Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Linz

Austria, Linz
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  





"Linz" is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of (). It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately 30 km south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river . The population of the city is 189,284 (2009), and that of the Greater Linz conurbation is 271,000.

istor
The Pöstlingberg church in Linz.
rigin
The city was founded by the Romans, who called it "Lentia". The name "Linz" was first recorded in 799 AD, after Bavarians expanded south and Linz became a center of trade.

oly Roman Empir
It was a provincial and local government city of the Holy Roman Empire, and an important trading point connecting several routes, on either side of the river from the East to the West and Bohemia and Poland from north to the Balkans and Italy to the south. Being the city where the Habsburg Emperor Friedrich III spent his last years, it was, for a short period of time, the most important city in the empire. It lost its status to Vienna and Prague after the death of the Emperor in 1493.
One important inhabitant of the city was Johannes Kepler, who spent several years of his life in the city studying mathematics. He discovered, on 15 May 1618, the distance-cubed-over-time-squared — or "third" — law of planetary motion. The local public university, Johannes Kepler University, is named for him. Another famous citizen was Anton Bruckner, who spent the years between 1855 and 1868 working as a local composer and church organist in the city. The local concert hall "Brucknerhaus" and a local private music and arts university are named after him.

A statue of Kepler in Linz

dolf Hitle
Adolf Hitler was born in the border town of Braunau am Inn but moved to Linz in his childhood. Hitler spent most of his youth in the Linz area, from 1898 until 1907, when he left for Vienna. The family lived first in the village of Leonding on the outskirts of town, and then in an apartment on the Humboldtstrasse in Linz itself. Hitler"s parents are buried in Leonding.
Hermann-Göring-Werke
After elementary education in Leonding, Hitler was enrolled in the "Realschule" (school) in Linz, as was the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Notorious Holocaust architect Adolf Eichmann also spent his youth in Linz.

The association of the city with Hitler"s childhood warranted an allusion in a poem by W.H. Auden, September 1, 1939: "Accurate scholarship can/Unearth the whole offense/ From Luther until now/ That has driven a culture mad, Find what occurred at Linz...."

To the end of his life, Hitler considered Linz to be his "home town",Kershaw, Ian. "Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris". New York: Norton, 1998. p.15 and envisioned extensive architectural schemes for it, wanting it to become the main cultural centre of the Third Reich. In order to make the city economically vibrant, Hitler initiated a major industrialization of Linz shortly before, and during, World War II. Many factories were dismantled in the newly-acquired Czechoslovakia and then reassembled in Linz, including the Hermann-Göring-Werke (now voestalpine). In addition to an ordnance depot, Linz has a benzol (oil) plant which was bombed during the Oil Campaign on 16 October 1944.

The Mauthausen-Gusen, located near Linz, were the last Nazi concentration camps to be liberated by the Allies. While in operation, they were the source of quarrying for stone for Hitler"s prestige projects across the Reich. The main camp in Mauthausen is just away from Linz.

oda
After the war, the river that runs through Linz — from the western side to the south-eastern side — which separates the Urfahr district in the north from the rest of Linz — served as the border between the Russian and American occupation troops. The Nibelungen bridge that spans the river from the Hauptplatz (main square) was at that time Linz"s version of Checkpoint Charlie. The Nibelungen Brücke with the two bridge head buildings is the only architectural plan Hitler ever carried out in Linz.

opulation developmen
Church of Saints Michael and Ursula, Linz


The agglomeration includes (parts of) 13 other municipalities with together 271,000 inhabitants. Linz is also part of the Linz-Wels-Steyr metropolitan area of , home to around one third of the state"s population (460,000 people) and second-largest urban area in Austria. statistik.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007 linz.at/zahlen – Retrieved 31 October 2007

istrict
Linz is divided into 9 districts and 36 statistical quarters. They are:
#Innenstadt: Altstadtviertel, Rathausviertel, Kaplanhofviertel, Neustadtviertel, Volksgartenviertel, Römerberg-Margarethen
#Waldegg: Freinberg, Froschberg, Keferfeld, Bindermichl, Spallerhof, Wankmüllerhofviertel, Andreas-Hofer-Platz-Viertel
#Lustenau: Makartviertel, Franckviertel, Hafenviertel
#St. Peter
#Kleinmünchen: Kleinmünchen, Neue Welt, Scharlinz, Bergern, Neue Heimat, Wegscheid, Schörgenhub
#Ebelsberg
#Urfahr: Alt-Urfahr, Heilham, Hartmayrsiedlung, Harbachsiedlung, Karlhofsiedlung, Auberg
#Pöstlingberg:Pöstlingberg, Bachl-Gründberg
#St. Magdalena: St. Magdalena, Katzbach, Elmberg

conom
Linz is an industrial city. The Voestalpine AG is a large steel concern (founded as the "Hermann Göring Werke" during World War II), and which is known for the LD- ("Linz-Donawitz") procedure for the production of steel, and the former "Chemie Linz" chemical group, which has been split up into several companies. This has made Linz one of Austria"s most important economic centres. Linz is also the home of Pez ( makers of peppermint candy).

Traffic
Linz also serves as an important transportation hub for the region of both and, to a lesser degree, southern Bohemia. The "Blue " Linz Airport lies about 6.25 miles (10 km) southwest of the town centre. Direct flights include Frankfurt, Düsseldorf and Vienna with additional seasonal routes added during the summer and winter months. Ryanair flies to London Stansted Airport.

The city lies on Austria"s main rail axis, the so-called "Westbahn", linking Vienna with western Austria, Germany and Switzerland. There are also varying types of river transport on the ; from industrial barges to tourist cruise ships.

Main sights
The Brucknerhaus.
The Eisenbahnbrücke (railway bridge) at night, with the more modern VöestAlpine bridge in the background
The main street "Landstraße" leads from the "Blumauerplatz" to the main square. In the middle of this square the high "Pestsäule" ("plague column", also known as "Dreifaltigkeitssäule" (Dreifaltigkeit means Holy Trinity)) was built to remember the people who died in the plague epidemics. liwest.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007 linz.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007

Near the castle, being the former seat of Friedrich the III — the oldest Austrian church is located: Sankt/Saint Martins church. It was built during early medieval Carolingian times.

Other sights include:
* St. Mary"s Cathedral (Mariendom), Roman Catholic., in Gothic-Revival style

* Pöstlingberg-Kirche: pilgrimage church on the Pöstlingberg hill

* Brucknerhaus — the concert hall named after the composer Anton Bruckner, who was born in Ansfelden, a small town next to Linz. andreas-praefcke.de – Retrieved 31 October 2007

* Gugl Stadium, is home to the LASK (Linzer Athletik Sport Klub), which is claimed to be the third oldest soccer club in Austria.

* The Linzer Landestheater

ultur
The Lentos Art Museum.
The city is now home to a vibrant music and arts scene that is well-funded by the city and the state of . Between the Lentos Art Museum and the "Brucknerhaus", is the "Donaulände", which is also referred to as "Kulturmeile" ("culture mile"). This is a park alongside the river, which is used mainly by young people to relax and meet in summer. It is also used for the Ars Electronica Festival and the "Linz Fest". lentos.at – Retrieved 10 November 2007 Linz has other culture institutions, such as the Posthof, which is near the harbour, and the Stadtwerkstatt, which is by the river.
Linz is the in 2009, along with Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.

r
The recently built Lentos (2003) is a modern art gallery, presenting art from the 20th and 21st centuries. It is situated on the south banks of the river . The building can be illuminated at night from the inside with blue, pink, red, and violet, due to its glass casing.

The Ars Electronica Center (AEC) is a museum and research facility on the north bank of the (in the Urfahr district), across the river from the Hauptplatz (main square). The AEC is a significant world center for new media arts, attracting a large gathering of technologically-oriented artists every year for the Ars Electronica festival. The AEC museum is home to one of the few public 3D CAVEs in Europe.

usi
The Brucknerhaus, the most important concert hall in Linz is named after Anton Bruckner. It is situated just some 200 meters away from the "Lentos". It is home to the "Bruckner Orchestra", and is frequently used for concerts, as well as Balls and other events.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote his Symphony No. 36 (1783) in Linz for a concert to be given there, and the work is known today as the "Linz Symphony". The first version of Anton Bruckner"s Symphony No. 1 in C minor is known as the Linz version.

olleges and universitie
* The Johannes Kepler University is situated in the north-east of Linz, and hosts law, business, social sciences, engineering, and science faculties; about 13416 students (October 2007) are enrolled. A spin-off of the university, as well as a "Fachhochschule" for various computer-related studies, (polytechnic) is located 20 miles north of Linz in the small town of Hagenberg im Mühlkreis. Linz also hosts three other universities:
* University of Arts and Industrial Design Linz, public, for arts and industrial design (approx. 800 students)
* Anton Bruckner Private University for Music, Drama, and Dance (private) for music (approx. 800 students)
* Catholic-Theological Private University Linz (private) for Catholic theology (approx. 400 students), which has been a Papal faculty since 1978.

Amongst the many "Gymnasien" (high schools) in Linz, is Linz International School Auhof (LISA), which is one of four IB (International Baccalaureate) schools in Austria, and uses English as main language for instruction.

orn in Lin
* Mary Anne of Austria (1683–1754), Queen consort of Portugal
* Alois Riegl (1858–1905) art historian
* Hermann Bahr (1863–1934) writer, playwright, director, and critic
* Frederic "Fritz" Austerlitz (1868) father of Fred Astaire
* Richard Tauber (1891–1948) tenor
* Valie Export (born 1940) artist
* Herwig van Staa (born 1942) former governor of Tyrol
* Frank Elstner (born 1942) presenter on German television
* Herbert Maneval-Slojewski (born 1946) CEO Heidi Grace Collection
* Richard Link (born 1951) Canadian space scientist
* Helmut Wiesinger (born 1952) actor, author and stage director
* Anton Koschany (born 1953) news producer
* Elisabeth Theurer (born 1956) horse rider
* Franz Welser-Möst (born 1960) music director, The Cleveland Orchestra and the Zürich Opera House, designated music director of the Vienna State Opera
* Vera Lischka (born 1977) breaststroke swimmer and politician
* Birgit Minichmayr (born 1977) actress
* Thomas Marban (born 1979) entrepreneur
* Sybille Bammer (born 1980) tennis player
* Marco Krainer (born 1981) Austrian specialty and TV chef with connections to the United States

"Living in Linz":
* Andrew Edge (born in Leeds, England) musician.
* Doug Hammond (born in Tampa, Florida, 1942) musician.
* Klaus von Pervulesko (born in Innsbruck, 1945) actor.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Linz is twinned with:


* Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany, since 1995
* České Budějovice, Czech Republic, since 1987
* Chengdu, China, since 1983
* Gabès, Tunisia, since 1977
* Halle, Germany, since 1975

* Kansas City, United States, since 1988
* Gwangyang, South Korea, since 1991
* Linköping, Sweden, since 1995
* Linz am Rhein, Germany, since 1987
* Modena, Italy, since 1992

* Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, since 1993
* Norrköping, Sweden, since 1995
* San Carlos, Nicaragua, since 1988
* Zaporizhia, Ukraine, since 1983
* Tampere, Finland, since 1995


ote


urther readin
*Satchell, Tim. "Astaire, The Biography." Hutchinson, London. 1987. ISBN 0-09-173736-2

ee als
*List of mayors of Linz
*Linzer torte
*Oberösterreich

xternal link

*
* LinzGenesis and Museum of the History of Dentistry in
* StifterHaus
* Landesgalerie (Provincial gallery)
* Nordico – Museum of the City of Linz
* The O.K Center for Contemporary Art
*
* Picture tour through Linz
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*







Category:Cities and towns in
Category:Settlements on the
Category:Oil Campaign of World War II

ar:لينتز
zh-min-nan:Linz
be-x-old:Лінц
bar:Linz
bs:Linz
br:Linz
bg:Линц
ca:Linz
cs:Linec
cy:Linz
da:Linz
de:Linz
et:Linz
el:Λιντς
es:Linz
eo:Linz
fa:لينتس
fr:Linz (Autriche)
ga:Linz
gl:Linz
ko:린츠
hr:Linz
io:Linz
id:Linz
is:Linz
it:Linz
he:לינץ
jv:Linz
ka:ლინცი
kk:Зальцбург
la:Lentia
lv:Linca
lb:Linz
lt:Lincas
lmo:Linz
hu:Linz
ms:Linz
nl:Linz
ja:リンツ
no:Linz
nn:Linz
oc:Linz
pl:Linz
pt:Linz
ro:Linz
qu:Linz
ru:Линц
simple:Linz
sk:Linec
sl:Linz
sr:Линц
fi:Linz
sv:Linz
tr:Linz
tk:Linz
uk:Лінц
vec:Linz
vo:Linz
war:Linz
zh:林茨
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 28.09.2020 04:44 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"Linz" is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of (). It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately 30 km south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river . The population of the city is 189,284 (2009),
"Linz" is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of (). It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately 30 km south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river . The population of the city is 189,284 (2009),
Main sightsThe older pedestrian district of Innsbruck with the famous Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof) and the Alps in the background.Another view of the Altstadt, The Old City, with the Goldenes Dachl and Stadtturm, the Old City Watch Tower, clearly
Main sightsThe older pedestrian district of Innsbruck with the famous Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof) and the Alps in the background.Another view of the Altstadt, The Old City, with the Goldenes Dachl and Stadtturm, the Old City Watch Tower, clearly
Main sightsThe older pedestrian district of Innsbruck with the famous Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof) and the Alps in the background.Another view of the Altstadt, The Old City, with the Goldenes Dachl and Stadtturm, the Old City Watch Tower, clearly
Main sightsThe older pedestrian district of Innsbruck with the famous Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof) and the Alps in the background.Another view of the Altstadt, The Old City, with the Goldenes Dachl and Stadtturm, the Old City Watch Tower, clearly
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
Voters in Austria have a choice between a far-right and a Green president. No matter who wins, populism is gaining ground in the country. Vienna (dpa) - Europe will look to Austria on Sunday to see if the small but wealthy country will elect Western
Austria's far-right presidential candidate talks to dpa about his admiration for Margaret Thatcher and offers his take on the US election outcome. Vienna (dpa) - Austria will vote for a new president on Sunday after a year-long campaign beset by
The future of the European Union and Austria's image abroad were high on the minds of Austrian voters, who opted for Green candidate Alexander Van der Bellen as president, and against rightist Norbert Hofer. Vienna (dpa) - Here are the results of a
Wetter

Wien


(28.09.2020 04:44)

-4 / -1 °C


29.09.2020
-5 / -1 °C
30.09.2020
-5 / -2 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum