luton
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The Victorian expansion of Luton focused on areas close to the existing town centre and railways. In the 1920s and 1930s growth typically was though absorbing neighbouring villages and hamlets and infill construction between them and Luton. After the Second World War there were several estates and developments constructed both by the local authority such as Farley Hill or Marsh Farm, or privately such as Bushmead.

""More" about Places within Luton "

The United Kingdom Census 2001 showed that Luton had a population of 184,371, a 5.8% increase from the last census meaning that Luton is the 27th largest settlement in the UK. Of this, 43,324 were under 15, 131,660 were between 16 and 74 and 9387 were over 74. The Office for National Statistics mid-year estimate of the 2007 population is 188,800.Office for National Statistics, (Excel spreadsheet within zip file). However, the Luton Borough Council Research and Intelligence Team criticise this figure as understating the recent immigration from Eastern Europe, and they estimate the true figure to be in the region of 203,800.Luton Borough Council, , estimate for 2007.

Local inhabitants are known as "Lutonians".


Luton has seen several waves of immigration. In the early part of the 20th century Irish and Scottish people arrived in the town - these were followed by Afro-Caribbean and Asian immigrants. More recently immigrants from Eastern Europe have made Luton their home. As a result of this Luton has a diverse ethnic mix, with a significant population of Asian descent, mainly Pakistani (9.8%), Bangladeshi (4.3%) and Indian (4.2%). The 2005 Office of National Statistics figures revealed that town had a white population of 68% (of which white British amounted to 61.3%).

The Methodist Chapel in High Town (built 1897)
The Guru Nanak Gurdwara Sikh Temple, Luton
According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, 60% of the inhabitants in Luton are Christian and 15% are Muslim.

The full statistics are as follows:

conomic activit
Of the town"s working population (classified 16–74 years of age by the Office for National Statistics), 63% are employed. This figure includes students, the self-employed and those who are in part-time employment. 11% are retired, 8% look after the family or take care of the home and 5% are unemployed.


Griffin House, headquarters of Vauxhall Motors
Hangar 89, EasyJet headquarters
Luton"s economy has, traditionally been focused on several different areas of industry including Car Manufacture, engineering and millinery. However, today, Luton is moving towards a service based economy mainly in the retail and the airport sectors, although there is still a focus on light industry in the town.

Notable firms with headquarters in Luton include:
*EasyJet - head office (originally EasyLand, later moved into Hangar 89"." Easyjet. Retrieved on 27 September 2009.) and main base at London Luton Airport
*Monarch Airlines - headquarters, at Luton Airport (Prospect House)"." Monarch Airlines. Retrieved on 27 September 2009.
*Thomson UK (Thomson Holidays and Thomson Airways) - travel"." Thomson UK. Retrieved on 27 September 2009.
*Vauxhall Motors - headquarters (Griffin House)"." Vauxhall Motors. Retrieved on 2 September 2009.

Notable firms with offices in Luton include:
*Anritsu - electronics
*AstraZeneca - pharmaceuticals
*Selex Galileo - aerospace
*Ernst & Young - accountants
*Experian - data and analytics
*Mazars - accountants
*Siemens AG - electronics
*Whitbread - hospitality


The Mall Arndale, the main shopping destination in Luton.
The main shopping area in Luton is centred around The Mall Arndale. Built in the 1960s/1970s and opened as an Arndale Centre, construction of the shopping centre led to the demolition of a number of the older buildings in the town centre including the Plait Halls (a Victorian covered market building with an iron and glass roof). Shops and businesses in the remaining streets, particularly in the roads around Cheapside and in High Town, have been in decline ever since. George Street, on the south side of the Arndale, was pedestrianised in the 1990s.

Contained within the main shopping centre is the Market, which contains butchers, fishmongers, fruit and veg, hairdressers, tattoo parlours, ice cream, flower stall and T-shirt printing as well as eating places.

Another major shopping area is Bury Park where there are shops catering to Luton"s ethnic minorities.

ood and drin
Luton has a diverse selection of restaurants - English, Italian, Chinese, Indian, Caribbean, Thai and Malaysian to name a few. No area of the town is specifically restaurant-orientated, but in some areas (such as Bury Park) there is a concentration of Asian restaurants.

There are pubs and clubs in the town centre. A number of these cater for the town"s student population; however, there are still a number of traditional pubs in the town.


East Midlands Trains approaching Luton Airport Pkwy
Luton has excellent transport links and is situated less than 30 miles north of the centre of London, giving it good links with the City and other parts of the country via the motorway network and the National Rail system. Luton is also home to London Luton Airport, one of the major feeder airports for London and the southeast. Luton is also served by a bus service run by Arriva and a large taxi network. As a Unitary Authority, Luton Borough Council is responsible for the local highways and public transport in the Borough and licensing of Taxis.

University of Bedfordshire - Luton

Luton is one of the main locations of the University of Bedfordshire. A large campus of the university is in Luton town centre, with a smaller campus based on the edge of town in Putteridge Bury, an old Victorian manor house. The other main campus of the university is located in Bedford.

The town is home to Luton Sixth Form College and Barnfield College. Both have been awarded Learning & Skills Beacon Status by the Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Luton"s schools and colleges have also been earmarked for major investment in the government scheme Building Schools for the Future programme, which intends to renew and refit buildings in institutes across the country. Luton is in the 3rd wave of this long term programme with work intending to start in 2009.

There are 98 educational institutes in Luton - seven Nurseries, 70 Primary schools (9 Voluntary-Aided, 2 Special Requirements), 13 Secondary Schools (1 Voluntary-Aided, 1 Special Requirements), four Further Educational Institutes and four other Educational Institutes.

ulture and leisur
Kenilworth Road, the home to Luton Town Football Club
Sport In Bedfordshire
Luton is the home town of Luton Town Football Club who have recently been relegated from the football league, one below the 4th flight of the English league structure. Their nickname, "The Hatters", dates back to when Luton had a substantial millinery industry.

Speedway racing was staged in Luton in the mid 1930s.

The town has three rugby union clubs - "Luton Rugby Club" who play in National 3 Midlands, "Vauxhall Motors RFC" who play in Midlands 3 SE and "Stockwood Park" who also play in Midlands 3 SE.

ardown Par
The Daisy-Chain Wall in Wardown Park.

Wardown Park is situated on the River Lea in Luton. The park has sporting facilities, is home to the Luton Museum & Art Gallery and contains formal gardens. The park is located between "Old Bedford Road" and the A6, "New Bedford Road" and is within walking distance of the town centre.

tockwood Par
Stockwood Park, Luton

Stockwood Park is a large municipal park near Junction 10 of the M1. The park houses the craft museum, the Mossman Collection and the period formal gardens which are all free of charge for visitors. There is an athletics track, an 18-hole golf course, several rugby pitches and areas of open space.

The park was originally the estate and grounds to Stockwood house, which was demolished in 1964.


Luton Carnival is the largest one-day carnival in Europe. It usually takes place on the late May Bank Holiday. Crowds can reach 150,000 on each occasion.

The procession starts at Wardown Park and makes its way down New Bedford Road, around the Town Centre via St George"s Square, back down New Bedford Road and finishes back at Wardown Park. There are music stages and stalls around the town centre and at Wardown Park.

t. Patrick"s Da
The festival celebrating the patron saint of Ireland, St Patrick, is held on the weekend nearest to March 17. Now on its 9th year, the festival includes a parade, market stalls and music stands as well as Irish themed events.

Luton is home to the Library Theatre, a 238 seat theatre located on the 3rd floor of the town"s Central Library. The Theatre"s programme consists of local amateur dramatic societies, pantomime, children"s theatre (on Saturday mornings) and one night shows of touring theatre companies.

uton Museu
Luton Museum & Art Gallery, Wardown Park, Luton

Luton Museum and Art Gallery is housed in a large Victorian mansion in Wardown Park on the outskirts of the town centre. The museum collection focusses on the traditional crafts of Bedfordshire, notably lace-making and hat-making. There are samples of local lace from as early as the 17th century.

The Wenlock Jug, a rare example of a jug cast, was almost sold to New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art for £750,000 but was export-stopped in October 2005 by culture minister, David Lammy, based on a recommendation by the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest, run by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council.

tockwood Craft Museu

Based in Stockwood Park, Luton, the collection of rural crafts and trades held at Stockwood Park Museum was amassed by Thomas Wyatt Bagshawe, who was a notable local historian and a leading authority on folk life. Bagshawe was born in Dunstable in 1901 and became a director of the family engineering firm.
The Berline of King Leopold II, part of the Mossman Collection.
The collection only contains examples from Bedfordshire and the borders of neighbouring counties, giving the collection a very strong regional identity.

ossman Collectio

The Mossman Carriage collection is held at Stockwood Park, Luton and is the largest and most significant vehicle collection of its kind in the country, including originals from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.

The Mossman collection of horse drawn vehicles was given to Luton Museum Service in 1991. It illustrates the development of horse-drawn road transportation in Britain from Roman times up until the 1930s.

ocal attraction

win town
Luton participates in international town twinning; its partners are:

otable Lutonian

* Kerry Dixon, footballer
* Kevin Foley, footballer
* Sean Gallagher, actor
* Liam George, footballer
* John Gosling, musician
* Arthur Hailey, novelist
* Neil Halstead, musician
* Neil Jackson, Actor
* Monty Panesar, cricketer
* John Payne, musician
* Phil Read, motorcycle racer
* David Renwick, scriptwriter
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.10.2019 18:10 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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