Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Loksa

Estonia, Loksa
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


Loksa Bus Station
Loksa City Administration
Loksa Orthodox Church

"Loksa" is a town in northern Estonia. It constitutes an urban municipality within Harju County. The town has a population of 3,405 (as of January 1, 2009) and covers an area of 3.8 km². The population density is 896.05 inhabitants per km².

The Valgejõgi river runs through Loksa and drains there into Hara Bay.

History

The village of Loksa was first mentioned in 1687 but this area is known in modern times as the village of Kotka.

The development of what is known these days as the town of Loksa started around 1874 when the landlords of Kolga established a new brickyard outside Loksa village. Around this factory a new market town was born.

In 1903, a shipyard was established, boosting the community"s further growth. From Loksa bricks were transported to Tallinn, Helsinki and Saint Petersburg. Although no ships were built in Loksa, the shipyard was heavily used for repairing ships from 1905 onwards.

By the end of the 19th century, there were 36 dwellings in Loksa. By 1934, their number had grown to 150. Loksa soon became the administrative centre of Loksa Parish which was part of Harju County until 1949 and of Viru County from 1949 to 1950.

From 1950 to 1957, Loksa was the administrative centre of Loksa District. After a new administrative reform in 1957 Loksa became part of Harju District.

The brickyard was closed down in 1981, but the shipyard continued to be expanded until the end of the Soviet occupation and remains until this day the main employer in town.

With the restoration of the Republic of Estonia in 1991, Loksa became again a centre of the restored Loksa Parish and was elevated from market town to town on August 25, 1993.

Population

Since the beginning of 1990s, the population of Loksa has decreased by more than one fifth. This has been mainly caused by growing unemployment, resulting from closure and downsizing of several companies not fit for new economic climate.

In 2000, there were 1,650 inhabitants in labor force, 750 of whom were working somewhere else.

The main ethnic group in Loksa is Russians, making up about 57% of the whole population. Estonians make up less than one third of all inhabitants.



Education

The history of education in Loksa dates back to December 1867 when teacher Jakob Janter started to teach 20 children in a local farm house. The first schoolhouse was built in 1903, but this building burned down in 1927. Restoration work took two years and was completed in 1929.

With the influx of Russian workers in late 1940s, three classes for Russian-speaking children were created in 1948. Loksa primary school was upgraded to secondary school in 1952 and renamed Loksa 1. Secondary School, the name it bears also today. Until 1988, both Russian and Estonian children studied in the same school.

In the end of 1980s, both Russian- and Estonian-speaking community had grown big enough to justify creation of a second school. Loksa 2. Secondary School for Russian-speaking children was established in 1988 and is still operational, since 1996 under the name of Loksa Russian Gymnasium.

External links
*






Category:Harju County
Category:Cities and towns in Estonia
Category:Municipalities of Estonia
Category:Villages in Estonia

be:Горад Локса
cs:Loksa
de:Loksa
et:Loksa
es:Loksa
fr:Loksa
it:Loksa
lv:Loksa
lt:Loksa
nl:Loksa
no:Loksa
nn:Loksa
pl:Loksa
ro:Loksa
ru:Локса
sk:Loksa
fi:Loksa
tr:Loksa
uk:Локса
vo:Loksa (Harju)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.10.2019 12:55 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"Estonia" (;; ), officially the "Republic of Estonia" (), is a state in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km),
"Kuressaare" () is a town and a municipality on island in Estonia. It is the capital of Saare County. The current population is about 15,300.The town is situated on the coast of Gulf of Riga and is served by Kuressaare Airport.Kuressaare castle
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
"Valga" may refer to:*a town called Valga in Estonian; cf. Valka (in Latvia)*Valga, a town in Galicia, Spaines:Valga (desambiguación)gl:Valga (homónimos)it:Valganl:Valgann:Valgapt:Valga
dministrative district200pxFor local government purposes, is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (, singular "linnaosa"). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
The former leader of Catalonia, who led the Spanish region to a declaration of independence last year and subsequently fled to Belgium, has said he will not seek to regain his former post "for the time being." Madrid (dpa) - Renouncing a
Ties between Germany and Turkey have become increasingly strained of late, as Berlin struggles to strike a balance between pressure to criticize President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's increasing authoritarianism, and maintaining good relations with the
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has paid a hefty price to end months of political deadlock and seal a coalition deal between her conservatives and the Social Democrats (SPD), but has weeks to go before forming a government. Merkel‘s Christian
An Austrian fraternity with links to the governing Freedom Party (FPOe) faces dissolution by the authorities, the government announced on Wednesday, reacting to revelations over Nazi-style texts in the group's songbook. Vienna (dpa) - The scandal has
With formal negotiations imminent on forming a new government with Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) are meeting on Thursday to plan their strategy for the tough talks ahead. Berlin (dpa) - The SPD is
The European Union has removed eight countries - including Panama, the United Arab Emirates and South Korea - from its 17-country blacklist of international tax havens, just seven weeks after the list was compiled. Brussels (dpa) - The eight
Wetter

Tallinn


(21.10.2019 12:55)

-14 / -7 °C


22.10.2019
-14 / -4 °C
23.10.2019
-3 / 0 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum