Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Karlskrona

Sweden, Karlskrona
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


| Type = Cultural
| Criteria = ii, iv
| ID = 871
| Region = Europe and North America
| Year = 1998
| Session = 22nd
| Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/875
}}
"Karlskrona" is a locality and the seat of Karlskrona Municipality, , Sweden with 32,606 inhabitants in 2005. It is also the capital of . Karlskrona is known as Sweden"s only baroque city and is host to Sweden"s only remaining naval base and the HQ of the Swedish Coast Guard.

eograph
The city centre is located on the islet of Trossö. The islet of Stumholmen was formerly property of the Navy and today it houses the National Naval Museum (Marinmuseum).

istor
The city was founded in 1680 when the Royal Swedish Navy was relocated from the mainland to the island which had up until then been used chiefly for farming and grazing. At the time Sweden was the dominant military power in the Baltic sea region. The island had a very strategic position with short sailing distances to the German and Baltic provinces. Its name means "Karl"s Crown" in honour of King Karl XI of Sweden, the name being inspired by the name of the city Landskrona.

The city grew quickly and by 1750 Karlskrona had about 10,000 inhabitants. It was then one of the biggest cities in the country. Most of the baroque buildings from this era are still standing, which is why the city centre is architecturally uniform. There are three important churches in Karlskrona, the first being "Fredrikskyrkan" (The Frederick church). It was designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, who was influenced by European architecture. The foundation of that church were laid in 1720, and it was inaugurated in 1744. It differs from usual Swedish churches in its yellow color and its adornment.

The church "Heliga Trefaldighetskyrkan" (Church of Holy Trinity), also called "The German Church", was built between 1697-1709, following Tessin"s drawings. It is likewise located at the market square in the centre core. The dome-shaped roof takes its influence from Italian architecture and is rarely seen on Swedish churches.

"Heliga Trefaldighetskyrkan" (Church of Holy Trinity)

The third city church is the Karlskrona Admiralty Church (Amiralitetskyrkan). The church was built in 1685 in red-painted wood. Outside the church there is a well-known statue called Rosenbom.

The shipyard in Karlskrona was established almost at the same time as the city. It was a necessity because of the heavy losses the Swedish navy had suffered in 1689. In 1711, the shipyard was Sweden"s largest industrial employer with 1,100 workers. The oldest dock, the Polhem dock, is cut in the cliff itself and is still in use. It got its name from Christopher Polhem ("The Swedish DaVinci", a famous scientist with several inventions still in use).

The city has kept its street structure since its foundation. Since the streets all follow a grid pattern the winds can blow freely from the ocean right into the heart of the city.

The naval installations there has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In October 1981 the Whiskey-class Soviet submarine S-363 (called "U137" by the Swedes) ran aground in the archipelago just outside Karlskrona. The media characterized it as the "Whiskey on the Rocks" affair. The incident caused a temporary rise in tensions between Sweden and the Soviet Union. While the submarine"s grounding was inadvertent, and likely the result of inebriation among the crew, the submarine almost certainly was engaged in an unspecified covert mission at the time.

Today
The most important day in Karlskrona is the day before midsummer"s eve. On that day a big fair takes place and attracts tens of thousands to visit Karlskrona. The fair is called "Lövmarknaden" (The Leaf Fair) and is very popular among the locals.

The main square of Karlskrona is the biggest in Scandinavia, and actually the second biggest in Europe, after the Red Square of Moscow.

Every year in late July/early August a popular festival called "The Sail" takes place in the harbor of Karlskrona. Usually it is a place where families go to have something to eat and drink, and perhaps watch the sailing boats lined up at the pier. During the sail, the seascouts of Karlskrona will row a boat carrying torches along the docks while playing the national anthems for the visiting ships.

The old architecture together with the naval installations comprise the major tourist attractions of Karlskrona. The city has a pleasant atmosphere and is one of the highlights of south-east Sweden.
Outside the city lies the archipelago of Karlskrona, the most southern of the Swedish archipelagos.
Several islands are connected to the city by ferries.
arishe
*Karlskrona City Parish (from 10 August 1680)
*Karlskrona German Parish (from 10 August 1680 to 1 November 1846)
*Karlskrona Prisoner"s Parish (from 1808 to 4 July 1866)
*The Mosaic Parish in Karlskrona (1785 to 1994)
*Royal Karlskrona Admiralty Parish (from 1681, a non-territorial parish)


The fictional character Verity Birdwhistle visited Karlskrona on her pilgrimage across Europe.

ducatio
*Blekinge Institute of Technology
*Hyper Island

ee als
*"U 137"
*Swedish Coast Guard

References


External links

*
*
*
* (from online version of Nordisk familjebok)







Category:Municipal seats of
Category:Swedish municipal seats
Category:Cities, towns and villages in
Category:
Category:Coastal cities and towns in Sweden
Category:Settlements established in 1680
Category:Ports and harbours of Sweden
Category:Port cities and towns of the Baltic Sea

ar:كارلسكرونا
bg:Карлскруна
ca:Karlskrona
cv:Карлскруна
cs:Karlskrona
da:Karlskrona
de:Karlskrona
et:Karlskrona
es:Karlskrona
eo:Karlskrona
fr:Karlskrona
id:Karlskrona
it:Karlskrona
he:קרלסקרונה
ku:Karlskrona
la:Caroli Corona
lt:Karlskruna
nl:Karlskrona (stad)
ja:カールスクルーナ
no:Karlskrona
nn:Karlskrona
pl:Karlskrona
pt:Karlskrona
ro:Karlskrona
ru:Карлскруна
sr:Карлскруна
fi:Karlskrona
sv:Karlskrona
tr:Karlskrona
uk:Карлскруна
vo:Karlskrona
zh:卡尔斯克鲁纳
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.05.2022 13:44 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
In the last century, the population of nearby municipalities in Stockholm County has become relevant to mention as well as the population of Stockholm Municipality, as many municipalities form part of the Stockholm urban area and as such are often
In the last century, the population of nearby municipalities in Stockholm County has become relevant to mention as well as the population of Stockholm Municipality, as many municipalities form part of the Stockholm urban area and as such are often
"Uppsala" (; older spelling "Upsala") is the capital of ("Uppsala län") and the fourth largest city of Sweden with 144,839 inhabitants.Located about 70 km north of the capital Stockholm, it is also the seat of the Uppsala municipality
"Uppsala" (; older spelling "Upsala") is the capital of ("Uppsala län") and the fourth largest city of Sweden with 144,839 inhabitants.Located about 70 km north of the capital Stockholm, it is also the seat of the Uppsala municipality
"Uppsala" (; older spelling "Upsala") is the capital of ("Uppsala län") and the fourth largest city of Sweden with 144,839 inhabitants.Located about 70 km north of the capital Stockholm, it is also the seat of the Uppsala municipality
"Uppsala" (; older spelling "Upsala") is the capital of ("Uppsala län") and the fourth largest city of Sweden with 144,839 inhabitants.Located about 70 km north of the capital Stockholm, it is also the seat of the Uppsala municipality
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
There comes a time in everyone’s life when they have to address the age-old question: “What do you want to be when you grow up?” As a child, it’s easy to pick all the awesome jobs such as the president, an astronaut, or a rock star. However,
Einer der ältesten Nationalparks Europas soll frei von neuen Staudämmen bleiben. 97.804 Menschen unterzeichneten ein Protestschreiben gegen den geplanten Bau zweier großer Wasserkraftwerke im Mavrovo Nationalpark in Mazedonien, das heute dem
Greece's parliament on Tuesday said it will move ahead with a renewed demand to pursue World War II reparations from Germany. Speaking in parliament, leftist Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said it was a moral obligation for Greece to seek war
A new sleek skyscraper complex on the bank of the Main River that runs through Frankfurt will be the new headquarters of the European Central Bank (ECB). Frankfurt (dpa) - The new headquarters, constructed at the site of an old wholesale fruit and
Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras is scheduled to hold talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Wednesday in an effort to boost economic cooperation, investment and trade relations between the two countries. Athens (dpa) - Ahead
The threat of terrorist attacks in the European Union remains high, the head of the bloc's law-enforcement agency said Tuesday, warning of the dangers posed by the Islamic State extremist militia and the al-Qaeda terrorist group. Brussels (dpa) -
Wetter

Stockholm


(23.05.2022 13:44)

-12 / -7 °C


24.05.2022
-6 / -1 °C
25.05.2022
-4 / -2 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum