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Giannitsa

Greece, Giannitsa
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"Giannitsa" or "Yannitsa" (; in English, also Yenitsa, Yenije) is the largest town and municipality in Prefecture, Central Macedonia, Greece. It chief importance is as an agricultural centre - especially since it is 40 km from Thessaloniki.

The former shallow, swampy, and variable-sized "Giannitsa Lake" or "Loudias Lake" (classical), south of the town, was drained in 1928-1932 by the New York Foundation Company.Eugene N. Borza, "In the shadow of Olympus: the emergence of Macedon" (1992) ISBN 0691008809, p. 289; Matthieu Ghilardi "et al.", "Human occupation and geomorphological evolution of the Thessaloniki Plain (Greece) since mid Holocene", "Journal of Archaeological Science" "35":1:111-125 (January 2008) It or the surrounding marshland are sometimes called "Borboros" "slime" or "Borboros Limen".Ghilardi; Théophile Alphonse Desdevises-du-Dezert, "Géographie ancienne de la Macédoine" (A. Durand, 1863)

Not far from the city are the ruins of ancient , birthplace and capital of Alexander the Great. Giannitsa (then called Yenije) was an important center in the Ottoman period, and several important monuments survive: the tombs of Gazi Evrenos (a 19th-century substitute for the original) and Gazi Ahmed Bey, the Great Mosque, the Army Mosque, the hammam of Evrenos, and the clocktower, which have been declared historical monuments by the Greek Archaeological Service.Vasilis Demetriades, "The Tomb of Ghāzī Evrenos Bey at Yenitsa and Its Inscription", "Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies" (University of London) "39":2:328-332 (1976); Eleni Kanetaki, "The Still Existing Ottoman "Hamam"s in the Greek Territory", "Middle East Technical University Journal of the Faculty of Architecture" "21":1-2:81-110 (2005); citing M. Kiel, "Yenice-i Vardar. A forgotten Turkish cultural center in Macedonia of the 15th and 16th century", "Studia Byzantina et Neohellenica Neerlandica" "3":300-329 (1971)

The town is home to 26,296 people (2001 census), and its attractions include the annual fair, the "Paniyiri", which runs for two weeks every September. The municipality has a population of 31,442 and a land area of 208.105 km². Other significant towns in the municipality are Ampeleíai (pop. 1,095), Melíssion (983), Pentaplátanon (956), and Paralímni (816).

The city was called Γενιτσά until February 1926 when its name was Hellenized.Institute for Neohellenic Research, "Name Changes of Settlements in Greece" In other languages, the city is called: Ottoman Turkish "Yenice-i Vardar" ("new-town of Vardar", as opposed to "Yenice-i Karasu", modern Genisea, near Xanthi and known for tobacco), Turkish: "Yenice" or "Vardar Yenicesi", Macedonian and , "Enidže Vardar" or Пазар, "Pazar".

istor

Though there was probably a pre-existing Byzantine castle in the vicinity, the importance of the city of Yenije begins with its foundation by Gazi Evrenos in around 1372. Yenije became the base of the ghazi followers of Evrenos who took Macedonia and later Albania. Yenice was an important Ottoman cultural center in the 15th and 16th centuries.

Yenije was a battleground between Bulgarian-Macedonian and Greek-Macedonian partisans in the Struggle for Macedonia. Penelope Delta"s "Secrets of the Swamp" (referring to the shores of Giannitsa Lake) is a romanticised account of this from the Greek point of view.

Yenije "retained its emphatically Turkish character up to 1912" and members of the Evrenos family lived in Yenice in a large palace in the center of town until then. The Greek army captured Yenice after the Battle of Giannitsa in the First Balkan War (1912); part of the town was destroyed by fire.Demetriades, p. 329

On 14 September 1944, during the German occupation of Greece, about 120 residents of Giannitsa were executed by forces of the Jagdkommando Schubert and collaborationist Greek units under the command of G. Poulos. Part of the city was also burned.

otable peopl
*Gazi Evrenos, founder of the Ottoman city, whose mausoleum is in the center of town
*Georgios Gonos Giotas, ("1880 - 1911") - revolutionary in the Macedonian Struggle
*Apostol Petkov or "The Sun of Enidže Vardar", ("1869 - 1911") - revolutionary and voivode for the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization

eference


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Category:
Category:Cities, towns and villages in the Prefecture

ar:يانيتسا
bg:Енидже Вардар
de:Giannitsa
el:Γιαννιτσά
fr:Giannitsá
mk:Пазар (град)
nn:Jannitsá
pl:Jenidze
ro:Giannitsa
ru:Янница
simple:Giannitsa
tr:Giannitsa
uk:Янниця
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 24.11.2020 10:17 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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