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Herisau

Switzerland, Herisau
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Herisau
"Herisau" is a municipality of the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. It is the seat of the canton"s government and parliament; the judicial authorities are situated in Trogen.

The central hamlet and the houses around the central square, the Protestant church of 1580, the houses "Wetter" and "zur Rose" (both 1737), the hamlet "Schwänberg" and the government building with the state archive are listed as heritage sites of national significance.Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance (1995), p. 55.

istor
Herisau was first mentioned in 837 as "Herinisauva", and its church is mentioned in 907. In 1084 Herisau was destroyed as part of battles around the monastery in St. Gallen. In 1248 and 1249 the town was destroyed again, this time by the monastery to establish loyalty. In 1401 Herisau joined an alliance with other places in Appenzell as part of the Appenzell Wars.

Between 1517 and 1518 Herisau managed to buy itself free from the monastery. The town hall was built in 1601. In 1606 the town was largely destroyed by a fire. In 1648 Schwellbrunn separates and becomes an independent village. Between 1798 and 1803 Herisau was the capital of the canton "Säntis".

eograph
Herisau village
Herisau has an area, , of . Of this area, 56.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 27.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 15.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).

The municipality is located in the former District of Hinterland. It is located at the crossing point of two major routes through the region, the St. Gallen-Toggenburg road and the Gossau-Appenzell road. In addition to being the capital of the half canton, about one-third of the population of the entire half canton lives in Herisau. It consists of the village of Herisau and scattered hamlets as well as bedroom communities and industrial sections. Before 1648 it controlled about twice the land area as is currently part of the municipality. Until 1648 Schwellbrunn was part of the municipality and until 1720, Waldstatt was part of Herisau.

emographic
Herisau has a population () of 15,527, of which about 17.9% are foreign nationals. accessed 15 September 2009 Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -5.2%. Most of the population () speaks German (87.0%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 3.8%) and Italian being third ( 3.4%). accessed 15-Sep-2009

, the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. The age distribution, , in Herisau is; 1,194 people or 7.5% of the population are between 0-6 years old. 1,775 people or 11.2% are 6-15, and 835 people or 5.3% are 16-19. Of the adult population, 945 people or 6.0% of the population are between 20-24 years old. 4,760 people or 30.0% are 25-44, and 3,831 people or 24.1% are 45-64. The senior population distribution is 1,702 people or 10.7% of the population are between 65-79 years old, and 840 people or 5.3% are over 80. accessed 15 September 2009

In the 2007 federal election the FDP received 76.7% of the vote.

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Herisau about 66.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a "Fachhochschule").

istorical populatio
Herisau about 1900
The historical population is given in the following table:



eathe
Herisau has an average of 154 days of rain per year and on average receives of precipitation. The wettest month is July during which time Herisau receives an average of of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 13.9 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 15.3, but with only of precipitation. The driest month of the year is February with an average of of precipitation over 13.9 days. , the weather station elevation is 700 meters above sea level.

Econom
Herisau is located in the centre of eastern Switzerland. As early as 1537 it established itself as an important centre of trade and commerce.

Herisau has an unemployment rate of 2.01%. , there were 340 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 115 businesses involved in this sector. 2,959 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 189 businesses in this sector. 4,505 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 651 businesses in this sector.

otable resident
*Robert Walser (1878-1956), writer
*Johannes Baumann, member of the Swiss Federal Council (1934–1940)
*Hans-Rudolf Merz, member of the Swiss Federal Council (since 2004)
*Paul Giger (born 1952), violinist and composer
*Jonas Hiller, National Hockey League goaltend

eference


xternal link
*http://www.herisau.ch official website
*




Category:Cities in Switzerland
Category:
Category:Municipalities of Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Category:Cultural property of national significance in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 24.05.2015 16:54 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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