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Jaworzno

Poland, Jaworzno
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"Jaworzno" is a city in southern Poland, near Katowice. The east district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 millions. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Przemsza river (tributary of the Vistula).

It is situated in the since its formation in 1999, previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. Jaworzno is one of the cities of the 2,7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 peopleEuropean Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) . The population of the city is 95,520 (2008) - Central Statistical Office in Poland ISSN 1505-5507 , 13.08.2008.

eograph
ocatio
Jaworzno is located in the Silesian Highlands topographic region, in the historical region of Silesia, specifically Upper Silesia.

dministrative positio
Jaworzno was placed into the (province) effective January 1, 1999 under the Local Government Reorganization Act. Previously, it was attached to the Katowice Voivodeship (1975-1998) and before that to the Krak贸w Voivodeship.

Jaworzno lies in the east of the largest metropolis in Poland and is one of the largest in the European Union, numbering about 3,5 million. This urban expansion bloomed in the 19th century thanks to the rapid development of the mining and metallurgical industries.

In the year 2006 Jaworzno and 14 neighboring cities formed the multimunicipal structure, the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union. Its population is 2 million and its area is 1,304 km虏. In 2006 and 2007, the Union made plans to dissolve into a single city under the name "Silesia".

Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union
limat
The climate of the area is continental humid. The annual average temperature is 8 degrees Celsius (January average -1.7掳C and July average 17.7掳C). Yearly rainfall averages at 750 mm, the most rainy month being July. The area"s characterisitc weak winds blow at about 2 m/s from the west (Moravian Gate).

istrict
Districts of Jaworzno.
Jaworzno on the map from before 1914
* Bory
* Byczyna
* Cezar贸wka
* Ci臋偶kowice
* D膮browa Narodowa
* D艂ugoszyn
* Dobra
* Gigant
* G贸ra Piasku
* Jele艅 (Deer)
* Jeziorki
* Ko藕min
* Niedzieliska
* Pieczyska
* Si艂ownia
* Podwale
* Stare Miasto
* Szczakowa
* 艢r贸dmie艣cie
* Wilkoszyn
* Wysoki Brzeg

istor
The first known mention of Jaworzno was in the 13th century. Historically linked with Malopolska (Lesser Poland) to the east, the area was originally under the rule of the bishops of Krak贸w. After Austria seized Silesia at the end of the 17th century, several coal mines were developed near Jaworzno. After the First World War it was included in newly independent Poland.

During the Second World War "SS-Lager Dachsgrube", a branch of the German concentration camp of Auschwitz, was established there. This was converted into Central Labour Camp Jaworzno after the war. It was also a location of several POW camps for the Western Allies.

nvironmen
Sosina artificial lake.
Greens, forests, and undeveloped land constitute 60 percent of the town"s area. Jaworzno has environmentally valuable areas which as a group present a diversity of landscapes and vegetation as well as a richness of flora and fauna. These include the Dolina Zabnika nature reserve, the Dobra Wilkoszyn landscape protection area, the Sasanka natural surface monument, Grodzisko hill, and Sosina lake. Within Jaworzno"s boundaries there are 41 plant species under strict protection and 11 under partial protection.

edi
* TV Station
** CTv Jaworzno
* Newspapers
** "Co Tydzie艅"
** "Tydzie艅 w Jaworznie"
** "呕贸艂ty Je偶"
** "Extra"
** "Sok贸艂 Jaworznicki"

port and cultur
Sports Hall.
The city of Jaworzno has many sporting facilities at the Europe-wide level and offers a rich variety of educational and cultural activities. The city major arena, the "Hala Widowiskowo-Sportowa", can seat 2,500 spectators. The "Sosina" water sports centre is the venue for the annual Polish water-skiing championships.

ootbal
* Szczakowianka Jaworzno - football team (1st league 2002/2003)

Famous people from Jaworzn
* Pawe艂 Sarna
* Wojciech Sa艂uga
* Andrzej Stalmach
* Basia Trzetrzelewska
* Jan Urban
* Bogdan Wo艂kowski
* Shelomo Selinger

nternational relation

win towns 鈥 Sister citie
Jaworzno is twinned with:
* Karvin谩
* Szigethalom

ee als
* Central Labour Camp Jaworzno

eference


xternal link

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 03.07.2020 19:04 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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