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Haapsalu

Estonia, Haapsalu
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"Haapsalu" (German and ; ) is a seaside resort town located on the west coast of Estonia; the name is from Estonian "haab" "aspen" + "salu" "grove."E.M. Pospelov, "Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira" (Moscow, 1998), p. 444. It has been well-known for centuries for its warm seawater, curative mud and peaceful atmosphere. Narrow streets with early twentieth century wooden houses lead to the sea again and again. Haapsalu has been called the "Venice of the North" due to this plentitude of water. During the Cold War, Tokhaapsalu air base southwest of town was home to an interceptor aircraft regiment.

History
The town dates back to 1279, when it was chartered and became the centre of the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek, which it remained for the next 300 years. Buildings from those early days remain today, including an episcopal castle which has the largest single-nave cathedral in the Baltic states, Haapsalu Castle.

For many years, locals have claimed that the sea mud has a curative effect. A military doctor, Carl Abraham Hunnius, founded the first mud cure resort in 1825. News of the curative mud quickly reached the aristocracy of Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. Ever since then, Haapsalu has been a popular summer destination where people from all around the world come for medical treatment. Today, there are three mud cure establishments in Haapsalu varying in size and location.

Haapsalu and the surrounding area was the center for the Swedish population in Estonia from the 13th century until the evacuation of almost all ethnic Swedes from Estonia in 1944.

In the 19th century, Haapsalu became famous for its shawls, a delicate craft made by local women. The Land of Ilon Wikland (Wiklandia), a recreation centre for children, is set to open in a few years within the town. This world famous book illustrator has been involved with Haapsalu since her childhood. The August Blues Festival is held every August in Haapsalu.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Haapsalu is twinned with:


Gallery

File:Haapsalu.jpg|Aerial view of Haapsalu
File:Haapsalu PeterGreat.jpg|House in which Peter I of Russia supposedly stayed in 1715.
File:HaapsaluRailwayStation2007.JPG|Haapsalu Railway Station, now disused, and notable for the length of its platform canopy.


References


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Category:Settlements established in the 13th century
Category:Lääne County
Category:Cities and towns in Estonia
Category:Municipalities of Estonia
Category:1279 establishments
Category:Villages in Estonia

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.11.2018 17:48 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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REISEPORTAL
"Estonia" (;; ), officially the "Republic of Estonia" (), is a state in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km),
"Kuressaare" () is a town and a municipality on island in Estonia. It is the capital of Saare County. The current population is about 15,300.The town is situated on the coast of Gulf of Riga and is served by Kuressaare Airport.Kuressaare castle
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
"Valga" may refer to:*a town called Valga in Estonian; cf. Valka (in Latvia)*Valga, a town in Galicia, Spaines:Valga (desambiguación)gl:Valga (homónimos)it:Valganl:Valgann:Valgapt:Valga
dministrative district200pxFor local government purposes, is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (, singular "linnaosa"). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned
 
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