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Kfar Saba

Israel, Kfar Saba
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|meaning=Grandfather"s village
|founded=1903
|type=city
|typefrom=1962
|stdHeb=Kefar Sava
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|district=center
|population=81,600
|popyear=2007
|area_dunam=14169
|mayor=Yehuda Ben Hemo
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"Kfar Saba" (, lit. "Sava"s Village"), officially "Kfar Sava", is a city in the Sharon region, of the Center District of Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2007, Kfar Saba had a total population of 81,600.

istor
Kfar Saba (ancient Capharsaba) was an important settlement during the Second Temple period. Kfar Sava Municipal Council is mentioned for the first time in the writings of Josephus, in his account of the attempt of Alexander Jannaeus to halt an invasion from the North led by Antiochus (Antiquities, book 13, chapter 15). Kfar Saba also appears in the Talmud in connection to corn tithing and the Capharsaba sycamore fig tree. The settlement was likely named after a person called Sava, though this person"s importance is not known.

Excavations on the site have revealed the remains of a large Roman bathhouse. In the Byzantine periods the ruins of the bathhouse were first converted into fish pools, and later into some form of industrial installation.According to Ayalon, 1982. Cited in Petersen, 2002, p.233

Modern Kfar Saba was established in 1898 on 7,500 dunams of land purchased from the Arab village of Kafr Saba. Despite attractive advertisements in Jerusalem and London, attempts to sell plots to private individuals were unsuccessful, as the land was located in a desolate, neglected area far from any other Jewish settlement. The Ottoman pasha of Nablus, to whose governorate the land belonged, refused to give building permits, therefore the first settlers were forced to live in huts made of clay and straw. They earned their living by growing almonds, grapes and olives. Most of the manual laborers on the land were peasants from Qalqilya. Only in 1912 were permits given and the settlers moved to permanent housing.

In the Palestine campaign of World War I, Kfar Saba was on the front line between General Allenby"s British Army and the Ottoman army, and was destroyed. At the same time about a thousand residents of Tel Aviv and Jaffa came to live in the town. They had been forcibly deported from their homes by the Ottomans.

Due to the Jaffa riots of 1921 these deportees returned to their original cities. In 1922 the original residents returned and in 1924 additional settlers joined them. In this period the cultivation of citrus fruit developed. The first elections for the local council were held. Kfar Saba Municipal Council

In the time of the Arab Revolt, in 1936-1939, as in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Kfar Saba"s population suffered from attacks by Arabs from the Arab village of Kafr Saba and other villages in the area. A short time before the Israeli declaration of independence these villages were taken in Operation Medina. In 1962 Kfar Saba was awarded city status, with head of the local council, Mordechai Surkis, becoming its first mayor. Knesset website

emographic
Kfar Saba park

The new Hadarim district

In 1945, the town had a population of 4,320 Jews, according to British estimates."Village Statistics 1945"

According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), in 2001, the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.9% Jewish and 0.1% Others. Additionally, there were 523 immigrant residents. Also according to the CBS, there were 37,000 males and 39,600 females in 2001. The population of the city was spread out with 31.1% 19 years of age or younger, 16.3% between 20 and 29, 17.7% between 30 and 44, 20.2% from 45 to 59, 3.5% from 60 to 64, and 11.3% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate was 2.0% for that year.

The city is ranked high on the socio-economic scale (8 out of 10)

conom
Kfar Saba station
According to CBS, there were 31,528 salaried workers and 2,648 self-employed in Kfar Saba in 2000. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker was ILS 7,120, a real change of 10.1% over the course of 2000. Salaried males had a mean monthly wage of ILS 9,343 (a real change of 9.9%) versus ILS 5,033 for females (a real change of 9.7%). The mean income for the self-employed was 8,980. 1,015 people received unemployment benefits and 1,682 people received an income guarantee.

In May 2004 the exploration company Givot Olam said that the Meged-4 oil well, located northeast of Kfar Saba, has exceeded original predictions and contains an extremely valuable deposit of oil. Givot Olam

ducatio
According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, Kfar Saba has 37 schools with a student population of 15,598. There are 20 elementary schools (6,684 students) and 21 high schools (8,914 students). 72.2% of Kfar Saba"s 12th grade students earned a matriculation certificate in 2001. There are also two ulpans in Kfar Saba for new immigrants wanting to learn Hebrew.

ealt
The population of Kfar Saba is served by Meir Hospital.

andmark
ausoleum of Nabi Yami
Mausoleum of Nabi Yamin

A Mamluk caravanserai complex, including the mausoleum of Nabi Yamin, is located by the Kfar Saba – Qalqilyah road. The site contains an inscription dated to the 14th century.Yoav Regev (יואב רגב), ed., "The New Israel Guide" (מדריך ישראל החדש), vol. 8, p. 94, 2001. The site is believed to be the tomb of Benjamin, son of Jacob. North of this complex is a smaller tomb whose cupola has been painted green and is being maintained by local Palestinian Muslims, who consider it the "real" tomb. Jews and Muslims venerate Benjamin. Kfar Saba is in the heart of Dan"s tribal area, there are traditions that explain why Benjamin"s tomb is located in the land of the tribe of Dan. The traditional burial place of Simeon, son of Jacob, lies close to Kfar Saba. It is a small domed structure that sits in a field not far from kibz Eyal. According to Meron Benvenisti, the site was until 1948 only holy to Muslims, and Jews ascribed no holiness to it.Benvenisti, 2002, p. Today the dedicated inscriptions from the Mamluk period remain engraved on the stone walls of the tomb the cloths embroidered with verses from the Qur´an, with which the gravestones were draped, have been replaced by draperies bearing verses from the Hebrew Bible.Benvenisti, 2002, p.

he first wel
The development of Kfar Saba started when water was discovered by Jewish settlement institutions. The machinery is conserved in the "khan" (the first "hostel" built in Kfar Saba which serves as City Hall). The borehole exploits the Mountain Aquifer, providing excellent quality drinking and irrigation water to the early farmers. The nearest natural surface flow is the Shiloh river, which drains Western Samaria (from biblical Shiloh, nowadays a Ramallah neighborhood) into the Yarkon River, its waters had been contaminated since historical times by malaria. Kfar Saba, therefore, was built on higher land, healthier waterless.

mrami"s dairy far
The dairy farm of Baruch Amrami - who transferred the administration of the Kfar Saba settlement from Petah Tikva to a local committee and founded the water company and the first bank of the village in the 1920s - still stands in the Amrami and Rothschild Street Corner. No memorial plaque signals the place, the cowshed and Amrami"s "office" is still standing.

ordenstein hous
Due to the lack of security during World War I, the settlement was abandoned. In 1922, the Nordenstein family returned and built the first defensible stone house. It took another two years for other families to return (mostly from Petah Tikva). The Nordenstein House is still standing on HaEmek Street, near the central bus station.

ibz HaKovesh dining hal
A stone house on Tel Hai Street designed for defense (outlooks and sharp-shooting parapets) served as the communal dining room of Kibz HaKovesh. The pioneers themselves lived in tents. In 1948, the kibz moved north to secure the Kalkiliya front. The building now houses the Kfar Saba Civil Guard.

rchaeolog
Remnants of an ancient Israelite village were discovered east of the city, and are believed to be the ruins of biblical Capharsaba. Some of archeological finds may be observed near the abandoned steel factory (Tzomet Pladah).

sraeli-Palestinian conflic
Kfar Saba, which lies just across the Green Line from the Palestinian Arab town of Kalkilya, has been a frequent target of terrorist attacks. In May 2001, a Palestinian Arab suicide bomber wearing an explosive belt killed a doctor and wounded 50 at a bus stop in Kfar Saba. In March 2002, a Palestinian Arab opened fire on passersby at a major intersection, killing an Israeli girl and wounding 16 before being shot dead. In April 2003, a Palestinian Arab bomber blew himself up at the Kfar Saba train station during the morning rush hour, killing a security guard and wounding 10 bystanders.

otable resident
*Gabi Ashkenazi, current IDF Chief
*Miki Berkovich, former basketball player
*Galit Chait, ice skater
*David Klein, governor of the Bank of Israel
*Idan Raichel, musician
*Pinchas Sapir, politician
*Harel Skaat, singer
*Shelly Yachimovich, journalist-turned-politician

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Kfar Saba is twinned with:
* Beit Jann, Israel
* Columbus, Ohio, USA
* Delft, Netherlands (since 1971)
* Guatemala City, Guatemala
* Mülheim, Germany
* San José, Costa Rica
* Maracaibo, Venezuela
* Wiesbaden, Germany

eference


ibliograph
Meron Benvenisti, Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta (translator) (2002): Sacred Landscape: , ISBN 0520234227, 9780520234222

External links
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Category:Cities in Israel
Category:Settlements established in 1903
Category:Sharon plain



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da:Kfar Saba
de:Kfar Saba
es:Kfar Saba
fa:کفار سابا
fr:Kfar Saba
id:Kefar Sava
it:Kfar Saba
he:כפר סבא
ms:Kefar Sava
nl:Kefar Sava
no:Kfar Saba
pl:Kfar Saba
ru:Кфар-Сава
fi:Kfar Saba
sv:Kfar Saba
tl:Kfar Saba
uk:Кфар-Сава
yi:כפר סבא
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 26.01.2022 08:41 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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