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Ercolano

Italy, Ercolano
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"Ercolano" is a town and "comune" in the province of Naples, Campania (southern Italy). It lies at the western foot of Mount Vesuvius, on the Bay of Naples, just southeast of the city of Naples. The medieval town of Resina was built on the volcanic material left by the eruption of Vesuvius (AD 79) that destroyed the ancient city of Herculaneum, from which the present name is derived. Ercolano is a resort and the starting point for excursions to the excavations of Herculaneum and for the ascent of Vesuvius by bus. The town also manufactures leather goods, buttons, glass, and the wine known as Lacrima Christi (Tears of Christ).
istor

"For the ancient city, see Herculaneum".

Ercolano was most likely founded by the Oscans, an Italic tribe of the 8th century BC, and later became part of both the Etruscan and Samnite dominions. Under the control of the Romans, the city was a renowned seaside resort where some of the richest Roman citizens passed their summer vacations. After the AD 79 eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, the was completely buried under volcanic material. Unlike neighboring Pompeii, the citizens of Herculaneum died of thermal shock from the extremely hot pyroclastic surges, rather than buried under heavy ash.

Records of rehabitation in the area begin to appear around the year 1000, when the sanctuary called "Castel di Resina", one of the most visited in the Campania region, was recorded to have been located on a hill in that area. It is named after the Greek god Herakles.The area was largely repopulated over the next 500 years, creating the small town of "Resina", named after the old sanctuary, with homes and neighborhoods being built above the uncovered ancient ruins of Herculaneum. In 1709, the ancient Roman city was rediscovered and explored. Since then, Herculaneum has been partially excavated. Over time, the town of Resina became part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, up until the unification of Italy of 1861, and eventually became part of the metropolitan area of the city of Naples.

In 1969, the town changed its name from Resina to Ercolano, the Italian modernization of the ancient name in honour of the ancient city.

ransportatio
Ercolano is connected to Naples through the Circumvesuviana regional railway, by bus and by "sea metro" service. It has also a station on the Trenitalia main railroad.



Category:Cities and towns in Campania

ar:إركولانو
bn:এরকোলানো
br:Ercolano
ca:Ercolano
cs:Ercolano
de:Ercolano
es:Ercolano
eo:Ercolano
fr:Ercolano
id:Ercolano
it:Ercolano
he:ארקולנו
la:Herculaneum
hu:Ercolano
ja:エルコラーノ
nap:Ercolano
no:Ercolano
nn:Ercolano
pl:Ercolano
pt:Ercolano
ru:Эрколано
scn:Erculanu
sv:Ercolano
roa-tara:Ercolano
uk:Ерколано
vo:Ercolano
zh:埃爾科拉諾
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 09:51 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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