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Austria, Klosterneuburg
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"Klosterneuburg" is a city in Lower Austria, Austria with a population of 24,442.

It is located on the Danube, immediately north of Vienna, from which it is separated by the Kahlenberg and the Leopoldsberg. It has been separated by its twin city of Korneuburg on the other side of the Danube since the river changed its course during the Middle Ages.

Klosterneuburg was founded by Margrave Leopold III and developed in conjunction with its famous monastery. Leopold III and later Leopold VI (the latter only during part of his reign) had their residences there. From 1938 to 1954, it constituted the 26th district of Vienna. Today, it is a site of industry and a suburb of Vienna. The well-known Essl Museum of contemporary art is also on display in the town.

The Klosterneuburg Monastery, the existence of which was first documented in 1108 and soon after was given to the Augustinians, is of particular historical importance.

In Roman times the castle of Citium stood in the region of Klosterneuburg. The town was founded by Charlemagne, and received its charter as a town in 1298.

As an important pioneer station Klosterneuburg has various military buildings and stores, and among the schools there is the Federal Institute for Viticulture and Pomology, where the Zweigelt and Blauburger wine grapes were bred by Dr Fritz Zweigelt.

In 2006 the Institute of Science and Technology Austria was established. The institute for outstanding basic research is going to be put into action within the next years.

Klosterneuburg, 5 1/2 m. N.W. of Vienna by rail. Pop. (1900), 11,595. It is situated on the right bank of the Danube, at the foot of the Kahlenberg, and is divided by a small stream into an upper and a lower town.

On a hill rising directly from the banks of the Danube stand the magnificent buildings (erected 1730–1834) of the Augustine canonry, founded in 1114 by the Margrave (Saint) Leopold III, a Babenberg and the patron saint of Austria. This order "die Chorherren" is one of the oldest and richest of its kind in Austria; it owns much of the land upon which the north-western suburbs of Vienna stand. Among the points of interest within it are the old chapel of 1318, with Leopold"s tomb and the Verdun Altar, dating from the 12th century, the treasury and relic-chamber, the library with 30,000 volumes and many MSS., the picture gallery, the collection of coins, the theological hall, and the winecellar, containing an immense tun like that at Heidelberg. There are some excellent vintners in Klosterneuburg, but today the city is tightly linked to Vienna and houses some of the most affluent citizens of Lower Austria.

Klosterneuburg commemorative coin

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* Klosterneuburg was recently selected as a main motif for a high value collectors" coin: the Klosterneuburg commemorative coin. The obverse shows a view of the abbey from the slopes of the Leopoldsberg in the Alps. The Romanesque-Gothic basilica as well as the copper dome with the imperial crown can be seen.

External links


Category:Cities and towns in District
Category:Settlements on the Danube

Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.04.2018 19:32 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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