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Krupina

Slovakia, Krupina
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"Krupina" (, ) is a town in southern central Slovakia. It is part of the Banská Bystrica Region and has 7,812 inhabitants as of 2005.

istor
The territory of modern day Krupina was inhabited since the Neolithic, based on archaeological findings from the Bronze Age. The first written reference to the town dates back to 1135. Along with Trnava, Krupina is the oldest town in Slovakia, having received town privileges in 1238. The settlement lied on the route known as "via magna", connecting the Baltic Sea with the Adriatic. After the Mongol invasion of 1241/1242, when the town was sacked, it was rebuilt and received its town privileges again in 1244 and became a "free royal town".

The "Krupina law", based on the Magdeburg rights, was the basis for many towns in central and northern Slovakia. The deposits of gold and silver ran out in the 14th century and thereafter the town"s economy was based on handicraft and agriculture. In the first half of the 15th century the town was threatened by the remains of the Hussites led by John Giskra. As the Turks advanced into the Kingdom of Hungary, the town built its town walls and sentry tower, and the Turks couldn"t capture the town until 1683. Later, Krupina was involved in the Kuruc uprisings at the beginning of the 18th century, burnt down in 1708 and suffered from a plague in 1710. The first schools were opened in the 18th century. After the break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918, the town became part of Czechoslovakia, was briefly occupied by the Slovak Soviet Republic in 1919, came back quickly into Czechoslovakia, and since 1993 has been a part of Slovakia.

eograph
Krupina lies at an altitude of above sea level and covers an area of . It lies on the Krupina Plain under the Štiavnica Mountains, halfway between Zvolen and Šahy.

emographic
According to the 2001 census, the town had 7,991 inhabitants. 97.63% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.14% Roma, 0.38% Czechs and 0.30% Hungarians. The religious make-up was 70.32% Roman Catholics, 17.91% Lutherans and 9.27% people with no religious affiliation.

artner town
* Nepomuk, Czech Republic
* Hukvaldy, Czech Republic
* Wisła, Poland
* Anykščiai, Lithuania
* Omiš, Croatia

eopl
* Andrej Sládkovič, poet

eference
"Part of the information is based on the corresponding article on the German Wikipedia


xternal link
*



Category:Cities and towns in Slovakia

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cv:Крупина
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hr:Krupina
hu:Korpona
nl:Krupina
pl:Krupina (miasto)
pt:Krupina
ro:Krupina
ru:Крупина
sk:Krupina
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.08.2019 07:19 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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