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Hattingen

Germany, Hattingen
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"Hattingen" is a German town located in northern part of the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district, in North Rhine-Westphalia.

istor
Hattingen is located at the south bank of River Ruhr in the southern of the Ruhr Area. The town was first mentioned in 1396 when the Duke of Mark granted permission to build a city wall. Today Hattingen has a pituresque Old Town with half-timbered houses originating from the 14th to 16th century. The old city is partly surrounded by city walls still today.

There are three castles remaining within the municipal area of Hattingen. Castle Isenburg was built in the 12th century in the hillsides above the Ruhr. The castle was destroyed in 1225, prominent ruines remain though. Castle Blankenstein was built in the 13th century above River Ruhr and House Kemnade is a moated castle from the 16th century. All castles are famous touristic landmarks and opened to the public.
Hattingen became part of the Hanseatic League in 1554 and became an important trading town.

In 1720 there were 52 operating coal mines within the municipal area and Hattingen became one of the first industrial cities of the Ruhr Area.
Steel production started in 1853, when the Henrichshütte was founded. The Henrichshütte should become one of the most important employer of the whole region and dominated the town until its closure in 1987.

Today Hattingen still faces problems concerning the economic structural change, but is becoming a centre of tourism, especially the historical center of this town.

Neighbouring places

The neighbouring towns are Bochum, Essen, Sprockhövel, Velbert, Witten and Wuppertal.

Division of the town
Hattingen is divided into the districts of:
* Blankenstein with Burg Blankenstein
* Bredenscheid-Stüter
* Hattingen-Mitte
* Holthausen
* Niederbonsfeld
* Niederelfringhausen
* Niederwenigern
* Oberelfringhausen
* Oberstüter
* Welper
* Winz-Baak

otable person
* Erich Warsitz, world"s first jet pilot
* Harald Siepermann, Character Designer
* Marie-Luise Marjan, actress
* Jamiri (Jan-Michael Richter), comic artist
* Andreas Bieber, singer and actor
*Mirjam Müntefering, author
*Caliban (band)

External links
*
* (in German)
* (in German)
* (in German)
*





Category:Towns in North Rhine-Westphalia
Category:Members of the Hanseatic League

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 28.06.2022 11:59 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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