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Giurgiu

Romania, Giurgiu
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"Giurgiu" is the capital city of , Romania, in the Greater Wallachia. It is situated amid mud-flats and marshes on the left bank of the Danube facing the Bulgarian city of Rousse on the opposite bank. Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its port, Smarda. The rich grain-growing land to the north is traversed by a railway to Bucharest, the first line opened in Romania, which was built in 1869 and afterwards extended to Smarda. Giurgiu exports timber, grain, salt and petroleum, and imports coal, iron, and textiles.

The Giurgiu-Ruse Friendship Bridge, the only one in the shared Bulgarian-Romanian section of the Danube, crosses the river in the outskirts of the city.

opulatio
According to the 2002 census, Giurgiu has a population of 69,345. In 1900 its population was 13,977; in 1930 it had a population of 30,348.

istor
The area around Giurgiu was densely populated at the time of the Dacians (first century BC) as archeological evidence shows, and Burebista"s capital was in this area (it is thought to be in Popeşti on the Argeş river). During the Roman times this was the site of Theodorapolis, a city built by the Roman emperor Justinian (483-565).
A marketplace in Giurgiu 1848
A marketplace in Giurgiu 1837

The city of Giurgiu was probably established in the 14th century as a port on the Danube by the Genoese merchant adventurers, who established a bank and traded in silks and velvets. They called the city after the patron saint of Genoa, San Giorgio (St George), and hence comes its present name. It was first mentioned in Codex Latinus Parisinus in 1395, during the reign of Mircea I of Wallachia, and was conquered by the Ottomans in 1420 as a way to control the Danube traffic. The Ottomans named the city Yergöğü, as if from "yer" "earth" + "gök" "sky," but the name was probably given because of the similarity between the pronunciations of "(San) Giorgio" and "Yergöğü".

As a fortified city, Giurgiu figured often in the wars for the conquest of the lower Danube, especially in the struggle of Mihai Viteazul (1593–1601) against the Turks and in the later Russo-Turkish Wars. It was burned in 1659. In 1829, its fortifications were finally razed, the only defence left being a castle on the island of Slobozia, united to the shore by a bridge.

In 1952–1954, during the Communist regime, the USSR helped build the bridge between Giurgiu and Ruse, The Bridge of Friendship, the only bridge on the Danube linking Romania and Bulgaria.

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Category:Settlements on the Danube

Category:Municipalities of Romania
Category:
Category:Bulgaria–Romania border crossings

ar:جورجيو
bg:Гюргево
ca:Giurgiu
cs:Giurgiu
da:Giurgiu
de:Giurgiu
et:Giurgiu
es:Giurgiu
eo:Giurgiu
fr:Giurgiu
hr:Giurgiu (grad)
id:Giurgiu
it:Giurgiu
ka:გიურგიუ
hu:Gyurgyevó
nl:Giurgiu (stad)
ja:ジュルジュ
no:Giurgiu (by)
nn:Giurgiu
pl:Giurgiu
pt:Giurgiu
ro:Giurgiu
ru:Джурджу (город)
sr:Ђурђу
tg:Ҷурҷу
tr:Yergöğü
zh:久爾久
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.04.2021 05:30 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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