Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Lelystad

Netherlands, Lelystad
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  

Sunset over the IJsselmeer, bordering Lelystad.

"Lelystad" () is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. The city, built on reclaimed land, was founded in 1967 and was named after Cornelis Lely, who engineered the Afsluitdijk, making the reclaiming possible. Lelystad is approximately 5 metres (16 ft) below sea level.

andscap
Lelystad is area-wise the largest municipality in the Netherlands. A big part of that area is water: Markermeer and IJsselmeer. Another major area is the internationally famous nature park Oostvaardersplassen, which spontaneously grew when the polder of "South Flevoland" was drained. Lelystad is also surrounded by a square of woodlands and parks and flat farmland. The location of the city makes weather and skies especially beautiful. The importance of the landscape and sky is emphasized by several pieces of land art: engineers" work and arts like the "Observatorium" by Robert Morris (see below).

ouris
Lelystad has several tourist attractions like:
* The replica of the 17th-century ship "Batavia" at the .
* centre ().
* a fleet of historical sailing ships
*
*

Lelystad has many one-day events like the , the , the , , Architecture day and several sports events. On the Midland Circuit many motor-, karting- and stock car racing events and several autoclub meetings are held. At the coast there are several marinas.

ransportatio
Lelystad has a good infrastructure. Lelystad can be reached by air, water, and land.
* Air: Lelystad is a small satellite of the national airport Schiphol.
* Water: Lelystad has its own inland port, several marinas and canals that also help to manage the water levels in the polder. One of these lakes is called Zuigerplas, which means "Sucker-lake": it is so named because it is in a hollow that was made by a suction dredger taking sand from the wrong place; near it is a wood called Zuigerplasbos.
* Rail: Station Lelystad Centrum connects the city with Almere and Amsterdam. The Hanzelijn is an extension of this line towards Dronten. Kampen and Zwolle. There is possibility for a second station in Lelystad - Lelystad Zuid.
* Motorway: at the eastern side of Lelystad runs the A6 motorway from Amsterdam to the North. Through Lelystad the west-to-east N302 runs from Hoorn to Kootwijk.



hield and fla
left rightThe honeycomb grid in the arms of Lelystad pictures the dykes, built with six-edged concrete or basalt blocks. The colour gold indicates the high costs of the project of making the polder. The centre shield is the arms of engineer Cornelis Lely. The sealions reflect the history of the land.

In the flag, again the Fleur-de-lis (lily) takes a central point, referring to the name Lely. The yellow (golden) background reflect the precious land, and the blue lines the dykes and waterways.

istor
Lelystad is built on the seabed of the former Zuiderzee. About 6500 years ago this wetland was above the high tide level and inhabited; the Netherlands have steadily subsided since. Nearby Lelystad at Swifterbant, the oldest human skeletons in Western Europe were discovered. Due to rising water levels and storms, the peatlands were washed away, and the Lacus Flevo (Roman times) grew to be the Almere (Middle Ages) and became the Zuiderzee. The Zuiderzee (Southern Sea) was the main transport route from Amsterdam to the North Sea and the Hanseatic League cities. Thanks to the many shipwrecks in Flevoland, Lelystad now houses the National Centre for Maritime History, with a museum and the shipyard that has built the Batavia replica.

After the Second World War the Zuiderzee Works continued by making the polder of Eastern Flevoland. In 1950 work commenced on several construction islands in the middle of the IJsselmeer. "Lelystad-Haven" was the largest island, and its wooden barracks housed a community of dyke-builders. In 1955 they reached the mainland, which made it possible to drive to Lelystad by car. One of the three pumping stations, which drained the polder in June 1957, was the diesel powered "Wortman" in Lelystad-Haven. Until 1967 the only inhabitants of Lelystad were technical engineers and workmen and superintendents, living on the former construction-island.

For more information on Lelystad"s history, you can visit the .

utur
As mentioned above, the Hanzelijn project is a planned railway line from Lelystad to Dronten, Kampen and Zwolle.

The Zuiderzeelijn is a railway study-project which could connect Lelystad with Emmeloord, Heerenveen and Groningen. In one variation the Zuiderzeelijn would be a magnetic levitation train line providing a faster connection between Amsterdam and Groningen. Another more realistic variation would be a "normal", electrified train track allowing speeds up to 200 km/h.

Other plans for the near future include the development of the coastal area (Lelystad borders both the Markermeer and the IJsselmeer) for tourist and commercial purposes.

orn in Lelysta
* Thijs van Valkengoed (*1983), Dutch breaststroke swimmer

xternal link
* Photopages:
** from the dykes,
**
**
** "s
*
*
*




Category:Settlements established in 1967
Category:Cities, towns and villages in Flevoland
Category:Municipalities of Flevoland
Category:Cities in the Netherlands
Category:Provincial capitals of the Netherlands

af:Lelystad
br:Lelystad
bg:Лелистад
ca:Lelystad
cs:Lelystad
cy:Lelystad
da:Lelystad
de:Lelystad
es:Lelystad
eo:Lelystad
eu:Lelystad
fa:لیلی‌استاد
fr:Lelystad
gl:Lelystad
id:Lelystad
it:Lelystad
jv:Lelystad
lt:Lelistadas
li:Lelystad
ms:Lelystad
nl:Lelystad
nds-nl:Lelystad
ja:レリスタット
no:Lelystad
oc:Lelystad
pl:Lelystad
pt:Lelystad
ro:Lelystad
ru:Лелистад
simple:Lelystad
sr:Лелистад
fi:Lelystad
sv:Lelystad
uk:Лелістад
vo:Lelystad
war:Lelystad
zh:莱利斯塔德
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 05.07.2022 09:05 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
Category:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Cities in the NetherlandsCategory:Cities, towns and villages in North HollandCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the NetherlandsCategory:Port cities and towns of the
Category:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Cities in the NetherlandsCategory:Cities, towns and villages in North HollandCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the NetherlandsCategory:Port cities and towns of the
Category:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Cities in the NetherlandsCategory:Cities, towns and villages in North HollandCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the NetherlandsCategory:Port cities and towns of the
Category:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Cities in the NetherlandsCategory:Cities, towns and villages in North HollandCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the NetherlandsCategory:Port cities and towns of the
Category:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Cities in the NetherlandsCategory:Cities, towns and villages in North HollandCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the NetherlandsCategory:Port cities and towns of the
Category:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Cities in the NetherlandsCategory:Cities, towns and villages in North HollandCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the NetherlandsCategory:Port cities and towns of the
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
There comes a time in everyone’s life when they have to address the age-old question: “What do you want to be when you grow up?” As a child, it’s easy to pick all the awesome jobs such as the president, an astronaut, or a rock star. However,
Einer der ältesten Nationalparks Europas soll frei von neuen Staudämmen bleiben. 97.804 Menschen unterzeichneten ein Protestschreiben gegen den geplanten Bau zweier großer Wasserkraftwerke im Mavrovo Nationalpark in Mazedonien, das heute dem
Greece's parliament on Tuesday said it will move ahead with a renewed demand to pursue World War II reparations from Germany. Speaking in parliament, leftist Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said it was a moral obligation for Greece to seek war
A new sleek skyscraper complex on the bank of the Main River that runs through Frankfurt will be the new headquarters of the European Central Bank (ECB). Frankfurt (dpa) - The new headquarters, constructed at the site of an old wholesale fruit and
Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras is scheduled to hold talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Wednesday in an effort to boost economic cooperation, investment and trade relations between the two countries. Athens (dpa) - Ahead
The threat of terrorist attacks in the European Union remains high, the head of the bloc's law-enforcement agency said Tuesday, warning of the dangers posed by the Islamic State extremist militia and the al-Qaeda terrorist group. Brussels (dpa) -
Wetter

Amsterdam


(05.07.2022 09:05)

-2 / 3 °C


06.07.2022
-2 / 0 °C
07.07.2022
-1 / 1 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum