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Elista

Russia, Elista
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"Elista" (; Kalmyk: Элст, "Elst") is the capital of the Republic of Kalmykia, a federal subject of the Russian Federation. The population is 104,254 (2002 Census).

istor
A representation of the Buddha

Elista was founded in 1865 as a small settlement. In November 1920, Elista became the administrative center of Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast. By the early 1930s, Elista was transformed into a small city as the collectivization policies of Joseph Stalin forced many Kalmyks to abandon their traditional pastoral nomadic lifestyle in exchange for a modern, sedentary, and urban lifestyle. In October 1935, Elista was recognized as the capital of the Kalmyk ASSR.

On December 27, 1943, the Kalmyk ASSR was dissolved and its ethnic Kalmyk residents were forcibly exiled to Siberia. Russian people were brought in to repopulate Elista whose name was changed to "Stepnoy" (). It was called Stepnoy until 1957, when the survivors of the deportations were allowed to return from exile.

Some western tourists started to visit Elista from the mid 1990s, and more after it received publicity as the host city of the 1998 Chess Olympiad. The city is safe and has little traffic. One visitor complained that there was no McDonalds restaurant in Elista, Kalder. Lost Cosmonaut, p75. although others have seen this as part of its semi-rural charm. On the outskirts of Elista, there are vast grasslands inhabited by many wild (and domestic) camels.

eature
A Kalmyk lady praying in front of the statue before entering the temple

Since 1991, the town has been characterized by the slow decay of Soviet-built institutions, and the large construction projects instigated by the republic"s millionaire president Kirsan Ilyumzhinov.

The town center has a number of renovated public parks focused on the main square, boasting statues to both Lenin and the Buddha. To the east of the town lies the Olympic village of the 1998 XXXIII Chess Olympiad, known locally as "City-Chess". The site has a public swimming pool and an excellent museum of Kalmyk Buddhist art, and is also infrequently used as a conference center.

During his visit in 1998, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama chose a location west of the town center to build a new Buddhist temple for city residents. It was opened in December 2005.

ransportatio
Elista has a small regional airport which is open daily during the week, providing flights to Moscow and various cities in the southern part of the Russian Federation. The airport was closed by the federal aviation authorities sometime in the fall of 2006, but was reopened sometime in 2007. The flight between Elista and Moscow takes around 2 hours. On days the airport is closed, travelers can use the airports in Rostov-na-Donu or Volgograd; getting to either city takes around 3 hours by taxi or 5 – 6 hours by bus.

Rail connections are available to Rostov-na-Donu and Stavropol.

Due to the high cost of air travel, people usually prefer to take the bus between Elista and Moscow. The trip is approximately 18 hours and makes several rest stops along the route.

Within Elista itself, a network of about a dozen marshrutka (minibus) routes is run by private companies. Each journey costs 8 roubles.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Elista is twinned with the following sister cities.
* Howell, US
* Lhasa, Tibet, China.

ee als
*Geden Sheddup Choikorling Monastery
*Burkhan Bakshin Altan Sume

hoto galler

Image:Geden Sheddup Choikorling.jpg|Geden Sheddup Choikorling Monastery
Image:Golden Temple Elista.jpg|The Golden Temple
Image:Monument to Kalmyk deportations.JPG|Monument to victims of the December 1943 deportation, by Ernst Neizvestny
File:City Chess Elista Kalmykia.jpg|Elista"s Chess City


xternal link

*
*http://www.elista.org
*http://www.bumbinorn.ru
*http://www.freekalmykia.org
*
*

eference





Category:Kalmykia

ar:إيليستا
be:Горад Эліста
br:Elista
bg:Елиста
bxr:Элһэтэ
ca:Elistà
cs:Elista
cy:Elista
de:Elista
et:Elista
es:Elistá
eo:Elista
fa:الیستا
fr:Elista (Russie)
xal:Элст
ko:옐리스타
hr:Elista
io:Elista
id:Elista
os:Элиста
it:Ėlista
he:אליסטה
kv:Элиста
lv:Elista
lt:Elista
ms:Elista
nl:Elista
ja:エリスタ
no:Elista
nn:Elista
pl:Elista
pt:Elista
ro:Elista
ru:Элиста
sk:Elista
fi:Elista
sv:Elista
tr:Elista
war:Elista
zh:埃利斯塔
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.06.2018 04:01 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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