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Leverkusen

Germany, Leverkusen
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"Leverkusen" is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the eastern bank of the Rhine, half way between Cologne and Düsseldorf.

istor
Dating to the 12th century as Wiesdorf, the Leverkusen area was rural until the late 19th century.

;Chemical facility: In 1860, Wiesdorf was chosen by the apothecary Carl Leverkus for establishing a dye factory. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891. The company moved its office to Wiesdorf in 1912, turning the town into the centre of German chemical industry. In World War II, the Bayer (Standard Oil/IG Farben) plant was bombed on August 22, 1943, and during the Battle of Berlin (air) on November 19/20 and December 10/11, 1943.

Leverkusen was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf. In 1975, Opladen (including Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.

Main sights and places of interest
Morsbroich Castle

* BayArena - stadium and home of the Bayer Leverkusen.
* Bayer Cross Leverkusen - one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world
* Schloss-Morsbroich - moated castle in the baroque style
* Water Tower Leverkusen-Bürrig - 72.45 metres high water reservoir containing an observation deck
* Neuland Park - large park beside the Rhine
* Japanese Garden - A garden created by Carl Duisberg at 1923.
* Bayer Media Cladding - Until 2009 will arise the world biggest Media Cladding next to the Carl Duisberg Park




nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Leverkusen is twinned with:


Notable people
* Jörg Bergmeister, racing driver
* Bärbel Dieckmann, politician
* Heidemarie Ecker-Rosendahl, athlete and olympic medalist
* Danny Ecker, athlete, son of Heidemarie Ecker-Rosendahl
* Hans Kühne, plant manager of IG Farben"s (Bayer) plant in Leverkusen during World War II, acquitted of crimes against humanity in the IG Farben Trial
* Dietmar Mögenburg, athlete
* Detlef Schrempf, former NBA basketball player
* Felix Sturm, middleweight boxer
* Wolf Vostell, painter
* Werner Wenning, chairman of the board of Bayer AG


eference


iteratur
* Blaschke, Stefan (1999): "Unternehmen und Gemeinde: Das Bayerwerk im Raum Leverkusen 1891-1914" Cologne: SH-Verlag, ISBN 3-89498-068-0 (German)
* Archive of Leverkusen (2005): "Leverkusen. Geschichte einer Stadt am Rhein." Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, ISBN 3-89534-575-X (German)
* Franz Gruß (1987): "Geschichte und Porträt der Stadt Leverkusen." Leverkusen: Verlag Anna Gruß, ISBN 393047803X (German)






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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 11.08.2022 19:23 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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