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Kavadarci

Macedonia, Kavadarci
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"Kavadarci" (, ) is a town located in the Tikveš region of the Republic of Macedonia. Situated in the heart of Macedonia’s wine country, it is home to the largest winery in south-eastern Europe, , named after the Tikveš plain. The town of Kavadarci is the seat of Kavadarci Municipality. Situated near Kavadarci is Macedonia"s largest artificial lake, Lake Tikveš.

istor
lassical Perio

In the Tikveš region near Kavadarci, many artefacts and structures have been discovered dating back to prehistoric times. Bronze and ceramic artefacts were discovered at an archaeological site in the nearby town of Stobi () dating back to the 6th and 7th century BC.

This town is said to have been established during the Hellenic period, being situated on the main road of Via Egnatia that led from the Danube to the Aegean Sea meant it became an important military, economic and cultural hub at the time.

The establishment of a mint during the Roman period aided in its prosperity and achieving the status of municipium, denars and coins reading “Municipium Stobensium” were also produced in this area. Numerous buildings and monuments of this era such as a theatre have been discovered at this site.

A Jewish community is said to have existed in Stobi during the 3rd century, however its Synagogue was torn down in the 4th century and a Christian Basilica was built in its place.

In the late 5th and early 6th century, the town was devastated in the great Avaro-Slavonic invasions. Stobi which was previously the centre of this region was replaced by the new village of Dukena.

he Ottoman Empir

Much change took place during the occupation of the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century, the occupying Turks destroyed all existing villages replacing them with oriental architecture. Villagers from Rashtani and Dukena fleeing from the Turks settled in a new area, bringing with them many families that still exist in Kavadarci today. From this settlement a new village emerged, during the 17th century this growing village attracted much attention and spurred a large migration of people from the surrounding hills and villages, thus establishing the new town called Kavadarci.

Records show at the close of the 19th century 1,330 homes existed in Kavadarci:
620 of these were Slav, 709 Turkish and one was Jewish. During this time Kavadarci was under the jurisdiction of Bitola’s area Pashaluk (Ottoman military territorial unit controlled by a Pasha). With the Turkish majority, many beys residences and several mosques were built throughout the town. By this time Kavadarci had also been firmly established as the new centre of the Tikveš region.

After the forming of the TMORO committee by Dame Gruev in 1894 and the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising many revolutionary troops operated in the Tikveš area, working with the aim of liberating Macedonia from the Ottoman Empire.

he 20th centur

After the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire many Muslim inhabitants began emigrating from this area. Most of the Turkish and Muslim population left Kavadarci completely between 1935 and 1936. It is during this period that Kavadarci flourished, becoming a large economic, administrative and political centre in the Tikveš area. However this rapid development declined during the period of Bulgarian occupation when the region of Macedonia was divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia.

In June 1913, the Tikveš Uprising took place against the Serbian occupational forces. The resistance fighters freed the majority of the Tikveš region, including the towns of Kavadarci, Negotino, Vataša and several small villages. Serbian military forces killed approximately 1,200 people and burnt more than 1,000 homes. Most of Turks fleed to Turkey. Recep Vardarlı moved to Turkey and founded Tikveşli ("Came from Tikveş" for Turkish) company, which produces yogurt and ayran, in 1943. The firm was sold to Danone in 1998.

During the Second World War, the town fell under German and Bulgarian occupation for a total of 4 years, suffering great losses with over 300 people being killed until the withdrawal of the Bulgarian forces. In the village of Vataša, a monument was erected to twelve communist guerrillas who were executed by Bulgarian forces on the 16th June 1943 during the Second World War.

unicipality of Kavadarc

The Municipality of Kavadarci spreads from the central region of Povardarie to the highlands of Vitacevo and is located next to the Reka Crna, Black River () and the River Vardar (). Covering a large area in the Tikveš valley with a total ground surface of , it comprises 23 settlements, the largest of these being Vataša ().



emographi



edi

Two TV and two radio stations operate in Kavadarci, they are KTV 41 and TVT, Radio Galaxy FM and Radio Kavadarci FM all four are privately owned.

ndustr
in

Kavadarci’s most famous export is wine, the city being home to the largest winery in south-eastern Europe. Vineyards in the region cover a total area of , producing up to 85,000 tons of grapes annually. The Tikveš winery is one of the oldest wineries in the Republic of Macedonia processing up to 55 million kilograms of grapes to produce approximately 35 million litres of wine each year. Of the 38,000 citizens, it is estimated that up to 85% are involved with the growing of grapes.

erro-Nicke

Another important industry is the manufacture of Ferro-Nickel, the company “FENI” produces between 5,000-7,000 tons of Ferro-Nickel annually. In a bid to attract more interest from domestic and foreign investors in 2000 the first Free Economic Zone (FEZ) of the Republic of Macedonia was founded in Kavadarci and this has become known as the “Nickel Valley”.

In addition to wine and Ferro-Nickel, Kavadarci is also known for its timber and tobacco production. Alliance One Macedonia, one of the largest tobacco processing companies in Macedonia is located in Kavadarci, producing and exporting Macedonian oriental tobacco to the United States, Japan, as well as selected EU and Asian countries.

in

The Tikveš winery logo.

The tradition of wine making and grape growing in the Tikveš region date as far back as the 4th century BC, the industry thrived during medieval times with its production as was common at the time throughout Europe being made in monasteries.

The Tikveš region is situated in an area with a unique and favourable climate produced by the merging of the Mediterranean from the South and Continental from the North. Combined with arable soil; high with eroded clay content makes this a most favourable area to grow grapes.

The combined municipalities of Kavadarci, Rosoman and Konopiste utilise 20% of the Republic of Macedonia’s total landmass (45 km²) for the cultivation of grapes, the country is the seventh largest exporter of wine to the EU from outside the region. Of the total harvested crop in Kavadarci, 80% are Wine Grapes and 20% are Table Grapes. The Tikveš winery processes up to 55 million kilograms of grapes to produce approximately 35 million litres of wine each year. Although the largest and most prolific, Tikveš is by no means the only winery in the city, examples of others that exist in Kavadarci include Cekorovi () and Popov (). The combined wineries in the region export up to 26 different countries around the world.

On the first week of September of each year a festival called "Tikveski Grozdober" - Tikveš Grape Picking () is held for several days marking the beginning of the wine grape harvest in the Tikveš region. Such is the importance of this fruit, the city flag is composed of 6 circles in white and red representing the town’s most abundant and important produce.



ikveski Grozdobe


The Tikveski Grozdober - Tikveš Grape Picking () was a festival that officially began in 1964. Held to mark the beginning of the wine grape harvest as well as commemorating the liberation of Kavadarci. It takes place over several days and is one the largest cultural manifestations of its kind in the region.

The festival includes folk, pop and rock concerts, traditional dancing, seminars, presentations and exhibitions. During this time the city centre houses many temporary restaurants, stalls and shops, opened to allow visitors to experience the smells and tastes of local delicacies. This culminates in a carnival procession through the main streets of the town.

laces of Interes
ikveš Lak

Tikveš Lake () is the largest manmade lake in the Republic of Macedonia, it is located above sea level, southwest of Kavadarci on the Reka Crna, and from the village of Vozarci. The lake was built in 1968 by redirecting river water and building a high dam, it has a surface area of approximately , a length of and width of 500 m. Average temperature of the water is 24 °C, maximum depth is and the total volume is approximately 475 m³. Its two main sources of water are the Reka Crna and the Dragov River.

The artificial accumulation is used for providing water to the local area for businesses such as irrigation and fisheries. Generating electricity through the use of a Hydro Power Plant (HPP), as a site for sports and recreation as well as being a popular tourist attraction due to the cultural monuments and rich flora and fauna of the area.

The area around Tikveš Lake has been designated a protected zone, this was established and supported as a conservation project for the protection of the wildlife and surrounding environment by a local environmental association ODEK and a public enterprise Tikvesko Pole.

ikveš Strict Natural Reserv

Established in 1997, the Tikveš Strict Natural Reserve is located southeast of Kavadarci and covers an area of approximately . 23 species of predatory birds are present in the reserve and of these 17 nest in this area, it is said to be one of the most important ornithological sites in Europe.

ološki Monastery and Church of St. Bogorodica of Drenov



Built in the 14th century by a father and a son from Prespa (), well known at the time for building monasteries and churches across Macedonia. The pair set to work with the son building a church in Drenovo () and the father the Pološki Monastery (), after the father had completed construction of the Pološki Monastery he returned to Drenovo.

The vanity and arrogance of the son made him claim that the church he built was so beautiful and so well made that even if Saint Ilija came down from the heavens himself. He would not be able to destroy it, at that moment a lightning bolt appeared out of the blue sky, Saint Ilija angered by this claim split the new church in half. It is said that if the break is repaired, each year on the day of Ilinden (), August 2 (St. Elijah"s Day) the church will split in the exactly same place.

The church within the Pološki Monastery is dedicated to Sveti Gorgija (Saint George) and is located on the southwestern shore of Tikveš Lake that is accessible only by boat. Its fresco paintings are completely preserved and can be dated back to the 14th century. The only exception being those in the narthex that was built during the 17th century, the most recent and last restoration to the building took place during the 19th century. The monastery is well known for its collections of unique icons, wood carvings and especially for its fresco-art that differ from others of the same period due to its unusual compositions.

arko’s Towe

Marko’s Tower is a stone edifice located in the centre of Kavadarci, it was erected during the 18th century. The square shaped structure stands at approximately twenty metres (60 ft) with five stories, its walls are one metre (3.2 ft) thick, with three windows located on the fourth and fifth floor. The only entrance is located by the door on the second floor, accessible via a stone staircase. On the south wall of the fourth floor remains an opening that was used for defence, the opening on the fifth floor was to dispose of dirty water.

van Mazov-Klima House of Cultur

The cultural centre was founded in 1952 and formed an ensemble in 1953, the Tikveš Folk Ensemble is composed of 115 members and performs choreographed folksongs and dances throughout the country and abroad.

ity Museum and Galler

Built in 1973 and opened to the public in 1976, the museum houses many historical, archaeological and cultural exhibits. The gallery showcases work from local and international artists, organising between 5 to 8 exhibitions each year.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Kavadarci is twinned with:
* Pleven, Bulgaria
* Gornji Milanovac, Serbia

Notes


External links
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Category:Cities in the Republic of Macedonia

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.01.2020 04:36 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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