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Lillehammer

Norway, Lillehammer
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is a town and municipality in county, Norway, globally known for hosting the 1994 Winter Olympics. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer.

The city centre is a late 19th century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains.

am
The municipality is named after the old "Hamar" farm (Old Norse: "Hamarr"), since the first church was built there. The word "hamar" means a "steep rock". In order to distinguish it from the nearby town and the bishopric of Hamar, it was often called "Lilþlæ Hamar" or "Litlihamarr" meaning "the small Hamar". It is also mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as "Litlikaupangr" meaning "the small trading place".

oat-of-arm
The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898. The arms show a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of the Birkebeinerrennet race.

istor
The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age. It is also mentioned as a site for council in 1390. It had a lively market by the 1800s, and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries.

The town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964.
Olympic ski jump

Lillehammer was the site of the Lillehammer affair in 1973 where operatives of the Israeli Mossad shot and killed a Moroccan waiter they mistakenly thought was involved in the Munich Massacre.

Lillehammer was host city of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games. It is known for being a typical venue for winter sporting events. It bid for the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics, but was passed over.

In 2005, the popular British automotive show "Top Gear" aired its "Winter Olympics" special, an episode of various Olympic event-themed challenges involving cars, set in the surrounding area of Lillehammer.

ducatio
A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Lower Secondary School
Lillehammer High School, Mesna High School, Vargstad High School are the three high schools in Lillehammer.

eograph
Vista of Lillehammer from the west
Lillehammer is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, and to the north of Gjøvik, all in county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county. Lillehammer has a relatively dry inland climate. To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind.

Climate


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conom
The basis for the city"s commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years.

ranspor

One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovrebanen, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim.

European route E6 passes through Lillehammer.

ttraction
Lillehammer Church
In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions:

* Maihaugen, centrally located in Lillehammer, is the largest open air museum in Norway, with 185 buildings, mostly from Lillehammer town and the valley of Gudbrandsdalen.

*Garmo stave church (built around 1150)

* The art museum, "Flygelet".

* The PS "Skibladner" is the world"s oldest paddle steamer in scheduled service, launched in 1856. Summer sailings around lake Mjøsa: Lillehammer, Moelv, Gjøvik, Hamar, and Eidsvoll.

* The ski jump at Lysgårdsbakkene.

* Sjusjøen is a skiing destination with forest and mountain terrain only 20 km away (east) from the centre of Lillehammer in the municipality of Ringsaker.

* The Sambandets Utdanning og Kompetansesenter is an army unit located in the camp Jørstadmoen 3–4 km northwest of Lillehammer.

* The rock carvings at Drotten, Fåberg, west of Lågen about 1.5 km above Brunlaug bridge.

* Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy - The Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with different political, religious and cultural backgrounds. The Academy is founded on the inheritance of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge about this inheritance.

por
portclubs in Lillehamme
* Lillehammer Icehockey Club (The team competes in Norway"s major hockey league, the GET-League.)
* Lillehammer Orienteeringclub
* Lillehammer Skiclub
* Lillehammer Speedskating club

otable resident
* Sigrid Undset lived in Lillehammer at her home "Bjerkebæk" from 1919 through 1940. She brought her children with her for a short rest, planning on returning to Oslo. However, she chose to remain in Lillehammer. She wrote her most famous works there: the three-volume "Kristin Lavransdatter", the six-volume "Sverkholt tales", and the four-volume "Olav Audunssønn". In 1940, because she had expressed strong anti-Nazi sentiments since the early 1930s, she fled Lillehammer before the invading German army reached the town. She returned to Lillehammer after the war and died there in 1949. She is buried at the cemetery in Mesnali a nearby village.
* Cesar Baena , the Venezuelan cross country skier.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
The following cities are twinned with Lillehammer:
- Autrans, Isère, France
* - Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
* - Hayward, Wisconsin, United States
* - Hørsholm, Region Hovedstaden, Denmark
* - Leksand, Dalarna County, Sweden
* - Minakami, Gunma Prefecture, Japan
* - Oberhof, Thuringia, Germany
* - Oulainen, Oulu Province, Finland
* - Sarajevo, Sarajevo Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina
* - Shiozawa, Niigata Prefecture, Japan
}}

ee als
Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2004

eference


xternal link


* from Statistics Norway
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Category:Cities and towns in Norway
Category:Host cities of the Winter Olympic Games
Category:Municipalities of
Category:1827 establishments

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 16.10.2019 12:44 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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