Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Kavala

Greece, Kavala
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


"Kavala" (), is the second largest city in northern Greece, the principal seaport of eastern Macedonia and the capital of . It is situated on the Bay of Kavala, across from the island of Thasos.

istor
ntiquit
The city was founded by settlers from Thassos in about the 6th century BC, who called it "Neapolis" (Νεάπολις; "new city"). Neapolis was a town of Macedonia, and the harbor of Philippi, from which it was distant 14 km. It probably was the same place as "Datum" (), famous for its gold mines (Herod. ix. 75; comp. Böckh, "Pub. Econ. of Athens", pp. 8, 228, trans.), and a seaport, as Strabo (vii. p. 331) intimates: whence the proverb which celebrates Datum for its good things. (Zenob. "Prov. Graec. Cent." iii. 71; Harpocrat. s. v. .) Scylax does, indeed, distinguish between Neapolis and Datum; but, as he adds that the latter was an Athenian colony, which could not have been true of his original Datum, his text is, perhaps, corrupt in this place, as in so many others, and his real meaning may have been that Neapolis was a colony which the Athenians had established at Datum. Zenobius ("l. c.") and Eustathius ("ad Dionys. Perieg." 517) both assert that Datum was a colony of Thasos; which is highly probable, as the Thasians had several colonies on this coast. If Neapolis was a settlement of Athens, its foundation was, it may be inferred, later than that of Amphipolis. Neapolis was a member of the Athenian League, as a pillar found in Athens mentions a contribution of Neapolis to the alliance. Neapolis also minted coins in antiquity.

oman Er
It became a Roman "civitas" in 168 BC, and was a base for Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC, before their defeat in the Battle of Philippi. (Appian, "B.C." iv. 106; Dion Cass. xlvii. 35.). The Apostle Paul landed at Kavala on his first voyage to Europe (Acts, xvi. 11).

yzantine Er
Kavala Old Town - Panagia

In Byzantine times the city was called "Christoupolis" by the Greeks and "Morunets" by the Bulgarians. In the 6th century Byzantine emperor Justinian I fortified the city in an effort to protect it from barbaric raids. In the 8th and 9th century Bulgarian attacks forced the Byzantines to reorganize the defense of the area, giving great care to Christoupolis with fortification and a notable garrison. Due to the location of Christoupolis, the city experienced an economic flourish. During the Norman raid in Macedonia (1185), the city was captured and was burned.

ttoman Er
House of Mehemet Ali

Kavala was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1387 to 1912. In 1391 sultan Bayezid I In the middle of the 16th century, Ibrahim Pasha, Grand Vizier of Suleiman the Magnificent, contributed to the prosperity and growth of Kavala by the construction of an aqueduct. The Ottomans also extended the Byzantine fortress on the hill of "Panagia". Both landmarks are among the most recognizable symbols of the city today.

Mehmet Ali, the founder of a dynasty that ruled Egypt, was born in Kavala in 1769. His house has been preserved as a museum.

odern Kaval
Picture of the port and downtown
View of Kavala

Kavala was captured by the Bulgarians in First Balkan War in 1912 and Greek Navy during the Second Balkan war in 1913. After the Greco-Turkish War of 1919, the city entered a new era of prosperity because of the labour offered by the thousands of refugees that moved to the area from Asia Minor. The development was both industrial and agricultural. Kavala got greatly involved into the processing and trading of tobacco. Many buildings related to the storage and processing of tobacco from that era are preserved in the city.

It was occupied again by Bulgaria between 1941-1944 during World War II.

In the late 50s Kavala expanded towards the sea by reclaiming land from the area west of the port.

In 1967, King Constantine II left Athens for Kavala in an unsuccessful attempt to launch a counter-coup against the military junta.

winning
* - Nuremberg, Germany
* - Gradiška, Bosnia-Herzegovina
* - Tekirdağ, Turkey
* - Gotse Delchev, Bulgaria

Postage stamps
Cavalle 4pi

Between 1893 and 1903, the French post office in the city issued its own postage stamps; at first stamps of France overprinted with "Cavalle" and a value in piasters, then in 1902 the French designs inscribed "CAVALLE".
Panoramic view of Kavala

ultur
* Kavala"s medieval castle is located at a hill above the town. Additionally, the town"s fortifications are still widely visible, especially in the coastal front.
* Cosmopolis International Festival, one of the biggest ethnic festivals in Greece.

port
* Kavala FC is the football team of the town. Kavala BC is the basketball team.

istorical populatio


otable Figure
*Muhammad Ali Pasha of Kavala, the Albanian Wali(governor) of Egypt between 1805–1848 and founder of the modern state of Egypt.
*Theodore Kavalliotis
*George Georgiadis
*Georgi Dimitrov (1889 - ?), Bulgarian politician
*Giorgos Heimonas (1938-), writer and translator
*Nikos Karageorgiou, (b. December 9, 1962) Manager of Greek football team Ergotelis, based in Heraklion, Crete.
*Anthi Karagianni, silver medalist in the Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games; the city"s Municipal stadium is named after her.
*Vasilis Karas,a Greek singer
*Nikos Kourkoulis, Greek singer
*Sofoklis Schortsianitis (b. June 22, 1985), professional basketball player with Olympiakos and the Greek national team
*Aleksis Tsipras. Greek politician
*Antigone Valakou, actress
*Despina Vandi, a Greek singer
*Vassilis Vassilikos (b. November 18, 1934), a Greek writer
*Anna Verouli, 1982 Gold Medalist, European Championship, javelin thrower)
*Nikos Vertis, Greek singer
*Zisis Vryzas (b. November 9, 1973), former footballer, currently president of PAOK FC
*Theodoros Zagorakis (b. October 27, 1971), former footballer
*Anna Gerasimou, a Greek tennis player

ubdivision
Kavala is built amphitheatrically, with most residents enjoying superb views of the coast and sea. Some of the regions inside Kavala are:


ee als
*Communities of the

eference
*


xternal link

* (in Greek and English)
*




Category:Ancient cities
Category:Ancient mints
Category:Greek prefectural capitals
Category:Cities, towns and villages in the Kavala Prefecture
Category:Kavala Prefecture
Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Greece

ar:كافالا
bg:Кавала
ca:Kavala
cs:Kavala
de:Kavala
el:Καβάλα
es:Kavala
fr:Kavala
hr:Kavala (grad)
it:Kavala
la:Cabala
hu:Kavála
arz:قوله
nl:Kavála (stad)
ja:カヴァラ (ギリシャ)
no:Kavala
nn:Kavála
pl:Kawala
pnt:Καβάλα
pt:Cavala (Grécia)
ro:Kavala
ru:Кавала
simple:Kavala
sk:Kavala
cu:Кавала
sr:Кавала
fi:Kavala
sv:Kavala
tr:Kavala
uk:Кавала
war:Kavala
zh:卡瓦拉
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.11.2019 09:38 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"" (Greek: Demotic: Αμαλιάδα, Katharevousa: Αμαλιάς, Amalias) is a municipality in the western Peloponnese, in Greece. It has 32,090 citizens (of whom 18,261 live in the town of Amaliás). It is near the archaeological site of , the
"Galatsi" (, ), called in Katharevousa "Galatsion" (), is a northern suburb of Athens, Greece, and a municipality of the . Until the mid-20th century, the area was mainly made up of farmlands but due to the continuous expansion of the Greek capital,
"Chaniá" (, , also transliterated ", "Hania", and "Xania", older form "Chanea" and Venetian "Canea", Ottoman Turkish خانيه "Hanya") is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Prefecture. It lies along the north coast of the
"Chaidari" or "Haidari" (Greek, modern: Χαϊδάρι, Ancient/Katharevousa: Χαϊδάριον), older forms "Haidarion" and "Chaidarion" is a suburb in the west northwestern part of Athens, Greece. The two mountaintops of Aigaleo lies to the
"" (Greek: Ρέθυμνο, , also "Rethimno", "n", "Réthymnon", and "Rhíthymnos") is a city of approximately 40,000 people in Greece, the capital of Prefecture in the island of Crete. It was built in antiquity (ancient Rhithymna and Arsinoe), even
"" (Greek: Ρέθυμνο, , also "Rethimno", "n", "Réthymnon", and "Rhíthymnos") is a city of approximately 40,000 people in Greece, the capital of Prefecture in the island of Crete. It was built in antiquity (ancient Rhithymna and Arsinoe), even
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
The former leader of Catalonia, who led the Spanish region to a declaration of independence last year and subsequently fled to Belgium, has said he will not seek to regain his former post "for the time being." Madrid (dpa) - Renouncing a
Ties between Germany and Turkey have become increasingly strained of late, as Berlin struggles to strike a balance between pressure to criticize President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's increasing authoritarianism, and maintaining good relations with the
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has paid a hefty price to end months of political deadlock and seal a coalition deal between her conservatives and the Social Democrats (SPD), but has weeks to go before forming a government. Merkel‘s Christian
An Austrian fraternity with links to the governing Freedom Party (FPOe) faces dissolution by the authorities, the government announced on Wednesday, reacting to revelations over Nazi-style texts in the group's songbook. Vienna (dpa) - The scandal has
With formal negotiations imminent on forming a new government with Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) are meeting on Thursday to plan their strategy for the tough talks ahead. Berlin (dpa) - The SPD is
The European Union has removed eight countries - including Panama, the United Arab Emirates and South Korea - from its 17-country blacklist of international tax havens, just seven weeks after the list was compiled. Brussels (dpa) - The eight
Wetter

Athen


(17.11.2019 09:38)

6 / 16 °C


18.11.2019
7 / 14 °C
19.11.2019
8 / 13 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum