Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Kaluga

Russia, Kaluga
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


Central Kaluga
Moscow State Technical University in Kaluga
Kaluga Oblast Administration Building
Street in Kaluga
Space Museum in Kaluga

"Kaluga" () is a city in western Russia, located on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow. It is the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Официальный сайт Городской Управы г. Калуга . Population: It is served by Kaluga Grabtsevo Airport.

istor
Kaluga was founded in the mid-14th century as a border fortress on the southwestern borders of the Muscovy. It was first mentioned by its present name in 1371. In the Middle Ages, Kaluga was a minor settlement owned by the Princes Vorotynsky. The ancestral home of these princes is located south-west from the modern city.

Kaluga is connected to Moscow by a railway line and the ancient roadway, the Kaluga road (now partly within Moscow (as Starokaluzhskoye Shosse), partly the A101 road). This road was the favoured escape route from the Moscow trap for Napoleon in the fall of 1812. But General Kutuzov repelled Napoleon"s advances in this direction and forced the retreating French army onto the old Smolensk road, previously devastated by the French during their invasion of Russia.

Kaluga was occupied by the Nazi armies in 1941.
In 1944 the Soviet Government used its local military buildings to intern hundreds of Polish POW - soldiers of the Polish Underground Home Army, who were arrested by advancing Soviet front in the Vilno district.

Kaluga is known for its most famous resident, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a rocket science pioneer who worked here as a school teacher. The Tsiolkovsky museum in Kaluga is dedicated to his theoretical achievements and their practical implementations for modern space research, hence the motto on the city"s coat of arms: "The Cradle of Space Exploration".

conom
In recent years Kaluga has become one of the centers of the Russian automotive industry, with a number of foreign companies opening assembly plants in the area.

On 28 November 2007, Volkswagen Group opened a new assembly plant in Kaluga, with further expansion plans planned to be completed by, or during, 2009. The investment has reached more than 500 million Euro. The plant currently assembles the Volkswagen Passat and Škoda Octavia. Planned annual capacity from 2009: up to 150,000 vehicles.

On 15 October 2007, the Volvo Group broke ground on a new truck assembly plant, scheduled to be finished in early 2009. Once completed the plant is expected to have yearly capacity of 10,000 Volvo and 5,000 Renault trucks., Volvo Group corporate news, October 15, 2007

On 12 December 2007, PSA Peugeot Citroën announced its decision to build a new assembly plant in Kaluga, scheduled to be finished in 2010. The plant is slated to produce midsize passenger vehicles., PSA Peugeot Citroën press release, December 12, 2007

On 28 December 2007, Mitsubishi Motors announced its intent to build an assembly plant in Kaluga with the initial annual production capacity of 50,000 cars., RIA Novosti, December 28, 2007

otable peopl
*Aleksandr Amfiteatrov
*Yuri Averbakh
*Mykola Azarov
*Alexander Chizhevsky
*David Edelstadt
*Jonah of Manchuria
*Andrei Kalaychev
*Valery Kobelev, Ski jumper.
*Vadim Kosmatschof (born in 1938 in Kaluga), sculptor and painter
*Mikhail Linge
*Pavel Popovich Cosmonaut, only person to receive two honorary citizenships of Kaluga (1962 and 1964)
*Nikolai Rakov
*Imam Shamil
*Nikolay Skvortsov, swimmer
*Yuliya Tabakova
*Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
*Georgy Zhukov
*Olesya Zykina

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Kaluga is twinned with:
* Lahti, Finland
* Suhl, Germany
* Tiraspol, Transnistria

ee als
*Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics

xternal link

*
*
*, official website in English
*
*

eference



Category:Kaluga
Category:

ar:كالوغا
bg:Калуга
cs:Kaluga
da:Kaluga
de:Kaluga
et:Kaluga
es:Kaluga
eo:Kaluga
fr:Kalouga
ko:칼루가
id:Kaluga
os:Калугæ
it:Kaluga
he:קלוגה (עיר ברוסיה)
la:Caluga
lv:Kaluga
lt:Kaluga
nl:Kaloega
ja:カルーガ
no:Kaluga
nn:Kaluga
pl:Kaługa (miasto)
ro:Kaluga
ru:Калуга
sr:Калуга
fi:Kaluga
sv:Kaluga
uk:Калуга
war:Kaluga
zh:卡盧加
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 29.06.2022 20:33 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"Moskau" is the German name of "Moscow". Thus it can refer to:*The city of Moscow*"Moskau (Dschinghis Khan song)", a song by Dschinghis Khan*"Moskau (Rammstein song)", a song by Rammstein*Reichskommissariat Moskau, a proposed civilian Nazi occupation
"Moskau" is the German name of "Moscow". Thus it can refer to:*The city of Moscow*"Moskau (Dschinghis Khan song)", a song by Dschinghis Khan*"Moskau (Rammstein song)", a song by Rammstein*Reichskommissariat Moskau, a proposed civilian Nazi occupation
"Moskau" is the German name of "Moscow". Thus it can refer to:*The city of Moscow*"Moskau (Dschinghis Khan song)", a song by Dschinghis Khan*"Moskau (Rammstein song)", a song by Rammstein*Reichskommissariat Moskau, a proposed civilian Nazi occupation
"Samara" may refer to:eograph*Samara Oblast, an oblast of Russia*Samara, Russia, a city on the eastern bank of the Volga River, Russia*Samara Bend, the largest bend of the Volga River*Samara Reservoir, an informal name of Kuybyshev Reservoir on the
"Samara" may refer to:eograph*Samara Oblast, an oblast of Russia*Samara, Russia, a city on the eastern bank of the Volga River, Russia*Samara Bend, the largest bend of the Volga River*Samara Reservoir, an informal name of Kuybyshev Reservoir on the
Lenin Street (formerly Lyubinsky Avenue) with the Moscow Merchant Rows in the foreground."Omsk" () is a Russian city located in southwestern Siberia and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. It is Russia"s second-largest city east of the Ural
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
Russia's lone athletics team member at the Rio Games, long jumper Darya Klishina, on Monday welcomed the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruling to allow her to compete and is thankful she can turn her attention to the competition. Rio de
Two Russian military aircraft recently flew under an Icelandic passenger jet without their transponders activated, raising queries about risky behaviour, an Icelandic daily said Monday. Reykjavik (dpa) - The two Tu-22M bombers were observed Thursday
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday suspended a deal with the United States to dispose of excess supplies of weapons-grade plutonium, citing a large deterioration in bilateral ties. Moscow/Washington (dpa) - Russia will not proceed with the
Russia and Iran on Wednesday condemned the latest move by the US Congress to impose new sanctions against them and warned that there could be severe consequences. Moscow (dpa) - The bill, which would impose further penalties against Russian
Wetter

Moskau


(29.06.2022 20:33)

-16 / -7 °C


30.06.2022
-19 / -14 °C
01.07.2022
-20 / -13 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum