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Idrija

Slovenia, Idrija
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"" (Italian: "Idria") is a small town and municipality in the Goriška region of Slovenia. It is known for its mercury mine (currently in the process of closure) and lace.

Near there was an archeological find of an approximately 43,100 year-old juvenile cave bear femur at Divje Babe, which may be a prehistoric flute.
town square
Under Austrian rule it was known as "Idria". Mercury was discovered there in 1497, and mining productions were taken over by the government in 1580. See mercury mine.

According to legend, a bucket maker working in a local spring spotted a small amount of liquid mercury over 500 years ago. is one of the few places in the world where mercury occurs in both its elemental liquid state and as cinnabar (mercury sulfide) ore. The subterranean shaft mine entrance known as Anthony"s Shaft (Antonijev rov) is used today for tours of the upper levels, complete with life-sized vignettes of workers over the ages. The lower levels, which reach to almost 400 meters below the surface and are no longer being actively mined, are currently being remediated.

The ghost town of New Idria, California, a site of mercury mining during the 19th-century California Gold Rush, was named after .

The Parish Church in the town is dedicated to Saint Joseph the Worker and belongs to the Diocese of Koper. There are three other churches in , dedicated to The Holy Trinity, Saint Anthony of Padua and to Our Lady of Sorrows.

Famous natives and residents
*Aleš Bebler, Slovene Communist leader, resistance fighter, and diplomat;
*Stanko Bloudek, designer;
*Aleš Čar, writer;
*Karel Dežman, Carniolan politician and scholar;
*Belsazar Hacquet; French natural scientist;
*Vladimír Karfík, Czechoslovak architect;
*Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director and poet;
*Marko Ivan Rupnik, artist, philosopher and theologian
*Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian natural scientist.

eference


External links
The hilly landscape above
* , official page of municipality (in Slovene)
*
*
*
*
* , a page in English about the town and its history.
*






Category:
Category:Mining communities in Europe
Category:Mercury mines





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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.10.2019 16:49 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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