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Iron Ore, Coal, Kaolinite and Mills

Germany, Nürnberg
Von Jürgen Herda   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  
Black Gold: Kaolinite Mountain and its history
GALLERY
The Upper Palatinate was known as the Ruhrpott of the Middle Ages (an area in Germany famous for its industrial heart similar to the Black Country in England) and was at the centre of ore, tin and silver mining trade until the middle of the 16th Century. It was a rich Principality around Amberg, Auerbach and Sulzbach-Rosenberg, where the Maxhütte provided families with work up until 2002. The town was important to the success of the region especially as the capital of New Bohemia under Charles IV and even grew in importance under his wing. He allowed his serfs in the Sulzbacher Region to mine iron ore and the more thinly populated region of the Upper Palatinate had the necessary water and forests to feed the mountain industries.
Geopark Hirschau. In the largest Kaolinite area of Germany they have been producing porcelain clay since 1833. The name comes from the Chinese clay producing region Gaoling. In Hirschau visitors can follow the history and development of the industry that once was such a large part of the region surrounding Weiden shown in 12 stages. For more information go to www.montekaolino.eu

Countless hammer mills sprung up until in the 14th Century when the first ones were forced to close. The illegal logging of the forests made wood for burning scarce, and the natural oak and beech trees were replaced with faster growing pine forests. In 1525 the farmers even fought and lost a brief war to lift the ban on further deforestation.

In West Bohemia there was also successful mining of precious metals. Silver was especially sought after, and the town of Stříbro owes its name and fortune to this particular metal. But in the 16th Century new techniques and new sources of raw materials coupled with raids by the Hussites and the 30 Years’ War put an end to this glowing age.
Sulzbach is proud of its history in the ore industry.





This Article is part of the tour "The Golden Road"
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