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Le Mans

France, Le Mans
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"Le Mans" () is a city in ance, located on the Sarthe River. Traditionally the capital of the province of Maine, it is now the capital of the Sarthe departmt and the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Le Mans. Le Mans is a part of the Pays de la Loire region.

Its inhabitants are called "Manceaux" and "Mancelles". It has be host to the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans sports car race since 1923.

istor
First mtioned by Ptolemy"Geography" 2.8.8, the Roman city "Vindinium" or "Vindunum" was the capital of the Aulerci, a sub tribe of the Aedui. Le Mans is also known as "Civitas Comanorum" (City of the Comani). Their city, seized by the Romans in 47 BC, lies in the ancit Roman province of Gallia Lugdunsis. An amphitheatre built in the third ctury AD is still visible, but the "thermae" were demolished during the crisis of the third ctury to build the city"s walls, which remain some of the most complete circuit of Gallo-Roman city walling that survives.

Gaul-Roman walls.

Gregory of Tours mtions a ankish sub-king Rigomer, who was killed by King Clovis I in his campaign to unite the ankish territories.

As the principal city of Maine, Le Mans was the stage for struggles in the elevth ctury betwe the counts of Anjou and the dukes of Normandy. Wh the Normans had control of Maine, William the Conqueror was able to successfully invade England; however in 1069 the citizs revolted and expelled the Normans, which led to Hugh being proclaimed count of Maine. Geoffrey V of Anjou married Mathilde in the cathedral, where Hry II Plantagt, king of England, was baptized.

ain sight
* Le Mans has a well-preserved old town ("Cité Plantagêt", also called "Vieux Mans"), where the cobbled streets and half-timbered house fronts provided setting for Gérard Depardieu in "Cyrano de Bergerac" (1989) and a cathedral: Cathédrale St-Juli, is dedicated to St Julian of Le Mans, who is honoured as the city"s first bishop.
* There are remnants of a Roman wall in the old town and Roman baths by the river.
* Arboretum de la Grand Prée
* Jardin des Plantes du Mans
* Musée de la reine Bérgère, a museum of Le Mans history

emographic
At the 1999 ch csus, there were 293,159 inhabitants in the metropolitan area ("aire urbaine") of Le Mans, with 146,105 of these living in the city proper (commune).

source : http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/psdc.htm

ransportatio
Le Mans inaugurated a new light rail system on 17 November 2007.http://www.railwaygazette.com/news_view/article/2008/01/8062/le_mans_light_rail_takes_off.html

por
otorspor

Dunlop Curve

The city is best known for its connection with motorsports. There are actually two separate racing tracks at Le Mans, though they share certain portions. The smaller is the Bugatti Circuit (named after Ettore Bugatti, founder of the car company bearing his name), a relatively short permant circuit which is used for racing throughout the year. The longer and more famous Circuit de la Sarthe is composed partly of public roads, which are closed to the public wh the track is in use for racing, and has be host to the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans sports car race since 1923. Boutiques and shops are set up during the race selling merchandise and promoting products for cars. The first ch Grand Prix took place on a 64-mile (103 km) circuit based at Le Mans in 1906. The "Le Mans start" takes its name from the way racers lined up across the street from their cars and ran across the street and jumped into their cars to begin.

asketbal
*Le Mans Sarthe Basket

ootbal
*Le Mans UC72

yclin
*Circuit de la Sarthe (cycling)

otable peopl
Le Mans was the birthplace of:

* Hry II of England, born 1133
* Geoffroy V d"Anjou, born 1113
* Geoffrey de Goreham or Gorron, became Abbot of St Albans, Hertfordshire, UK, in 1119
* Dom Louis Le Pelletier, born 1663, linguist of the Breton language
* Gilles-ançois de Beauvais, born 7 July 1693, was a Jesuit writer and preacher.
* Basil Moreau,C.S.C, born 1799, a priest of Le Mans founded the Congregation of Holy Cross. Beatified in Le Mans 2007.
* the Papin sisters whose act of murder (1933) inspired Jean Gêt"s "The Maids".
* Jean Rondeau, born in 1946, racecar driver and constructor
* ançois Fillon, born in 1954, Prime Minister of ance.
* Juli Cottereau, born 1969, actor and clown - Cirque du Soleil, now in his own show Imagine Toi.
* Sébasti Bourdais, born 1979, racecar driver
* Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, born 1985, professional tnis player.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Le Mans is twinned with:
* Bolton, United Kingdom
* Haouza, Western Sahara
* Paderborn, Germany—officially since 1967, traditionally since 836 (oldest partnership of its kind in Europe).
* Rostov-on-Don, Russia
* Suzuka, Japan
* Volos, Greece
* Xianyang, China
* Alexandria, Egypt

astronom
The culinary specialty of Le Mans is "rillettes", a shredded pork pâté.

andmark
At Mayet, near Le Mans, and with a height of 342 m, the Le Mans-Mayet transmitter is one of the tallest radio masts in ance.

orld War I
After the liberation of the area by Allied Forces in 1944, gineers of the Ninth Air Force IX Engineering Command began construction of a combat Advanced Landing Ground outside of the town. Declared operational on 3 September, the airfield was designated as "A-35", it was used by several American fighter and transport units until late November wh the airfield was closed.Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Contintal Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Cter, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.

ee als
*Communes of the Sarthe departmt

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Category:Communes of Sarthe

af:Le Mans
ar:لو مان
bn:ল্য মঁস
br:Ar Mañs
bg:Льо Ман
ca:Le Mans
ceb:Le Mans
cs:Le Mans
cy:Le Mans
da:Le Mans
de:Le Mans
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es:Le Mans
eo:Le Mans
eu:Le Mans
fr:Le Mans
id:Le Mans
it:Le Mans
he:לה מאן
sw:Le Mans
lad:Le Mans
la:Comanum
lt:Le Manas
hu:Le Mans
nl:Le Mans (stad)
ja:ル・マン
no:Le Mans
nn:Le Mans
oc:Lo Mans
pl:Le Mans
pt:Le Mans
ro:Le Mans
ru:Ле-Ман
simple:Le Mans
sk:Le Mans
sl:Le Mans
sr:Ле Ман
fi:Le Mans
sv:Le Mans
tr:Le Mans (şehir)
uk:Ле-Ман
vi:Le Mans
vo:Le Mans
war:Le Mans
zh:勒芒
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.04.2018 12:04 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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