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Leipzig

Germany, Leipzig
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A map from Meyers Encyclopedia depicting the Battle of Leipzig on 18 October 1813

Leipzig Old City

Atrium of the Academy of Visual Arts

Porsche Diamond, the customer centre building of Porsche Leipzig

"MDR", one of Germany"s public broadcasters

City-Hochhaus Leipzig

"Mädler-Passage", one of Leipzig"s many passageways.

New Trade Fair

"Palais Roßbach", one of the many Gründerzeit-buildings in Leipzig

Inside Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (Central Railway Station)

The Federal Administrative Court of Germany at night
Leipzig Neues Rathaus


"Leipzig" (, also called "Leipsic" in English; ) is, with a population of 515,459, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.

istor
rigin
Leipzig"s name is derived from the Slavic word "Lipsk", which means "settlement where the lime trees stand".Hanswilhelm Haefs. "Das 2. Handbuch des nutzlosen Wissens". ISBN 3831137544

First documented in 1015 in the chronicles of Bishop Thietmar of Merseburg and endowed with city and market privileges in 1165 by Otto the Rich, Leipzig has fundamentally shaped the history of Saxony and of Germany. Leipzig has always been known as a place of commerce. The Leipzig Trade Fair, which began in the Middle Ages, is the oldest remaining trade fair in the world. It became an event of international importance.

The foundation of the University of Leipzig in 1409 initiated the city"s development into a centre of German law and the publishing industry, and towards being a location of the Reichsgericht (High Court), and the German National Library (founded in 1912). The philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born in Leipzig in 1646, and attended the university from 1661–1666.

he 19th centur
The Leipzig region was the arena of the Battle of the Nations, which ended Napoleon"s run of conquest in Europe, and led to his first exile on Elba. In 1913, the Völkerschlachtdenkmal monument celebrating the centenary of this event was completed.

A terminal of the first German long distance railway to Dresden (the capital of Saxony), in 1839, Leipzig became a hub of Central European railway traffic, with the renowned Leipzig Central Station, the largest terminal station by area in Europe.
Augustusplatz with Leipzig Opera House, around 1900
Leipzig expanded rapidly towards one million inhabitants. Huge Gründerzeit areas were built, which mostly survived both war and post-war demolition.

Leipzig became a centre of the German and Saxon liberal movements. The first German labour party, the General German Workers" Association ("Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein", ADAV) was founded in Leipzig on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle; about 600 workers from across Germany travelled to the foundation on the new railway line.

he 20th centur

The city"s mayor from 1930 to 1937, Carl Friedrich Goerdeler was a noted opponent of the Nazi regime in Germany. He resigned in 1937 when, in his absence, his Nazi deputy ordered the destruction of the city"s statue of Felix Mendelssohn. On Kristallnacht in 1938, one of the city"s most architecturally significant buildings, the 1855 Moorish Revival Leipzig synagogue was deliberately destroyed.

The city was also heavily damaged by Allied bombing during World War II. American troops of the 69th Infantry Division captured the city on 20 April 1945. The U.S. turned over the city to the Red Army as it pulled back from the line of contact with Soviet forces in July 1945 to the pre-designated occupation zone boundaries. Leipzig became one of the major cities of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).

In the mid-20th century, the city"s Trade Fair assumed renewed importance as a point of contact with the Comecon Eastern Europe economic bloc, of which East Germany was a member.

In October 1989, after prayers for peace at St. Nicholas" Church, established in 1983 as part of the peace movement, the Monday demonstrations started as the most prominent mass protest against the East German regime.David Brebis (ed.), "Michelin guide to Germany", Greenville (2006), p. 324. ISBN 086699077417 "BBC" + video

Leipzig was the German candidate for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but did not make it to the short list.

ultur
ain sight
*St. Thomas Church (Thomaskirche): Most famous as the place where Johann Sebastian Bach worked as a cantor and home to the renowned "Thomaner" choir
*Völkerschlachtdenkmal (Battle of the Nations Monument): the largest monument in Europe, built to commemorate the victorious battle against Napoleonic troops
*"Gewandhaus": home to the famous Gewandhaus Orchestra, it is the third building of that name
*"Altes Rathaus": the old city hall was built in 1556 and houses a museum of the city"s history
*"Neues Rathaus": the new city hall was built upon the remains of the "Pleißenburg", a castle that was the site of the 1519 debate between Johann Eck and Martin Luther in 1519
*City-Hochhaus Leipzig: built in 1972, it was once part of the university and is the city"s tallest building
*Auerbachs Keller: a young Goethe ate and drank here while studying in Leipzig; it is the venue of a scene from his Faust
*Städtisches Kaufhaus (municipal department store): the world"s first sample fair building and today home to offices, retail stores, restaurants and interim classrooms for the University of Leipzig (its name is misleading, as it is privately owned)
*Bundesverwaltungsgericht: Germany"s federal administrative court was the site of the Reichsgericht, the highest state court between 1888 and 1945
*The Leipzig Botanical Garden is the oldest botanical garden in Germany

Among Leipzig"s noteworthy institutions are the opera house and the Leipzig Zoo, the latter of which houses the world"s largest facilities for primates. The Church of St. Nicholas (Nikolaikirche) was the starting point of peaceful Monday demonstrations for the reunification of Germany. Leipzig"s international trade fair in the north of the city is home to the world"s largest levitated glass hall. Leipzig is also known for its passageways through houses and buildings.

usic and Arts in Leipzi
"see also :Category:Music from Leipzig"

Johann Sebastian Bach worked in Leipzig from 1723 to 1750, at the St. Thomas Lutheran church, and Richard Wagner the composer was born in Leipzig in 1813, in the Brühl. Robert Schumann was also active in Leipzig music, having been invited by Felix Mendelssohn when the latter established Germany"s first musical conservatoire in the city in 1843. Gustav Mahler was second conductor (working under Artur Nikisch) at the Leipzig Theater from June 1886 until May 1888, and achieved his first great recognition while there by completing and publishing Carl Maria von Weber"s opera Die Drei Pintos, and Mahler also completed his own 1st Symphony while living there.

This conservatoire is today the . A broad range of subjects can be studied, both artistic and teacher training, in all orchestral instruments, voice, interpretation, coaching, piano chamber music, orchestral conducting, choir conducting and musical composition. Musical styles include jazz, popular music, musicals, early music and church music. The drama departments teach acting and dramaturgy. Advanced students may, after a test, stand in for members of the Gewandhaus Orchestra. As at 2006, approximately 900 students were enrolled at the school.

The city"s musical tradition is also reflected in the worldwide fame of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra and the choir of the St. Thomas Church.

The city’s arts highlight is the Neo Rauch retrospective opening in April 2010 at the Leipzig Museum of Fine Arts. This is a show devoted to the father of the New Leipzig School of artists. According to the , this scene "has been the toast of the contemporary art world" in the past decade. Further there are eleven galleries in the so-called , a former cotton mill that attracts all kinds of independent artists.

Leipzig is known for its independent music scene and subcultural events. Its most famous indie-labels are Moon Harbour Recordings and Kann Records.

Bill and Tom Kaulitz - the founding members of modern rock band Tokio Hotel - also originate from Leipzig, although no longer live there.

Till Lindemann, vocalist for the Neue Deutsche Härte band Rammstein, also hails from Leipzig.

As for contemporary music, Leipzig has for more than 10 years been home to the world"s largest electronic music festival, the annual Wave-Gotik-Treffen (WGT), where thousands of electro fans from across Europe gather in the early summer.

nnual event
*Auto Mobil International (AMI) motor show
*AMITEC, trade fair for vehicle maintenance, care, servicing and repairs in Germany and Central Europe
*A capella: vocal music festival
*"Bachfest": Johann Sebastian Bach-festival
*Christmas market (since 1767)
*"Dokfestival": international festival for documented and animated film
*GC - Games Convention: video game & developers convention
*: contemporary jazz festival
*: (August) Emancipatoric, feminist Punk & Electro Festival
*Leipzig Book Fair: the second largest German book fair
*"Stadtfest": city festival
*"Wave-Gotik-Treffen" at Pentecost: world"s largest goth or "dark culture" festival
*: independent music trade fair and festival

por
The German Football Association (DFB) was founded in Leipzig in 1900. The city was the venue for the 2006 FIFA World Cup draw, and hosted four first-round matches and one match in the last 16th round in the Zentralstadion. Leipzig also hosted the Fencing World Cup in 2005 and hosts a number of international competitions in a variety of sports each year.

Since the beginning of the 20th century Icehockey gained popularity and several local clubs established departments dedicated to that sporthttp://www.sportmuseum-leipzig.de/Ablage-Zeitung/4-2001/seite-5_A.htm. Today the Blue Lions Leipzig is the most famous Icehockey club in town.

VfB Leipzig, now 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig, won the first national football championship in 1903.

From 1950 to 1990 Leipzig was host of the Deutsche Hochschule für Körperkultur (DHfK), the national sport university of the GDR.
It"s sportclub, the SC DHfK Leipzig, is the world"s most successful sportclub in numbers of Olympic and World Cup Medals.

Handball-Club Leipzig is one of the most successful Women"s Handball clubs in Germany, winning 20 domestic championships since 1956 and 3 Champions League titles.

Two-time World Cup Uneven Bars Champion and Olympic Medalist (1976, 1980) in gymnastics, Steffi Kraker was born in Leipzig.

In 2004, Leipzig made a bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games. The bid did not make the final cut after the IOC paired the bids down to 5, which eventually was won by London. It was the first Summer Olympic bid by Germany since 1993 when Berlin"s bid to host the 2000 Summer Olympics were awarded to Sydney.

Markkleeberger See is a new lake next to Markkleeberg, a suburb on the south side of Leipzig. A former open-pit coal mine, it was flooded in 1999 with groundwater and developed in 2006 as a tourist area. On its southeastern shore is Germany"s only pump-powered artificial whitewater slalom course, the Kanupark Markkleeberg, a venue which rivals the Eiskanal in Augsburg for training and international canoe/kayak competition.

In June 2009 Red Bull made a second attempt to enter the local football market after being denied to buy itself into FC Sachsen Leipzig in 2006. The newly founded RB Leipzig now attempts to climb through the ranks of German football in order to bring Bundesliga football back to the regionhttp://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,631450,00.html.

Two Leipzig based teams are members of the Unihockey-Bundesliga, the German Premiere Floorball league. The MFBC Löwen Leipzig were runner-up in 2009, the SC DHFK Leipzig in 2008.

ducatio
Leipzig University, founded 1409, is one of Europe"s oldest universities. Nobel Prize laureate Werner Heisenberg worked here as a physics professor (from 1927 to 1942), as did Nobel Prize laureates Gustav Ludwig Hertz (physics), Wilhelm Ostwald (chemistry) and Theodor Mommsen (Nobel Prize in literature). Other former staff of faculty include mineralogist Georg Agricola, writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, philosopher Ernst Bloch, eccentric founder of psychophysics Gustav Theodor Fechner, and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt. Among the university"s many noteworthy students were writers Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Erich Kästner, philosophers Gottfried Leibniz and Friedrich Nietzsche, political activist Karl Liebknecht, and composer Richard Wagner. Germany"s chancellor since 2006, Angela Merkel, studied physics at . The university has about 30,000 students.

The "Academy of Visual Arts" (Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst) was established 1764. Its 530 students (as of 2006) are enrolled in courses in painting and graphics, book design/graphic design, photography and media art. The school also houses an Institute for Theory.

The University of Music and Theatre offers a broad range of subjects ranging from training in orchestral instruments, voice, interpretation, coaching, piano chamber music, orchestral conducting, choir conducting and musical composition to acting and dramaturgy.

The "Leipzig University of Applied Sciences" (, HTWK) is with about 6200 students (as of 2007) the second biggest institution of higher education in Leipzig. It was founded in 1992, merging several older schools. As a university of applied sciences (German: "Fachhochschule") it is slightly below the status of a university, with more emphasis on the practical part of the education. The HTWK offers many engineering courses, as well as courses of computer sciences, mathematics, business administration, library sciences, museum studies, and social work. It is mainly located in the south of the city.

The private Handelshochschule Leipzig (HHL), or Leipzig Graduate School of Management, is the oldest business school in Germany.

Among the research institutes located in Leipzig three belong to the Max Planck Society (for , and ) and two are Fraunhofer Society institutes. Others are the , part of the , and the Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research.

conom
Companies in or around Leipzig include:
*Amazon
*Blüthner: piano-manufacturing
*BMW
*Porsche
*Siemens
*DHL
Many bars, restaurants and stores found in the "centre city" region rely on German and foreign tourists. The Leipzig Central Station itself is the location of one of the largest shopping centres.

Some of the largest employers in the area (outside of manufacturing) include the various schools and universities in and around the Leipzig/Halle region. The University of Leipzig attracts millions of Euros of investment yearly and is in the middle of a massive construction and refurbishment in order to celebrate their 600th anniversary.

DHL is in the process of transferring the bulk of its European air operations from Brussels Airport to Leipzig/Halle Airport. The airport is also a major source of income for the area and offers many flights daily through Lufthansa, Germany"s main carrier.

edi
*MDR, one of Germany"s public broadcasters, has its headquarters and main television studios in the city. It provides programs to various TV and radio networks and has its own symphony orchestra, choir and a ballet.
*"Leipziger Volkszeitung" ("LVZ") is the city"s only daily newspaper. Founded in 1894, it has published under several different forms of government. It was the first newspaper in the world that was published daily. The monthly magazine "Kreuzer" specializes on culture, festivities and the arts in Leipzig.
*Once known for its large number of publishing houses, Leipzig had been called "Buch-Stadt" (book city).
*
*






Category:Cities in Saxony



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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.05.2022 14:02 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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