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Hanau

Germany, Hanau
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"Hanau" is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 25 km east of Frankfurt am Main.

Geography
istricts


istor
Hanau was first mentioned in 1143 and became a city in 1303.


At the end of the 16th century, Count Philipp Ludwig II allowed Protestant refugees from the Netherlands to found their own settlement near Hanau, to which these Walloons brought their knowledge of jewellery production. For this reason goldsmiths are still educated there. In the 19th century the "Neustadt" ("New Town"), as it was called, was merged with Hanau.

In the 19th century Hanau was a centre of the German democratic movement and contributed significantly both in 1830 and in the Revolution of 1848. Also in 1848 the German Gymnastic League ("Turnerbund") was founded here.

During World War II Hanau was for the most part destroyed by British airstrikes in March 1945 a few days before it was taken by the US Army. It remained a large US Army garrison until 2008.

Nowadays many inhabitants work in the technological industry (VAC, Heraeus) or commute to Frankfurt. Frankfurt International Airport is only 30 km away.

opulatio
* Hanau is the 6th largest town in Hesse. Having recently lost its status as administrative centre of the Main-Kinzig-Kreis (Main-Kinzig district) to Gelnhausen, proposals have been made, that Hanau should form its own administrative district.
* More than 20% of the inhabitants are foreign nationals.

nternational relation


Hanau is twinned with 5 other towns:
* Dartford, United Kingdom
* Tottori, Japan
* Yaroslavl, Russia
* Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, France
* Francheville, Rhône, France
(Doorn, Netherlands terminated in January 2009.)

In addition it is associated with two other towns:
* Waltershausen, Thuringia, Germany
* Pays de Hanau, France

ight
* The German House of Goldsmiths (Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus)
* Philippsruhe Castle
* Health Establishment at Hanau-Wilhelmsbad
* St Mary"s Church (Marienkirche)
* Walloon-Dutch Church (Wallonisch-Niederländische Kirche)


File:Hanau Wilhelmsbad Kuranlage.jpg|Historic Spa of Wilhelmsbad - Today Part of Hanau
File:Hanau_Schloss_Philippsruhe.jpg|Philippsruhe Palace of Hanau
File:Hanau_Philippsruhe_lion.jpg|Lion at the Philippsruhe Palace
File:Goldschmiedehaus Hanau.jpg|German House of Goldsmiths (old town hall of Hanau)


amous resident
Sculpture of brothers Grimm in Hanau

* The Brothers Grimm ("Brüder Grimm") collected many German fairy tales and started work on the German Glossary.
* Ludwig Emil Grimm, painter, younger brother of Jacob and Wilhelm
* Tayfur Havutçu, Turkish footballer
* Paul Hindemith, composer
* Rudi Völler, football/soccer world champion 1990 and coach of the German national team, when it was runner-up in 2002.
* Wilhelm Wagenfeld, Designer (1900-1990)
* Mike Minnix, USAF & Aviation (1962 - )
* J. C. C. Devaranne was born in Hanau on March 8, 1784.
* Karl Storck, Romanian sculptor, born in Hanau on March 30, 1887.
* Louis Appia, surgeon, member of the Geneva "Committee of Five" (precursor to the International Committee of the Red Cross)
* Moritz Daniel Oppenheim, painter, often regarded as the first Jewish painter of the modern era.

port
* Turngemeinde 1837 Hanau a.V. (TGH), one of the oldest of Germany"s sports clubs
* Hanauer Rudergesellschaft 1879 e.V. (HRG), one of Germany"s oldest rowing clubs
* 1.Hanauer FC 1893 e.V. (Hanau "93), Hesse"s oldest football/soccer club

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eference


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ru:Ханау
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zh:哈瑙
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 29.06.2022 21:17 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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