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Izola

Slovenia, Izola
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"" () is an old fishing town and a municipality in southwestern Slovenia on the Adriatic coast of the Istrian peninsula. Its name originates from the Italian "Isola", which means island.

History

An ancient Roman port and settlement known as Haliaetum stood to the southwest of the present town as early as the 2nd century BC. The town of was established on a small island by refugees from Aquileia in the 7th century . The coastal areas of Istria came under Venetian influence in the 9th century. The settlement was first mentioned in writing as "Insula" in a Venetian document entitled Liber albus in 932AD." was first mentioned in written sources in a Venetian document entitled Liber albus dated 14 January 932" It became definitely the territory of the Republic of Venice in 1267, and the centuries of Venetian rule left a strong and enduring mark on the region. The Venetian part of the peninsula passed to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in 1797 with the Treaty of Campo Formio, until the period of Napoleonic rule from 1805 to 1813 when Istria became part of the Illyrian provinces of the Napoleonic Empire. After this short period, during which "s walls were torn down and used to fill in the channel that separated the island from the mainland, the newly established Austrian Empire ruled Istria until November 1918. Then Istria became part of the Kingdom of Italy, until Italian capitulation in September 1943, whereupon control passed to Germany. was liberated by a naval unit from Koper at the end of April 1945. After the end of World War II, was part of Zone B of the provisionally independent Free Territory of Trieste; after the "de facto" dissolution of the Free Territory in 1954 it was incorporated into Slovenia, then a part of Yugoslavia. The newly defined Italo-Yugoslav border saw the migration of many people from one side to the other. In "s case, many Italian speakers chose to leave, and in their place Slovenian-speaking people from neighbouring villages settled in the town.

In 1820, a thermal spring was discovered in , leading to the town"s earliest forms of tourism. Between 1902 and 1935 the Parenzana, a narrow-gauge railway line connected the town to Trieste and Poreč (Parenzo until 1947). Today has many hotels near the sea, a famous discothèque (Embassy of Gavioli) Ambasada Gavioli, many art galleries, summer concerts, street performances and a movie festival.

Population

The municipality has 14,549 inhabitants. There are marginally more females (7,385) than males (7,164). By mother tongue, they identify themselves as Slovenes (12,059), Croatians (1,099), Italians (520) and Serbo-Croatians (562) with other smaller minorities.

;Population by mother language, census 2002
:Slovene 12,059 (71.14%)
:Croatian 1,099 (7.94%)
:Italian 520 (3.96%)
:Serbo-Croatian 562 (3.86%)
:Bosnian 537 (3.69%)
:Serbian 385 (2,65%)
:Macedonian 124 (0.85%)
:Albanian 93 (0.64%)
:Others and Unknown 970 (6.67%)
:Total 14,549

Municipality

The municipality of -Isola is officially bilingual, with both Slovene and Italian as official languages

In addition to town, the broader municipality includes the villages of Baredi, Cetore, Dobrava, Jagodje, Korte, Malija, Nožed, Šared.

References


External links

* , official page of municipality (in Slovene and Italian)
*
*





Category:Cities, towns and villages in Slovenia
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hr:
id:
it:Isola (Slovenia)
la:Insula Histriae
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ja:イゾラ
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ru:Изола
sl:Občina
sr:Изола
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sv:
zh:伊佐拉
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.08.2019 15:51 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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