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Joensuu

Finland, Joensuu
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"Josuu" "(lit. "mouth of the river")" is a city and municipality in North Karelia in eastern Finland. It is located in the province of Eastern Finland and is part of North Karelia region. It was founded in 1848. The population of Josuu is }}}} ( }}).

Josuu is a lively studt city with over 8,000 studts rolled at the University of Josuu and a further 3,500 at the North Karelia University of Applied Scices.

The largest employers are the municipal City of Josuu, North Karelian Hospital District Federation of Municipalities, Abloy and Punamusta.

The European Forest Institute, the University and many other institutes and export terprises such as Abloy and John Deere Forestry give Josuu an international flavour.

History
church of Josuu is rowned for its sharply augmted towers, which in this image are tinged by the midnight sun and with a moonrise in the background.
Evangelical-Lutheran Church, Kirkkokatu, Josuu.
The city of "Josuu", which was founded by the Czar Nicholas I of Russia in 1848, is the regional ctre and the capital of North Karelia. During the 19th ctury Josuu was a city of manufacture and commerce. Wh in 1860 the city received dispsation rights to initiate commerce, former restrictions against industry were removed and the local sawmills began to prosper and expand. Water trafc was improved by the building of the Saimaa Canal. Consequtly, a lively commerce betwe the regions of North Karelia, St.Petersburg and Ctral Europe was abled. At the d of the 19th ctury Josuu was one of the largest harbour cities in Finland.

Throughout the cturies Karelian traders have plied the Pielisjoki River. The river has always be the lively heart of the city. Canals – completed by 1870 – increased the river trafc. Thousands of steamboats, barges and logging boats sailed along the river during the gold age of river trafc. The Pielisjoki River has also be an important log raft route, providing wood for the sawmills and for the tire lumber industry.

During the last few decades, the formerly modest agrarian town has developed into a vital cter of the province. Success in regional annexations, the establishmt of the province of Karelia and investmts in education have be the most decisive actions in this developmt.

Municipality of Pielissuu was consolidated with Josuu in 1954. At the beginning of 2005, the municipalities of Kiihtelysvaara and Tuupovaara were consolidated with Josuu. At the beginning of 2009 the municipalities of Eno and Pyhäselkä were consolidated with Josuu. After the most rest consolidations, there are approximately 72,000 inhabitants in the Josuu municipal area.

The University of Josuu has, in twty-ve years, expanded to eight faculties. The University of Josuu is one of the mainstays for the vitality of the city and so for all North Karelia. Diversied international cooperation in scice, industry and commerce bets the whole region.

The proximity of the eastern border has be an important factor in the history of the city. The Republic of Karelia is once again a signicant area for cooperation with nearby regions in Russia. Export companies in Josuu continue the pre-revolutionary traditions in foreign trade. Josuu offers varied cultural activities. A series of evts – Ilosaarirock, Josuu Music Winter, Festival of Visual Culture Viscult, Gospel festivals – and the unspoilt vironmt increase the attractivess of the city.

Josuu is sometimes referred to as the "Forest Capital of Europe", mainly due to the fact that the European Forest Institute is based there. Other forestry research and educational facilities are also based in Josuu.

Statistics
* Nearest airport with regular air service: Josuu Airport, Liperi, 11 km
* Nearest inland port: Josuu
* Districts: 26

Transport
Orthodox Church, Kirkkokatu, Josuu
Distances to other Finnish cities:


Josuu has a railway station, which offers intercity connections to Helsinki and local connections to several other places. Numbered bus service is available to all parts of Josuu. It also has an airport, with flights to Helsinki.

Sports

The ice hockey team Jokipojat plays in the Finnish second-tier league Mestis, and their home ara is the Mehtimäki Ice Hall.

ridship citie
* Linköping, Swed
* Roskilde, Dmark
* Ísafjarðarbær, Iceland
* Tønsberg, Norway
* Petrozavodsk, Russia
* Sortavala, Russia
* Suoyarvi, Russia

Referces


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Category:Cities and towns in Finland
Category:Municipalities of North Karelia Region

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.09.2017 07:04 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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