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Kuressaare

Estonia, Kuressaare
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"Kuressaare" () is a town and a municipality on island in Estonia. It is the capital of Saare County. The current population is about 15,300.

The town is situated on the coast of Gulf of Riga and is served by Kuressaare Airport.
Kuressaare castle towers over the moat at dusk
tymolog
Its historic name "Arensburg" (from Middle High German "a(a)r:" eagle, raptor) renders the Latin denotation "arx aquilae" for the town"s castle. The fortress and the eagle, tetramorph symbol of Saint John the Evangelist, are also the depicted on Kuressaare"s coat of arms.

The name was replaced by Kuressaare (probably from Estonian "kurg:" crane) in 1918 after Estonia had declared its independence from Bolshevist Russia. Under Soviet rule the town from 1952 to 1988 was called "Kingissepa" after the Bolshevik Kuressaarenative Viktor Kingissepp killed in 1922 (not to be confused with the Russian town Kingisepp, formerly "Jamburg").

History
Kuressaare first appeared on maps around 1154. The island of (German, ) was conquered by the Livonian Brothers of the Sword under Volkwin of Naumburg in 1227, who merged with the Teutonic Knights shortly afterwards. The first documentation about the castle ("arx aquilae") has been found in Latin texts written in 1381 and 1422. The town around the fortress flourished and developed after it became the see of the Bishopric of ÖselWiek established by Albert of Riga in 1228, part of the Terra Mariana.
Town hall
Johann von Münchhausen, bishop since 1542, had turned Protestant. With the advancement of the troops of Tsar Ivan IV of Russia in the course of the Livonian War, he sold his lands to King Frederick II of Denmark in 1559 and returned to Germany. Frederick sent his younger brother Prince Magnus to Kuressaare where he was elected as bishop in the following year. From him the town obtained its civic charter, modeled after that of Riga in 1563. The bishopric was finally secularised in 1572 and Kuressaare fell to the Danish crown.

In 1645 it passed to Swedish control by the Treaty of Brömsebro after the Danish defeat in the Torstenson War. Queen Christina of Sweden granted to her favourite Magnus Gabriel de la Gardie the title of a Count of Arensburg, the German and Swedish name by which Kuressaare was known at that time. The town was burnt to the ground by Russian troops in 1710 during the Great Northern War and suffered heavily from the plague. Abandoned by the Swedish it was incorporated into the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire with the 1721 Treaty of Nystad.

During the 19th century Kuressaare became a popular seaside resort on the Baltic coast. In October 1990, Kuressaare was the first town in Estonia to regain its selfgoverning status.
The castle in spring

Culture
The medieval episcopal castle today houses the Regional Museum. Annual chamber music recitals are held in summer.

Kuressaare is a safe and healthy town, open for international cooperation and communication. It also hosts the FC Kuressaare football club.

Born in Kuressaare
*Richard Maack (18251886), naturalist
*Eugen Dücker (18411916), romantic painter
*Louis Kahn (19011974), EstonianAmerican architect
*Voldemar Väli (19031997), twotime Olympic medalist for Estonia in the sport of Men"s GrecoRoman Featherweight Wrestling.
*Bernd von FreytagLoringhoven (19142007), Bundeswehr Chief of Staff
*Ivar Karl Ugi (19302005), chemist

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Kuressaare is twinned with:
Ekenäs, Finland since 21 November 1988
Rønne, Denmark since 3 October 1991
Mariehamn, Finland since 24 October 1991
Skövde, Sweden since 23 June 1993
Vammala, Finland since 30 June 1994
Turku, Finland since 30 May 1996
Talsi, Latvia since 27 May 1998
Kuurne, Belgium since 9 August 1998

See also
* Municipalities of Estonia
* List of cities and towns in Estonia

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Category:Settlements established in the 1380s
Category:Saare County
Category:Cities and towns in Estonia
Category:Municipalities of Estonia

bg:Куресааре
cv:Курессааре
cs:Kuressaare
da:Kuressaare
de:Kuressaare
et:Kuressaare
es:Kuressaare
eo:Kuressaare
fr:Kuressaare
id:Kuressaare
os:Курессааре
it:Kuressaare
he:קורסארה
lv:Kuresāre
lt:Kuresarė
hu:Kuressaare
nl:Kuressaare
ja:クレサーレ
no:Kuressaare
nn:Kuressaare
pl:Kuressaare
pt:Kuressaare
ru:Курессааре
sr:Куресаре
fi:Kuressaari
sv:Kuressaare
tr:Kuressaare
vo:Kuressaare
fiuvro:Kurõssaarõ
zh:库雷萨雷
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 08.03.2021 14:32 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
 
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