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Frankfurt (Oder)

Germany, Frankfurt (Oder)
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|PLZ = 15201–15236
|Vorwahl = 0335
|Kfz = FF
|Gemeindeschlüssel = 12 0 53 000
|Adresse = Marktplatz 1 15230 Frankfurt (Oder)
|Website =
|Bürgermeister = Martin Patzelt
|Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
|Partei = CDU
}}
"Frankfurt (Oder)" () is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the town of Słubice which was a part of Frankfurt until 1945. At the end of the 1980s it reached a population peak with more than 87,000 inhabitants. The number dropped below 70,000 in 2002 and is expected to reach 58,000 in 2010.

The official name "Frankfurt (Oder)" and the older "Frankfurt an der Oder" are used to distinguish it from the larger city of Frankfurt am Main.


istor

The town of Frankfurt was chartered in 1253 at the Brandendamm, although the settlement is probably considerably older. The early settlers lived on the western banks of the Oder; later the town was extended to the eastern bank (today"s Słubice). In late medieval times the town dominated the river trade between Breslau (Wrocław) and Stettin (Szczecin). In 1430 Frankfurt joined the , but was a member for only a short time.

In April 1631, during the Thirty Years" War, Frankfurt was the site of the Battle of Frankfurt an der Oder between the Swedish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire. After a two-day siege, Swedish forces, supported by Scottish auxiliaries,Mackillop (2003), p.64 stormed the town.Bröckling (1998), p.57 The result was a Swedish victory.

With the dissolution of the Margraviate of Brandenburg during the Napoleonic Wars, Frankfurt became part of the Province of Brandenburg in 1815. In the 19th century, Frankfurt played an important role in trade. Centrally positioned in the Kingdom of Prussia between Berlin and Poznań, on the heavily-trafficked river Oder, the town housed the second-largest annual trade fair ("Messe") of the German Reich, surpassed only by that in Leipzig.

There was intense fighting for the town in 1945 during World War II when the town was declared a fortress ("Festung") in an attempt to block the Red Army"s route to Berlin. The postwar German-Polish border ran along the Oder, separating the "Dammvorstadt" on the eastern bank from the rest of Frankfurt; it became the Polish town of Słubice. While part of communist East Germany, Frankfurt was administered within Bezirk Frankfurt (Oder). It became part of the reconstituted state of Brandenburg with German reunification in 1990.

Today, Frankfurt and Słubice have friendly relations and run several common projects and facilities. Poland joined the European Union on 1 May 2004, and implemented the Schengen Agreement on December 21, 2007 leading to the removal of permanent border controls.

In the post-communist era Frankfurt has suffered from high unemployment and low economic growth. Its population has fallen significantly from around 87,000 at the time of German reunification in 1990.

FC Viktoria Frankfurt is the town"s local football team.

In March 2008 the Jewish community of Frankfurt celebrated its first Torah dedication since the Holocaust. The procession of the new Torah scroll began from the spot where the town’s Frankfurter Synagogue stood prior to World War II, 500 meters from Germany’s border with Poland. Celebrants, including students from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, marched the scroll into the town’s Chabad-Lubavitch center, where they danced with the Torah that was donated by members of the Chabad-Lubavitch community in Berlin.

uropean universit



The Margraviate of Brandenburg"s first university was Frankfurt"s Alma Mater Viadrina, founded in 1506 by Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg. An early chancellor, Bishop Georg von Blumenthal (1490-1550), was a notable opponent of the Protestant Reformation, as he remained a Catholic. Frankfurt also trained the noted archbishop Albert of Brandenburg around 1510, who also became a vocal opponent of the Reformation. The university was closed in 1811, and its assets divided between the new universities in Berlin (today"s Humboldt University) and Breslau (University of Wrocław).

The university was refounded in 1991 with a European emphasis as the Viadrina European University, with close cooperation with the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań; they jointly run the Collegium Polonicum in Słubice.

See also

* Stadtarchiv Frankfurt (Oder)

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Frankfurt (Oder) is twinned with:


ilms set in Frankfur

In recent years, Frankfurt has been the setting for several notable German films:

* "Halbe Treppe" ("Grill Point", 2002)
* "Lichter" ("Distant Lights", 2003)
* "Die Kinder sind tot" ("The Children Are Dead", a documentary about a 1999 murder-by-neglect in Frankfurt, 2004)
* "No Exit" (2004, documentary about Neo-Nazis)
* "Kombat Sechzehn" ("Combat Sixteen", 2005)

aller

File:FrankfurtOderRathaus.JPG|The Gothic town hall
File:EUV-FFO.JPG|Viadrina European University, with the tower of the Marienkirche
File:FFOArchive.JPG|The town archives and the C.P.E. Bach Concert Hall
File:Oderturm.JPG|The Oderturm, tallest building in Frankfurt
File:FrankfurtOderPost.JPG|The neo-Gothic post office
File:FriedenskircheFFO.JPG|The Friedenskirche
File:Oderbruecke.JPG|The Oder bridge joining Frankfurt with Słubice
File:FrankfurtOderRiverView.JPG|View of northern Frankfurt riverfront
File:FrankfurtOderStation.JPG|Main railway station
File:GrosseScharrnstrasseFFO.JPG|Große Scharrnstraße, rebuilt in the late 1980s
File:Frankfurt_Oder_oben.jpg|View from the Oderturm
File:PaulinenhofFFO.jpg|The Paulinenhof settlement, built in the 1920s for railway employees


References


ibliograph
*
*

xternal link
*The has a website (available in English translation as well as in German and in Polish) with some limited commerce and cultural information.

* - official site of Frankfurt"s border town Słubice
* & - a student project
*






Category:Members of the
Category:Divided cities
Category:1253 establishments
Category:Settlements established in the 13th century
Category:Germany–Poland border crossings

af:Frankfurt (Oder)
br:Frankfurt (Oder)
bg:Франкфурт на Одер
cs:Frankfurt nad Odrou
cy:Frankfurt an der Oder
da:Frankfurt (Oder)
de:Frankfurt (Oder)
dsb:Frankobrod-Odra
et:Frankfurt Oderi ääres
es:Fráncfort del Óder
eo:Frankfurto ĉe Odro
fa:فرانکفورت (اودر)
fr:Francfort-sur-l"Oder
hsb:Frankobrod nad Wódru
hr:Frankfurt na Odri
io:Frankfurt (Oder)
id:Frankfurt an der Oder
it:Francoforte sull"Oder
he:פרנקפורט על האודר
jv:Frankfurt an der Oder
ka:ოდერის ფრანკფურტი
lt:Frankfurtas prie Oderio
hu:Frankfurt (Oder)
nl:Frankfurt an der Oder
ja:フランクフルト・アン・デア・オーダー
no:Frankfurt an der Oder
nn:Frankfurt an der Oder
nds:Frankfort an de Oder
pl:Frankfurt nad Odrą
pt:Frankfurt an der Oder
ro:Frankfurt pe Odra
ru:Франкфурт-на-Одере
simple:Frankfurt an der Oder
sl:Frankfurt na Odri
sr:Франкфурт на Одри
fi:Frankfurt (Oder)
sv:Frankfurt an der Oder
uk:Франкфурт-на-Одері
vi:Frankfurt (Oder)
vo:Frankfurt len Oder
yi:פראנקפורט אן דער אדער
zh:奥得河畔法兰克福
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.11.2018 07:37 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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