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Lienz

Austria, Lienz
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"Lienz" is a medieval town in the Austrian state of Tyrol. It is the administrative centre of the Lienz district , which covers all of East Tyrol. Lienz is located at the confluence of the rivers Isel and Drava, between the Hohe Tauern mountain range in the north and the Gailtal Alps in the south. The municipality also includes the cadastral subdivision of "Patriasdorf".
"Liebburg" city hall
istor
The area of Lienz had been settled since the Bronze Age about 2000 BC. Celtic people lived here from about 300 BC on, mainly as miners, who came under control of the Roman Empire in 15 BC. It was incorporated into the province of Noricum and Emperor Claudius had a municipium called "Aguntum" erected near Lienz in the today"s municipality of Dölsach. "Aguntum" became the see of an Early Christian bishop in the 5th century but decayed during the Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps about 600.

Lienz itself was first mentioned as "Luenzina" in a deed about 1030 when it together with "Patriasdorf" was a part of the Patriarchate of Aquileia and then was acquired by the Counts of Gorizia, who chose Lienz as a residence. It received city rights on February 25, 1242 and in 1278 the Counts finished "Schloss Bruck", a castle that until 1500 served as their local seat. When the Gorizia dynasty became extinct in 1500 their estates were bequeathed to Maximilian I of Habsburg and were incorporated into the County of Tyrol.

After World War I the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol was awarded to the Kingdom of Italy under the terms of the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain, making the Lienz district of East Tyrol an exclave with no territorial connection to North Tyrol. After the 1938 annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany ("Anschluss"), the Lienz district became a part of the "Reichsgau" of Carinthia.

On May 8, 1945 British forces occupied Lienz, which together with Carinthia and Styria became part of the UK occupation zone. At this time several thousand members of the former Wehrmacht 1st Cossack Division coming from Yugoslavia had arrived in and around Lienz. They surrendered to the British troops but were forcibly repatriated to the Soviet allies.

olitic
Seats in the municipal assembly "(Gemeinderat)" as of 2004 elections:
* Austrian People"s Party (ÖVP): 10
* Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ): 5
* Independent: 3
* The Greens: 2
* Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ): 1

ransportatio
Lienz is located at a road junction between the "Drautalstraße" highway, leading from Carinthia to the Puster Valley in the Italian province of Bolzano-Bozen ("B100"), and the "Felbertauernstraße" ("B108") from Lienz to Mittersill in Salzburg. It is also connected by the "Drautalbahn" railway line from Villach to Innichen in Bolzano-Bozen.

otable peopl
*Raimund Abraham, architect, born July 23, 1933 in Lienz
*Josef "Pepi" Stiegler, skiing champion, father of US skier Resi Stiegler, was born April 20, 1937 in Lienz
*Beda Weber, author, theologian and member of the Frankfurt Parliament, born 26 October 26, 1798 in Lienz, died February 28, 1859 in Frankfurt am Main
* Alexander Lugger, born May 8, 1968 in Lienz, Austrian ski mountaineer and coach of the national team.

eighboring municipalitie
By the consistent growth of the city, some smaller villages around - though officially municipalities in their own right - are now widely considered to be suburbs of Lienz. Those suburbs comprise:

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Lienz is twinned with:
* Gorizia, Italy
* Jackson, Wyoming, United States
* Selçuk, Turkey

ee als
* The Betrayal of Cossacks
* Dolomitenmann





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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.11.2018 01:28 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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