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Greece, Kalamata
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"Kalamata" ( "Kalamáta", formerly Καλάμαι "Kalámai") is the second-largest city of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. The capital and chief port of the Messenia prefecture, it lies along the Nedon River at the head of the Messenian Gulf. Located near the ancient city of Pharai mentioned by Homer, it lies 238 km SW of Athens, about 60 km SE of Kyparissia and GR-9, about 120 km SSE of Pyrgos, about 80 km SW of Tripoli, about 60 km W of Sparta, NW of Areopoli and about 8 km E of Messene, it is also 215 km south of Patras and 715 (old: 750) km south of Thessaloniki. The 2001 census recorded 57,620 inhabitants.

Kalamata is renowned as the land of the Kalamatianos dance and the silk kerchief; of succulent dark olives, honey-eyed figs and the honey-covered sesame sweet called "pasteli". The city can be reached from other Greek cities by bus and train. Furthermore, the city has an international airport and an important harbour. Ferries are available to places such as the Greek islands of Kythira, and Crete .

The Messenian Gulf where Kalamata is located has various long beaches. The Taygetus mountain range is located about 4 km E of Kalamata and GR-82 Kalamata - Sparta highway runs through the ranges.

Olives and olive oil are important and famous products that are exported from Kalamata.

Kalamata has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, a post office, and squares "(plateia)". The newly established University of Peloponnese has a campus in Kalamata, where the history, literature, religion and philosophy departments are located. The Kalamata campus of the university also provides free Greek lessons to expatriate Greeks.

The name "Kalamata" may have something to do with the Greek "kala ommata" which means "beautiful eyes". A Byzantine church near the city is devoted to the virgin of "Kalomata". There is a place with the name "Cala Mata" on the island of Mallorca in Spain. In Sardinia, Italy, close to Cagliari, there is a place called "Surcuri-Calamata". The origin of the name of these places is Latin and has to do with the word"s "Cala" means a place to anchor and "Mata" a small plant.

unicipal district
The city of Kalamata is subdivided in the following municipal districts (population according to the 2001 census and villages within the district in brackets):

*Alagonia (pop: 360, Alagonia, Machalas)
*Antikalamos (pop: 541)
*Artemisia (pop: 291, Artemisia, Theotokos)
*Asprochoma (pop: 1,231, Asprochoma, Akovitika, Kalami, Katsikovo)
*Elaiochori (pop: 395, Elaiochori, Arachova, Diasella, Moni Dimiovis, Perivolakia)
*"Kalamata" (pop: 49,550, Kalamata, Bournias, Koutala, Menina, Profitis Ilias, Moni Velanidias)
*Karveli (pop: 180, Karveli, Agia Triada, Emialoi, Kato Karveli)
*Ladas (pop: 223, Ladas, Agia Marina, Agios Vasileios)
*Laiika (pop: 926, Laiika, Katsaraiika, Spitakia, Xerokampi)
*Mikri Mantineia (pop: 688)
*Nedousa (pop: 158)
*Piges (pop: 103, Piges, Skouroulakkos)
*Sperchogeia (pop: 855)
*Verga (pop: 2,110, Ano Verga, Kato Verga, Paralia Vergas)

Unlike many other Greek cities, Kalamata does not date to classical times. Messini, which is located elsewhere in , is an ancient site, however. From 1681 on the Venetians ruled Kalamata. On 23 March 1821, Kalamata was the first city to be liberated from the Turkish occupation of over 300 years, by the Greek rebel forces under the orders of generals Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petros Mavromichalis and Papaflessas. In 1825, Ibrahim Pasha destroyed the city during the Greek war of independence. After this, Kalamata was rebuilt and became one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean sea. It is not surprising that the 2nd oldest Chamber of Commerce in the Mediterranean, after that of Marseille, exists in Kalamata. On 29 April 1941, a battle was fought near the port between invading German forces and the 2nd New Zealand Division, during which Jack Hinton was awarded the Victoria Cross. After World War II, and due to political issues, Kalamata, as well as most of the Peloponnese, was excluded from the government development plans, in favour of north Greece instead. That was a major brake on the local economy, resulting in the decline of the port and hence the city. During 70s and the 80s, development and growth in Kalamata were unknown, and only after the city suffered severe damage from the earthquakes of September 13 1986, the local authorities and individuals strained their financial resources to bring a wind of change to the forgotten capital of . Due to these efforts, Kalamata has now fully recovered and developed into a modern provincial capital, with all facilities and amenities, as well as one of the most modern hospitals in Greece. It is also the seat of the Metropolitan Bishop of . Current Metropolitan Bishop is Chrysostomus III since 15 March 2007.

Kalamata has been subjected to many trials and tribulations. It was under Frank occupation between 1205 and 1381, and within that period ruled by the French noble Villehardouin family (1210 to 1278) who built their castle there. Later occupied by the Turks from 1481 to 1685 like the rest of Greece, the city was next taken over by the Venetians in 1751. During the Venetian occupation the city was fortified, developed and thrived economically. However, the Turks reoccupied Kalamata in 1715 and controlled it until the Greek War of Independence of 1821 when Petrobeis Mavromihalis salvaged and liberated the city. Kalamata was again in the news and headlines on Saturday, September 13, 1986, as an earthquake measured at almost 6.6 on the Richter scale. Damages were rarely reported but it caused panic to the region.

Today, Kalamata has the second largest population and mercantile activity in Peloponnese. It makes important exports, particularly of local products such as raisins, olives and olive oil. Although the city experienced catastrophic consequences after the earthquake of 1986, it has overall recovered its pace and is forging ahead successfully from a commercial aspect.

There are numerous historical and cultural sights to see in Kalamata, such as the Villehardouin castle, the Ipapandis Byzantine church, the Kalograion monastery with its famous silk-weaving workshop where the beautiful Kalamata scarves are made, and the municipal railway park. Another great spot to visit is the church of Agion Apostolon where Mavromihalis declared the revolution. It’s also worth seeing the art collections housed at the Municipal Gallery, the Archaeological Museum of Messenia and the Folk Art Museum.

Kalamata"s railway station circa 1910

It is accessed by GR-7/E55/E65 in the west and GR-82 runs through Kalamata and into the Taygetus. The nearest motorway is now 35 km N. From the mid-1980s until 2002, it was 85 km SW in Tripoli. There is a road connecting within the coastline of Kalamata which is not far from the gulf and runs in the southern part of Kalamata.

Kalamata is served by a metre gauge railway line of the former Piraeus, Athens and Peloponnese Railways, now owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE). There is a passenger train station and a small freight yard in the city, as well as a rolling stock maintenance depot to the North. An disused extension line to the port is now used as a "Railway Parl". Currently there are mainline train services to Kyparissia, Pyrgos and Patras and suburban services to Messini and the General Hospital. There are no passenger services to Corinth (Korinthos) via Tripolis and Argos, due to extensive track reconstruction work.

There is a bus link (KTEL) to Tripolis, Korinthos and Athens with frequent services.

Since the mid-80s there is a regular weekly cruise-boat route between Kalamata - Kythira - Chania (Crete). In the summer months charter flights fly direct to Kalamata International Airport from many European cities.

istorical populatio

*Benakeion Archaeological Museum of Kalamata , located in the heart of the historical centre of Kalamata.
*Byzantine churches
*Cultural events, such as the International Dance Festival
*The Castle of Kalamata from the 13th century AD.
*The Marina and the Port of Kalamata, located SW of the city centre. It is the main and largest port in and the southern part of the Peloponnese.
*Kalamatas National Stadium - home of kos, it contains 5,000 spectators
*The Kalamata International Airport, an airport located about 7 km NW, close to Messene. The runway length is about 2 km and it is combined with a military airport.
*The Railway Museum of the Municipality of Kalamata , a railway museum which first opened since 1986
*The Temple of the Epicurian Apollo, about one hour"s drive north from Kalamata

otable peopl
Alexandros Koumoundouros

*William II of Villehardouin (d. 1278) the last Villehardouin prince of Achaea
* (1932) Physician Scientist, Discoverer of Lamellar Bodies and their associated function
*Yiannis Chryssomallis ("Yanni") (1954) composer and musician
*Aggeliki Daliani (1979) actress
*Nikolaos Doxaras, painter
*Panagiotis Doxaras, painter
*Nikolaos Georgeas (1976) footballer
*Alexandros Koumoundouros, Prime Minister of Greece in the 19th century
*Nikolaos Lyberopoulos, (1975) footballer
*Gerasimos Michaleas (1947) Orthodox Christian Metropolitan bishop of San Francisco, California, USA
*Panos Mihalopoulos (1949) actor
*Sokratis Papastathopoulos (1988) footballer
*Prokopis Pavlopoulos (1950) lawyer, university professor and politician
*Vassilis Photopoulos (1934-2007) painter, film director, art director and set designer
*Nikolaos Politis, folklorist
*Maria Polydouri (1902-1930) poet
*Kenny Stamatopoulos (1979) footballer
*Michail Stasinopoulos (1903-2002) lawyer, President of the Republic of Greece

porting team
*Apollon Kalamatas
*Kalamata FC - second division
*kos fc - third division
*Olympiakos Kalamatas
*Prasina Poulia Kalamatas (literally the Green Bird)

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Kalamata is twinned with:
* Aglantzia, Cyprus
* Bizerte, Tunisia
* Xi"an, China

ee als
*Kalamata (olive)
*Communities of Messenia


xternal link


Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Greece
Category:Cities, towns and villages in the Messenia Prefecture
Category:Greek prefectural capitals

ru:Каламата (город)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.02.2021 20:59 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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