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Belgium, Etterbeek
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"Etterbeek" is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. It neighbours the municipalities of the City of Brussels, Ixelles, Auderghem, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert and Schaerbeek.

The main campus of the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel is called "Campus Etterbeek", although it is technically part of Ixelles, along with the adjacent "de la Plaine" campus of the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles.

* Dutch:
* French:

rigins and etymolog
According to legend, Gertrude, daughter of Pippin of Landen, founded a chapel here in the 8th century. A document by Otto I, dated 966, mentions the church of "Iatrebache". The name "Ietrebecca" – possibly from the Celtic root "ett" meaning “rapid movement” and the Dutch word "beek" meaning “stream” – is found for the first time in a document dated 1127. The current spelling appears eleven years later in 1138, around which time a newer and larger church was built.

Etterbeek town hall
iddle Age
In the Middle Ages, Etterbeek was a rural hamlet mostly independent of Brussels, if we don’t count the taxation rights on beer given to Brussels around 1300 by John II, Duke of Brabant. The following two centuries counted several grievous moments: in 1489, Albert, Duke of Saxe ravaged Etterbeek in his pursuit of the rebels who fought against Maximilian of Austria; in 1580, the village is destroyed once more, this time by the iconoclasts during the Protestant Reformation wars. Peace came back under the reigns of Archdukes Albert and Isabella.

Mayor Vincent de Wolf in 2007
arony and municipalit
In 1673, Etterbeek gained its independence from neighbouring Sint-Genesius-Rode, when Charles II of Spain promoted it into a barony. The first baron was Don Diego-Henriquez de Castro, general treasurer of the Netherlands armies. The Castro house was sold in 1767 and can still be seen today as Etterbeek’s oldest building.

Under the French regime, Etterbeek was made into a commune, within the canton of Sint-Stevens-Woluwe. From then on, and especially after the Belgian Revolution of 1830 and the development of Brussels as a capital city, the population of Etterbeek grew quickly. In 1876, there were more than 10,000 inhabitants, in 1900 more than 20,000, and in 1910 more than 33,000. In the first decade of the 20th century, under the reign of Leopold II, construction boomed and changed the town’s character with the addition of the broad avenues and residential areas that we know today.

Art Nouveau "Cauchie" house, with sgraffiti|230px

laces of interes
*Two catholic churches are located in Etterbeek ("Saint-Antoine" or "Sint-Antonius" church and "Notre-Dame-du-Sacré-Coeur"). A third one ("Sainte-Gertrude" or "Sint-Gertrude" church) was destroyed in the nineties as it threatened to collapse.
*The "Fondation René Carcan", a foundation and museum in René Carcan’s old studio, is located in Etterbeek.
*The "Cauchie" house was built in 1905 by Art Nouveau architect, painter and designer Paul Cauchie. Its façade is remarkable for its allegorical sgraffiti.
*Of a completely different character, the "Barony" dates from 1680 and is the oldest building in town.
*Etterbeek has a few green areas, including the Jean-Felix Hap garden. The better known Cinquantenaire and Park Leopold are bordering the municipality’s territory.

amous inhabitant
The following people were born in Etterbeek:
*Constantin Meunier, painter and sculptor (1831-1905)
*Arthur Maurice Hocart, anthropologist (1883-1939)
*Georges Rémi a.k.a. Hergé, comics writer and artist, creator of "Tintin and Snowy" (1907-1983)
*Jean Brachet, biochemist (1909-1998)
*Monique De Wael a.k.a. Misha Defonseca (1937) writer of "Misha: A Mémoire of the Holocaust Years"
*André Franquin, cartoonist, creator of "Gaston" and the "Marsupilami" (1924-1997)
*Giani Esposito (1930-1974), actor
*Alexandre de Merode, member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) (1934-2002)
*Roland Lethem, filmmaker and writer (b. 1942)
*Godelieve Quisthoudt-Rowohl, German politician (b. 1947)
*Herman Van Rompuy, politician (b. 1947) and 1st permanent President of the European Council
*Charles Picqué, politician, freemason, and mayor of Saint-Gilles (b. 1948)
*Philippe Francq, comic book artist (b. 1961)
*Georges Grün, football defender (b. 1962)
*Lara Fabian, international singer (b. 1970)
*Richard Makela a.k.a. Monsieur R, rap artist (b. 1975)
*Jérôme d"Ambrosio, racing driver (b. 1985)
*Marouane Fellaini, football player (b. 1987)

The following people lived part of their life in Etterbeek:
*Adrien de Gerlache, officer of the Belgian Navy and leader of two Belgian Antarctic Expeditions (1866-1934)
*Jean Absil, composer and organist (1893-1974)
*Edgar Pierre Jacobs, comic book artist, creator of "Blake and Mortimer" (1904-1987)
*René Carcan, engraver and sculptor (1925-1993)
*Jean-Baptiste Baronian, Belgian-Armenian writer (b. 1942)
*W.F. Hermans, Dutch writer (1921-1995)

A typical Etterbeek street - "Rue des Boers/Boersstraat"

There is a rail station called "Gare d"Etterbeek" or "Etterbeek-Station" but, like the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, it is also located in Ixelles or Elsene. Presently, Etterbeek has one rail station (Mérode) and three metro stations (Mérode, Thieffry and Pétillon).

*Etterbeek hosts two football clubs (R.R.C. Etterbeek and Armenia) playing in Belgian Provincial leagues at the Guy Thys stadium, named after the famous Belgian manager in summer 2003. He led Belgium national football team to fourth place at the 1986 FIFA World Cup.
*In the summer of 1996, the municipal swimming pool burnt down. It has now been rebuilt and is again open to the public.

roposed redevelopment "Les Jardins de la Chasse"
A project is currently proposed to redevelop an area of Etterbeek near the "Avenue des Casernes". This project would result in the town hall and police station being relocated to new buildings in a central administrative centre on this site. The new site is being called the "Jardins de la Chasse" (French) or "Tuinen van de Jacht" (Dutch).

Etterbeek Medieval Market in 2007

Etterbeek hosts an annual medieval market at the end of May on the "Avenue du 2ème Régiment de Lanciers" in the south of the municipality.

win Citie
*: Fontenay-sous-Bois
*: Forte dei Marmi
*: Beauport, Quebec


External links

* , in French or in Dutch

Category:Cities and towns in Belgium
Category:Municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region

Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 15.10.2019 14:01 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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