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Gnjilane

Kosovo, Gnjilane
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Building in Gnjilane.

"Gnjilane" or "Gjilan" ( or "Gjilan"; , "Gnjilane", ) is a city and municipality in eastern Kosovo. It is the administrative center of the District of Gnjilane. It is famous for having been recorded the lowest temperature in Kosovo with on 25 January 1963.

ame and histor

The origin of the town name is disputed. Albanian sources claim that the town was originally established in 1572 by the Gjinolli family, who arrived from Novo Brdo, one of the most important late-medieval cities in the central Balkans. However, there is no definite evidence to support that claim, and in fact no one can confirm as to who the first true inhabitants were, or when they first settled there.

In 1915, in and around the city, the Serbian army made a futile stand against the 1st Army of Bulgaria, during the World War I Battle of Kosovo. That battle resulted in the ultimate defeat of the Serbian military, and the occupation by the forces allied with the then German Empire. In World War II there was a significant amount of activity in and around Gnjilane by the Partisans fighting against Nazi Germany and her allies. Monuments to these actions can still be found today, one of which is located in the middle of the village of Koretiste. In 1999, Camp Monteith was established outside the city as a base of operations for KFOR during Operation Joint Guardian, on the site of a destroyed Serbian military base which is handed over to Kosovo Protection Corps in 2007 after U.S. Military downsized their troops. Gnjilane has also served as the regional headquarters of the UNMIK International Police task force from 1999.

opulatio



In April 2008, the Gnjilane municipality was estimated to have over 130,000 residents.

conom
There are 3,700 registered private businesses in the municipality employing 7,900 people. Before 1999, Gnjilane was an important industrial centre in Kosovo. Still in operation are the radiator factory and tobacco factory, which has been recently privatized. The new city business incubator, supported by the European Agency for Reconstruction, was inaugurated in Summer 2007.

eature
Gnjilane is now the administrative center of the District of Gnjilane of Kosovo. Since February 15, 2003, it is the headquarters of the Local Democracy Agency in Kosovo of the Council of Europe.

port
Gnjilane is home to the Basketball club Drita Gjilan, the football clubs KF Gjilani and KF Drita and Volleyball club KV Drita, male and female- the most successful club in Gnjilane"s history.

otes and reference

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Category:Cities, towns and villages in Kosovo



bs:Gnjilane
bg:Гниляне (Косово)
ca:Gnjilane
de:Gnjilane
es:Gnjilane (Ciudad)
fa:گنییلان
fr:Gjilan
hr:Gnjilane
it:Gnjilane
lt:Gnjilanė
nl:Gjilan
pl:Gnjilane
ru:Гнилане
sq:Gjilani
sr:Гњилане
sh:Gnjilane
sv:Gnjilane
tr:Gilan, Kosova
zh:格尼拉内
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.05.2022 13:50 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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