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Kosovska Mitrovica

Kosovo, Kosovska Mitrovica
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"Kosovska Mitrovica" (Albanian; "Mitrovica" or "Mitrovicë", Serbian: Косовска Митровица or "Kosovska Mitrovica"), is a city and municipality in northern Kosovo. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous district.

Since the end of the Kosovo War of 1999 it has been divided between an ethnic-Albanian-majority south and an ethnic-Serb-majority north (the whole city, however, has an Albanian majority). Its northern part is the "de facto" capital of the Serb enclave of North Kosovo.

am
The city was named "Civitas Sancti Demetrii" in the 14th century after Saint Demetrius of Thessalonikihttp://www.visiteurope.com/ccm/where_to_go/city/detail/?nav_cat=677231&lang=en_US;jsessionid=6FE43C4AE5854A5703805233DD7CA988.as2&item_url=/NTO-Serbia/unique-pages/regions/cities/kosovska-mitrovica.en, a name that later became "Mitrovica", as happened to other locations in the Balkans named after Saint Demetriushttp://www.b92.net/eng/travel/index.php?nav_id=34434http://www.dekanski.com/AD/Mitrovica/CivitasStDemetrii.htm.

After Tito"s death, when each of the constituent parts of Yugoslavia had to have one place named with the word "Tito" (or "Tito"s") included, the city was also known as "Titova Mitrovica" (Титова Митровица) in Serbian or "Mitrovica e Titos" in Albanian.

The city is known as "Kosovska Mitrovica " (Косовска Митровица) in Serbian and "Mitrovica" or "Mitrovicë" in Albanian.

istor
arly histor
The city is one of the oldest known settlements in Kosovo, being first mentioned in written documents during the Middle Ages. The name "Mitrovica" comes from the 14th century, from Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki, but there are some other legends on the origin of its name. Near Kosovska Mitrovica is the medieval fortress of Zvečan, which played an important role during the Kingdom of Serbia under Nemanjić rule.

Under Ottoman rule Kosovska Mitrovica was a typical small Oriental city. Rapid development came in the 19th century after lead ore was discovered and mined in the region, providing what has historically been one of Kosovo"s largest industries.

osovska Mitrovica during and after the Kosovo Wa

Both the town and municipality were badly affected by the 1999 Kosovo War. According to the OSCE, the area had been the scene of guerrilla activity by the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) prior to the war. It came under the command of NATO"s French sector; 7,000 French troops are stationed in the western sector with their headquarters in Kosovska Mitrovica. They were reinforced with a contingent of 1,200 troops from the United Arab Emirates, and a small number of Danish troops.

In the aftermath of the war, the town became a symbol of Kosovo"s ethnic divisions. The badly damaged southern half of the town was repopulated by an estimated 50,000 Albanians. Their numbers have since grown with the arrival of refugees from destroyed villages in the countryside. Most of the approximately 6,000 Roma fled to Serbia, or were relocated to one of two resettlement camps, Chesmin Lug, or Osterrode, in North Kosovska Mitrovica. In the north, some 8-10,000 Kosovo Serbs remained in their homes, with 2,000 Kosovo Albanians and 1,700 Muslim Slavs living in discrete enclaves on the north bank of the Ibar river. Almost all of the Serbs living on the south bank were displaced to the north. In 2003 the city had an estimated total population of 75,600 and the municipality"s population is estimated to be some 105,000.




Kosovska Mitrovica became the focus for ethnic clashes between the two communities, exacerbated by the presence of nationalist extremists on both sides. The bridges linking the two sides of the town were guarded by armed groups determined to prevent incursions by the other side. Because of the tense situation in the town, KFOR troops and the UNMIK police were stationed there in large numbers to head off trouble. However, violence and harassment was often directed against members of the "wrong" ethnic community on both sides of the river, necessitating the presence of troops and police checkpoints around individual areas of the city and even in front of individual buildings.

On March 17, 2004, the drowning of an Albanian child in the river prompted major ethnic violence in the town and a Serbian teenager was killed. Demonstrations by thousands of angry Albanians and Serbs mobilised to stop them crossing the river degenerated into rioting and gunfire, leaving at eight Albanians dead and at least 300 injured. The bloodshed sparked off the worst unrest in Kosovo seen since the end of the 1999 war.

A Bosniak resident of southern Mitrovica was murdered after being overheard speaking Serbianhttp://balkanproject.org/roma/mitrovica.shtml.

The local prison was the scene of an international incident on April 18, 2004 when Ahmad Mustafa Ibrahim, a Jordanian policeman working as a UN prison guard, opened fire on a group of UN police officers leaving a class, killing three.



osovo independenc
Tensions rose considerably in the city of Kosovska Mitrovica after the Kosovo declared independence on February 17, 2008. Some 150 Kosovo Serb police officers refused to take orders from the ethnic Albanian authorities and were suspended.

Serb protesters prevented ethnic Albanian court employees from crossing the bridge over the Ibar River. UN police raided and seized the courthouse on March 14 using tear gas against Serbs and leaving some of them wounded.

The explosion of a hand-grenade injured several UN and NATO staff on March 17; UN forces were later withdrawn from the northern part of Mitrovica.BBC, , 17.03.08

The Serbian minority has formed the Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija in the city, but it has no police force. Serbs refuse to accept the jurisdiction of Kosovo courts. Republic of Kosovo leaders have expressed concern over the future of the region, stating their commitment to keep Kosovska Mitrovica part of Kosovo and prevent crime or war there.

emographic

Before the 1999 Kosovo War, the municipality had a population estimated by the OSCE to comprise some 116,500 people, 81% of them Kosovo Albanian, 10% Serb and the remainder other nationalities (notably Roma). Most of the non-Albanians lived in the town of Kosovska Mitrovica, which had a population of 68,000 – 71% Kosovo Albanian, with approximately 9,000 Serbs and 10,141 other nationalities. Kosovo Albanians lived throughout the city, but most Serbs lived in the north side, divided from the predominantly Albanian south side by the Ibar River.



conom
The Trepča Mines are located in Kosovska Mitrovica, though they are currently not operating. With the closure of the Trepča complex, the influx of refugees and IDPs and the lack of investment,
unemployment (estimated at approximately 77%) has been prevalent among all communities in the Kosovska Mitrovica municipality.

Culture and education
Serbian faculties of the University of Pristina were relocated from Pristina to Kosovska Mitrovica after the Kosovo War.

Sports
Three football clubs are situated in Kosovska Mitrovica: FK Partizan , KF Trepça and KF Trepça"89.

ee also=
*Kosovo Serb enclaves
*Roma in Kosovska Mitrovica Camps
*New bridge in Kosovska Mitrovica

otes and reference

"Notes:"



"References:"


External links
*
*
* - HCIC, UNHCR, WEU, KFOR (22 Mar 2000)
* - HCIC, UNHCR, WEU, KFOR (24 Feb 2000)
* Video about displacement and reconstruction in Mitrovica.
*
* by Andrew Purvis on "TIME Magazine", June 4, 2008
*



Category:Cities, towns and villages in Kosovo
Category:Divided cities

bs:Kosovska Mitrovica
bg:Косовска Митровица
cs:Kosovska Mitrovica
da:Kosovska Mitrovica
de:Kosovska Mitrovica
et:Mitrovicë
es:Kosovska Mitrovica
eo:Kosovska Mitrovica
fr:Kosovska Mitrovica
ko:미트로비차
hr:Kosovska Mitrovica
os:Косовскæ-Митровицæ
it:Kosovska Mitrovica
lt:Kosovska Mitrovica
nl:Mitrovica
ja:ミトロヴィツァ (コソボ)
no:Mitrovica
pl:Kosowska Mitrowica
pt:Kosovska Mitrovica
ro:Kosovska Mitrovica
ru:Косовска-Митровица
sq:Mitrovica
simple:Kosovska Mitrovica
sr:Косовска Митровица
sh:Kosovska Mitrovica
fi:Mitrovica
sv:Kosovska Mitrovica
tr:Mitroviça
zh:科索夫斯卡米特罗维查
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 16.09.2019 04:59 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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