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Lahti

Finland, Lahti
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"Lahti" () is a city and municipality in Finland.

Lahti is the capital of the Päijänne Tavastia region. It is situated on a bay at the southern end of lake Vesijärvi about north-east of the capital Helsinki. In English, the Finnish word Lahti literally means "bay" and Vesijärvi means "water lake".

The symbol of the city depicts a train wheel surrounded by sparkling flames.

istor

Lahti was first mentioned in documents in 1445. The village belonged to the parish of Hollola and was located at the medieval trade route of Ylinen Viipurintie, which linked the towns of Hämeenlinna and Vyborg.

Lahti town plan from 1878 by Alfred Caween.
A map of Lahti made by Nils Westermark in 1750-1752.
The completion of the Riihimäki – St. Petersburg railway line in 1870 and the Vesijärvi canal in 1871 turned Lahti into a lively station, and industrial installations began to spring up around it. For a long time, the railway station at Vesijärvi Harbour was the second busiest station in Finland. Craftsmen, merchants, a few civil servants and a lot of industrial workers soon mixed in with the existing agricultural peasantry.

On 19 June 1877, almost the entire village was burned to the ground. However, the accident proved to be a stroke of luck for the development of the place, as it led to the authorities resuming their deliberations about establishing a town in Lahti. The village was granted market town rights in 1878 and an empire-style, grid town plan was approved, which included a large market square and wide boulevards. This grid plan still forms the basis of the city center. Most of the buildings were low wooden houses bordering the streets.

Lahti was founded during a period of severe economic recession. The Russian Empire was encumbered by the war against Turkey. The recession also slowed down the building of the township: land would not sell and often plots were not built on for some time. In its early years, the town with its meagre 200 inhabitants was too small to provide and kind of foundation for trade. At the end of the 1890s, Lahti’s Township Board increased its efforts to enable Lahti to be turned into a city. In spring 1904, the efforts finally bore fruit as the Senate approved of the application, although it was another eighteen months before Tsar Nicholas II finally gave his blessing and issued an ordinance for establishing the city of Lahti.

At the end of 1905, the area that now comprises Lahti accommodated around 8,200 people of whom just under 3,000 lived in the city itself. All essential municipal institutions were built in just ten years, including a hospital
and a city hall. At the same time, a rapid increase in brick houses was taking place in the centre of the city.

In the early 1920s the city gained possession of the grounds of the Lahti Manor, an important piece of land previously blocking the city from the lake. Large-scale industrial operations grew rapidly in the 1930s as did the population; Lahti, at the time, was one of Finland’s fastest-growing cities, and before the start of the Winter War its population was approaching 30,000.

Through the addition of new areas in 1924, 1933 and 1956, Lahti grew, both in terms of population and surface area. Especially strong was the growth after the wars, when Lahti accepted about 10,000 immigrants from Karelia, after the region was surrendered to the Soviet Union, and then later in the 1960 and 70"s as a result of mass urbanization. The population growth came to a sharp end in 1975 and the city has since grown very little.
ultur

Sibelius Hall

Lahti harbors cultural ambitions, and recent years saw the building of a large congress and concert center, the Sibelius Hall. This has sparked much controversy amongst the population, many of whom feel that the money used for these purposes
would be better spent on health care and education. Lahti has perhaps the best known symphony orchestra in Finland, Lahti Symphony Orchestra ("Sinfonia Lahti"). It concentrates on Sibelius"s music.

Lahti’s annual music festival programme includes such events as Lahti Organ Festival, Jazz at the market place and Sibelius Festival.

port

Lahti Sports Center – Ski jumps
Lahti Sports Center – Stadium
Lahti is best known for its annually held World Cup winter games, the Lahti Ski Games (Salpausselän kisat). Ski jumping events of Lahti Ski Games are part of the Nordic Tournament.

The city endeavors for achievements in sport, which has led to such things as the hosting of a World Games event. As of 2007, it is the only city to host the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships six times, doing so in 1926, 1938, 1958, 1978, 1989, and 2001.

The city also has an ice hockey team, the Lahden Pelicans, and an Association Football (soccer) club, FC Lahti. In July-August 2009, Lahti hosted the 18th World Masters Athletics Championships, an outdoor age-group track meet for men and women 35 and over.

ducatio
Lahden Yhteiskoulu from 1896
Lahti Folk High School

In the educational sector, Lahti is modest.

Its greatest asset is the highly valued Institute of Design, which is a part of Lahti University of Applied Sciences. The institute has gained international recognition in particular for jewellery and industrial design. Other areas of expertise include metal, woodworking and furniture.

The Faculty of Physical Activity at Lahti University of Applied Sciences offers a bachelor"s degree programme in Sports Studies. The Sports Institute of Finland, which is based in Vierumäki near Lahti, is the most versatile centre of sports education in the country. In addition, Pajulahti Training Center, located in the neighboring town of Nastola, is one the leading sports and training centres in Finland.

Lahti is also the home of Helsinki University"s department of Environmental and Ecological Sciences (Faculty of Biosciences). It"s the only science department of the University of Helsinki located outside the greater Helsinki area.







Image:Lahti - Level of Education.png

conom

The economic region of Lahti, which includes the surrounding municipalities, was strongly affected by the collapse of Finnish-Soviet trade and by the recession in the early 1990s.

The value of production slumped, especially in the mechanical engineering industry and other manufacturing industries (e.g. the furniture industry). Production also decreased in the textile and clothing industry.
In 1990, there were 90,370 jobs in the Lahti Region. The number of jobs diminished over the next couple of years, so that in 1993 there were fewer than 70,000 jobs in the Lahti Region. The number of jobs had slowly increased to 79,138 in 1999.

Image:Lahti unemployment rate.png


In 1995, R&D expenditure was FIM 715 per person, while Finland"s average was about FIM 2050. The amount of Tekes (the National Technology Agency) funding in the Lahti Region grew 40% during 2004-2007 while the average growth in Finland was 60%.

Image:R&D Finland 2005.png


emographic

As of 31 August 2008 Lahti’s population was 99 816, making it the seventh largest city in Finland by population.



ransportatio
Railway station, built 1935 by architect Thure Hellström.
Lahti has a railway station on the Helsinki–Kontiomäki line, between Mäntsälä and Kouvola; before 2006, connections to Helsinki went via Riihimäki. The shortened railway connection is expected to boost the growth of Lahti.


Coach station, built 1939 - architect Kaarlo Könönen



Local buses leave from the market square. Bus stops are on both the Aleksanterinkatu side and the Vapaudenkatu side of the square. See also the .

oa
"Distance by road (km)"
* Helsinki 104
* Helsinki-Vantaa Airport 99
* Tampere 126
* Turku 213
* Jyväskylä 167
* Lappeenranta 148
* Kouvola 62
* Hämeenlinna 73
* Oulu 505
* Saint Petersburg 356

rivi
The asteroid 1498 Lahti was named after the city by its discoverer, the Finnish astronomer Yrjö Väisälä.

orn in Laht
* Göran Enckelman, football player
* Pasi Nurminen, former NHL goaltender
* Toni Lydman, Buffalo Sabres Ice hockey Player
* Toni Nieminen, ski jumper
* Janne Ahonen, ski jumper
* Mikko Ilonen, professional golfer
* Jari Litmanen, football player
* Aksu Hanttu, Drummer for the band Entwine
* Ilona Jokinen, soprano opera singer
* Jukka-Pekka Saraste, conductor and violinist
* Eija-Riitta Korhola, politician
* Jimi Tenor, musician
* Timo Väänänen, musician, member of the band Loituma

:"See also: :Category:People from Lahti"

nternational relation

win towns — sister citie
Lahti is twinned with:
* Västerås, Sweden (since 1940)
* Akureyri, Iceland (since 1947)
* Randers, Denmark (since 1947)
* Ålesund, Norway (since 1947)
* Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine (since 1953)
* Pécs, Hungary (since 1956)
* Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany (since 1987)
* Suhl, Germany (since 1988)
* Kaluga, Russia (since 1994)
* Narva, Estonia (since 1994, partnership agreement)
* Deyang, China (since 2000)

eference


xternal link

* – Official website
*
*
*

"Maps"
*

"Media"
* – local newspaper in Finnish
* – local newspaper in Finnish




Category:Cities and towns in Finland

Category:Municipalities of Päijänne Tavastia Region
Category:Settlements established in 1905
Category:Ski areas and resorts in Finland

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zh:拉赫蒂
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.08.2019 16:23 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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