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"Jimbolia" (Romanian IPA pronunciation: /ʒim.", Banat Bulgarian: "Džimbolj", , , ) is a town in Timiş county, Romania. In 2004, it had a population of 11,605.

The earliest record of a community in this location is a place identified as "Chumbul" in a papal tax record in 1333. This place came under Turkish (Ottoman) administration in 1552. As a result of the Treaty of Passarowitz this place came under Austrian rule in 1718. The surrounding region had become seriously depopulated during the period of Turkish rule."Peace Handbooks", Vol. 1, "Austria Hungary", issued by the Historical Section of the Foreign Office (U.K.), London, 1920.

Jimbolia was colonized in 1766 by German-speaking settlers (Danube Swabians) who named their new community "Hatzfeld"."Ortsgeschichte von Hatzfeld", by Paul Martin, Banater Buchverkag, H, Anwender & Sohn, Timisoara, 1943. Later, this community was also identified as "Zombolya".

Hatzfeld/Zombolya came under Serbian military rule on Nov. 17, 1918."Die Temesvarer Zeitung als Banater Geschichtsquelle (1852-1949)", by Alexander Krishnan, Munich, 1969. As a result of the Treaty of Trianon, Hatzfeld/Zombolya came within the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes as of July 4, 1920. As the result of an adjustment in the border between Romania and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, it became part of Romania with the name "Jimbolia" on April 9, 1924. At the same time, the village of Modosch was transferred from Romania to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

The painter Stefan Jäger, known for his depiction of Danube Swabian life and history, lived in the town from 1910 until his death in 1962.

The notorious Hungarian political figure Dr. Franz Anton Basch was born here on July 1, 1901."The Danube Swabians", by Geza Paikert, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1967.


Formerly, the town was populated mainly by ethnic Germans, but as result of emigration and the Romanianization, the Romanians form currently the largest ethnic group.


Image:Statuia Sf. Florian Jimbolia.jpg|Statue of Saint Florian, patron of firemen and a symbol of the city
Image:Jimbolia2 028.jpg|Roman Catholic church
Image:Muzeul Stefan Jager Jimbolia.jpg|Ştefan Jager Museum
Image:Turnul Pompierilor din Jimbolia.jpg|Firemen"s Tower
Image:Gara Jimbolia.jpg|Rail station
Image:Strada in Jimbolia.jpg|Street scene
Image:Casa Svabeasca Jimbolia.jpg|Traditional Swabian house, protected historic landmark


Category:Cities in Romania
Category:Danube Swabian communities
Category:Romania–Serbia border crossings

Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.10.2018 10:09 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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