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Kalamaria

Greece, Kalamaria
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"Kalamariá" () is a suburb of , Greece. It is a municipality (similar to a Borough) of the Urban Area, located about 5 km southeast of downtown . It is the largest municipality (with a population of 87,255 as of 2001) of the Urban Area, and has increased by 8% since the 1991 census.

istor
View of central , Greece from Karabournaki

The area was first settled by humans in prehistoric times, and remains from that settlement have been found around the Karabournaki cape.

The name Kalamaria was first used in 1083 to denote the area southeast of , including but not limited to the area of the present-day municipality. During the Byzantine and the Ottoman periods, the area was mostly uninhabited, except for a few fishing lodges.

The first settlement was created in the early 1920s to house refugees from the Greek diaspora in Georgia and Asia Minor, who fled or were forcibly sent to Greece as a result of the Greco-Turkish War. As many as 100,000 refugees relocated to , primarily to the city"s suburbs. Refugees of Pontic descent mainly relocated in Kalamaria, and the municipality"s population is predominantly of Pontic descent to this day.

Kalamaria has seen substantial recent growth as part of a population shift from rural and urban areas to suburban areas, particularly to those east of . Between the 1981 and 2001 censuses, the population of Kalamaria grew by about 36,000 (or, 69%). Up until 1943 Kalamaria was part of the Municipality of . On 1st of January 1943 it became an independent administrative unity.

Kalamaria had a population of 14,000 residents as recorded by an inventory in 1947, but this has considerably increased, as shown by the Greek census of 2001 where Kalamaria had a total of 87,255 residents. Kalamaria has the second highest population in the Council of the Town Planning Group of but also of Northern Greece and ninth in all of Greece.

Though it was originally separated from the main City of , the municipality has grown so much in the post-war period that the older physical boundaries are virtually non-existent. Nowadays, the border between the two municipalities exists purely for administrative purposes.

The total area of the Municipality of Kalamaria covers 7,200 acres. About two thirds of the perimeter are 6.5 km of coastline.
The municipality is separated into 10 geographical districts, which have been given names reminiscent of the refugees" former homelands.

*Nea Krini
*Nea Trapezounta
*Karabournaki
*Kouri Katirli
*Aretsou
*Ag. Ioannis
*Vyzantio
*Ag. Pantelimonas
*Navarchos Votsis (in honour of Admiral Nikolaos Votsis)
*Finikas (Fenekas in local language)

istorical populatio


porting team
Kalamaria has 14 sporting teams including the famous Apollon Kalamarias.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Kalamaria is twinned with:
* Saranda, Albania
* Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria
* Paphos, Cyprus
* Clearwater, Florida, United States
* Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia

otable resident
* The notable music composer, Stavros Koujioumtzis(1932-2005), was a resident of Kalamaria during the last years of his life. He was buried at Kalamaria"s municipal cemetery.
* One of the most famous natives of Kalamaria is the popular actor and comedian Harry Klynn (originally Vassilis Triantafylides) (born 1940). Klynn was candidate for Mayor of Kalamaria at the local elections of 2006.

ransportatio
The main roads to the city are Konstantinos Karamanlis Avenue(formerly Nea Egnatia) to the east, which links with the GR-16 superhighway to Chalkidiki, Taki Ekonomidi Avenue which links the popular suburb Nea Krini with the "s center and Megalou Alexandrou Avenue - the biggest street in - which links the old centre of the city with Kalamaria"s Karabournaki exclusive area. Another main road links with Thermi. The Ring, which bypasses most of the urban cluster of , lies to the southeast and east of Kalamaria.

The first Mobility Centre in Greece started functioning in Kalamaria (June 2008).

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*Communities of

eference


xternal link
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Category:Cities, towns and villages in the Prefecture
Category:Prefecture of


ar:كالاماريا
bg:Каламария
de:Kalamaria
et:Kalamariá
el:Καλαμαριά
nl:Kalamaria
nn:Kalamariá
pl:Kalamaria
pt:Kalamaria
ro:Kalamaria
sv:Kalamaria
tr:Kalamarya
vo:Kalamaria
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 04:00 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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