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Landskrona

Sweden, Landskrona
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"Landskrona" is a locality and the seat of Landskrona Municipality, , Sweden with 28,670 inhabitants in 2005.

istor
The city of Landskrona was founded at the location of Scania"s (at that time a part of Denmark) best natural harbour, as a means of King Eric of Pomerania"s anti-Hanseatic policy, intended to compete with Danish towns under Hanseatic control. A Carmelite monastery was founded in 1410, English merchants were granted the privileges in a royal charter in 1412, and the town itself was chartered in 1413. Landskrona was burned by the Hanseatic League in 1428.

The town supported the deposed king Christian II of Denmark (1525), and opposed the Reformation in Denmark (1535), and in both cases found itself among the defeated. The Reformist King Christian III of Denmark abstained however from retaliation, and instead founded a castle to protect the harbour. The castle, built where the monastery had been situated until the Reformation, was completed by 1560.

When Scania had been ceded to Sweden in 1658, the good harbour and the strong fort were reasons for plans to make Landskrona a commercial center of the acquired territory with extraordinary privileges for foreign trade. The castle was reinforced by bastions, the area inside the moats extended to 400x400 meters, the castle was considered the strongest and most modern in Scandinavia, but was temporarily lost to the Danes after a comparably short siege July 8-August 2, 1676. The commandant Colonel Hieronymus Lindeberg was consequently sentenced to death for high treason.

Any further plans for Landskrona were however not realized, for various reasons. The continued Swedish-Danish wars favoured Karlskrona, located at a safer distance from Denmark, replacing Landskrona as a naval base, the fortifications were discontinued, and Malmö remained the most important commercial town - despite Malmö lacking a harbour until the late 18th century. The fortifications at Landskrona were expanded considerably between 1747 and 1788, but were condemned in 1822, whereafter the garrison was abolished in 1869. The walls and moats of the fortifications are today a beautiful recreational area, commonly known as the "Landskrona Citadel."

Transport
Since January 2001 Landskrona has a new railway station on the main line between Malmö and Gothenburg along the Swedish west coast. The connection between the new station and the city centre, "The Station Shuttle," is operated with trolleybuses from 27 September 2003. Landskrona is now the only city in Sweden operating trolleybuses.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Landskrona is twinned with:
* Kołobrzeg, Poland

See als
* List of Swedish wars
* Ven, Sweden
* List of cities with trolleybuses

References


External links
* - Official site
* - Pictures from the construction of the trolleybus line (in Swedish)
* - Local Newspaper

Landskrona train station
Trolleybuses

The citadel of Landskrona
The coastline of Landskrona
One of the parks in Landskrona in autumn setting







Category:Cities, towns and villages in
Category:Municipal seats of
Category:Swedish municipal seats
Category:Coastal cities and towns in Sweden

bg:Ландскруна
cs:Landskrona
da:Landskrona
de:Landskrona
es:Landskrona
fr:Landskrona
id:Landskrona
it:Landskrona
la:Coronia
hu:Landskrona
nl:Landskrona (stad)
no:Landskrona
pl:Landskrona
pt:Landskrona
ro:Landskrona
ru:Ландскруна
sk:Landskrona
sr:Ландскруна
sv:Landskrona
tr:Landskrona
uk:Ландскруна
vo:Landskrona
zh:兰斯克鲁纳
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 10.12.2018 05:59 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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