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Ireland, Dundalk
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"Dundalk" () is the county town of County Louth, Ireland. It sits where the Castletown River flows into Dundalk Bay. The town is close to the border with Northern Ireland and equi-distant from Dublin and Belfast.

The town"s name, which was historically written as "Dundalgan", has associations with the mythical warrior Cú Chulainn. The town"s crest reads "Mé do rug Cú Chulainn Cróga", meaning "I gave birth to brave Cú Chulainn".

It was granted its charter in 1189. Within legally defined boundaries it is the largest town in Ireland. In 2003, Dundalk was amongst nine cities and towns to be designated Gateway status in the Irish Government"s National Spatial Strategy.

Dundalk is twinned with the town of Reze in France.

Around 3500 BC, the Neolithic people came to Ireland. One of the lasting features they left behind is the Proleek Dolmen at Ballymascanlon, on the northern side of Dundalk.

Celtic culture arrived in Ireland around 500 BC, having colonised most of Europe. The group that settled in North Louth were known as the Conaille Muirtheimhne and took their name from Conaill Carnagh, legendary chief of the Red Branch Knights of Ulster. Their land now forms upper and lower Dundalk. The poets in Celtic society were known as the " and were responsible for mythological tales and legends, the most famous being the tales of the Red Branch Knights, the Táin Bó Cuailgne and Cúchulainn.

Dundalk had been originally developed as an unwalled " (meaning village; translates literally as "Street Townland"). The streets passed along a gravel ridge which runs from the present day Bridge Street in the North, through Church Street to Clanbrassil Street to Earl Street, and finally to Dublin Street.

In 1169, the Normans arrived in Ireland and set about conquering large areas. By 1185 a Norman nobleman named Bertram de Verdun erected a manor house at Castletown Mount and subsequently obtained the town"s charter in 1189. Another Norman family, the De Courcys, led by John de Courcy, settled in the Seatown area of Dundalk, the "Nova Villa de Dundalke". Both families assisted in the fortification of the town, building walls and other fortification in the style of a Norman fortress. The town of Dundalk was developed as it lay close to an easy bridging point over the Castletown River and as a frontier town on the northern extremities of the Pale. In 1236 Bertram’s granddaughter, Rohesia commissioned Castle Roche to fortify the region, and to offer protection from the Irish territory of Ulster.


In the 17th century, Lord Limerick (later James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Clanbrassil) created the modern town we know today. He was responsible for the construction of streets leading to the town centre; his ideas came from many visits to Europe. In addition to the demolition of the old walls and castles, he had new roads laid out eastwards of the principal streets. The most important of these new roads connected a newly laid down Market Square, which still survives, with a linen and cambric factory at its eastern end, adjacent to what was once an army cavalry and artillery barracks (now Aiken Military Barracks).

In the 19th century, the town grew in importance and many industries were set up in the local area. This development was helped considerably by the opening of railways, the expansion of the docks area or "Quay" and the setting up of a board of commissioners to run the town.

The town"s first rail links were to Dublin in 1849 and Belfast in 1850, placing the town on the main line between these two cities. Further railway links opened to Derry by 1859 and Greenore in 1873.

The partition of Ireland in May 1921 turned Dundalk into a border town and the Dublin–Belfast main line into an international railway. The Irish Free State opened customs and immigration facilities at Dundalk to check goods and passengers crossing the border by train. The Irish Civil War of 1922-23 saw a number of confrontations in Dundalk. The local Fourth Northern Division of the Irish Republican Army under Frank Aiken tried to stay neutral but 300 of them were arrested by the new Irish Army in August 1922. However, a raid on the barrack freed Aiken and two weeks later he took Dundalk barracks and captured its garrison before freeing the remaining republican prisoners there. Aiken did not try to hold the town, however, and before withdrawing he called for a truce in a meeting in the centre of Dundalk.

In the 20th century, Dundalk"s secondary railway links were closed: first the line to Greenore in 1951 and then that to Derry in 1957. In 1966 Dundalk railway station was renamed Clarke. Dundalk continued as a market town, a regional centre, a centre of administration and a manufacturing centre during the first fifty years of Irish Independence. During the Northern Troubles period, it became a key security centre. The introduction of competition after Ireland"s joining the Common Market revealed that local manufacturing enterprises were unable to deal with foreign competition, and Dundalk lost much employment. The town had the highest unemployment rate in Ireland"s richest province, Leinster. This created social problems, and an environment where many adopted extreme political stances, often in tandem with developments in the nationalist community of nearby Northern Ireland. It was in this period that Dundalk earned the nickname "El Paso", after the American border town of the same name in Texas on the Mexican border.

The emergence of the Celtic Tiger investment boom resulted in rapid economic development in Dundalk since 2000. Harp Lager, a beer produced by Diageo, is brewed in the Great Northern Brewery, Dundalk. Today many international companies have factories in Dundalk, from food processing to high-tech computer components.

Dundalk Institute of Technology (often abbreviated to DkIT) is the primary higher education provider in the North East of the country. It was established in 1970 as the Regional Technical College, offering primarily technician and apprenticeship courses. It has since evolved to become one of the major third level institutions, providing wide ranging full-time and part-time under-graduate and post-graduate courses.

The Cross Border Orchestra of Ireland (CBOI) is one of Ireland"s primary youth orchestras. It is based in the Dundalk Institute of Technology and maintains a membership of 160 young musicians between the ages of 12 and 24 years. The CBOI was established in 1995 shortly after the implementation of the Peace Process and is recognised internationally and one of Ireland"s flagship peace initiatives. The CBOI tours regularly to Europe and America and has sold out such prestigious venues as Carnegie Hall, New York and Chicago Symphony Hall.

econdary school
*Dundalk Grammar School
*De la Salle College
*St. Mary"s College
*O"Fiaich College
*Coláiste Rís
*St. Vincent"s Secondary School
*St. Louis Secondary School
*Bush, Cooley

rimary school
Irish language
*Gaelscoil Dhún Dealgan,Gaelscoil Dhún Dealgan

English language
*S.N Muire na nGael (also known as Bay Estate N.S)
*St. Fursey"s National School
*St. Nicholas" National School
*St. Joseph"s NS
*St. Oliver Plunkett"s NS
*C.B.S. Primary School
*St. Malachy"s National School (also known as the Friary)
*De la Salle School
*Dún Dealgan Primary School
*Faughart N.S
*Castletown Girls School
*Scoil Eoin Baiste
*Realt na Mara Primary School

Dundalk Infrastructure Hub & Gateway access
Dundalk railway station

Ongoing infrastructure evolutions continue in and around Dundalk to meet a programme deadline of 2020. These improvements embrace the road, rail and telecommunication infrastructures for—according to the National Development Plan—a better integration with the neighbouring Dublin, Midlands Gateway, and Cavan/Monaghan Hubs.

Dundalk has a long and proud history of sport with Dundalk F.C. and Dundalk R.F.C.

In recent years Dundalk has seen the development of new sporting facilities including the JJB Soccer Dome and the Dundalk Ice Dome where local ice hockey team the Dundalk Bulls play. The Ice Dome hosted the IIHF World Championship of Division III in April 2007.

Dundalk also has a long horseracing tradition. August 2007 saw Ireland"s first all-weather horseracing track open up on the site of the old Dundalk racecourse. The course held Ireland"s first ever meeting under floodlights on September 27 2007. Greyhound racing also takes place at Dundalk Stadium.

Dundalk also held its first ever National Fencing tournament in April 2007

Dundalk also has a basketball team The Dundalk Ravens

Dundalk Cricket Club has recently been founded and are hoping to start playing matches in 2010. .

*Bagatelle Irish Rock Band, Scribed songs like "Summer in Dublin", Shared the stage with artists like Bob Marley, Phil Coulter etc
*Brendan O"Dowda (1925-2002), Irish tenor who popularised the songs of Percy French.
*Cathy Maguire, singer-songwriter. Currently lives in the United States.
*Dermot Ahern, local solicitor and Fianna Fáil party politician. Currently Irelands" Minister for Justice.
*Dorothy Macardle (1889-1960), revolutionary, author and playwright.
*Francis Leopold McClintock, arctic explorer, discoverer of the fate of Franklin
*Gerry Maguire,singer/songwriter,artist,planner,former trade union activist,creative consultant.
*John Moore, film director, producer, and writer.
*John Phillip Holland, Inventor of the submarine, worked as a teacher in Colaiste Ris, Dundalk
*Nicholas Callan, scientist who made the first induction coil went to primary school here.
* , President of Irish Professional Photographers Association ().
*Patrick McDonnell, actor in Naked Camera and Father Ted.
*Peter Rice (1935-1992). Noted engineer, worked on the Sydney Opera House, Louvre Pyramid and Centre Pompidou as well as numerous other world famous buildings.
*Rob Kearney Rugby player, current player for both Leinster and Ireland
*Steve Staunton, former football player and former Republic of Ireland national football team manager.
*The Corrs, Celtic folk rock group and family, born and raised in Dundalk.
*Thomas Coulter, (1793-1843) botanist and doctor.
*Tom Sharkey, (1873 -1953) Heavyweight boxer
*Tommy Byrne, Former Formula 1 racing driver.
*Tommy Traynor, (1933-2006) former footballer, Republic of Ireland national football team and Southampton FC left-back.
*The Flaws Indie Rock Band
* Henry McShane, Emmigrated to the United States founded the McShane Bell Foundry and named the rail depot and subsequently the town Dundalk, Maryland after his home town in the 19th Century

ister Town
Dundalk,ON,CA (Southgate,ON,CA)

Dundalk, Maryland USA

Twin Rezé, France.

ee als
*List of abbeys and priories in County Louth
*List of towns and villages in Ireland
*Dundalk (Parliament of Ireland constituency), which existed until the Act of Union in 1800
*Dundalk (UK Parliament constituency), which existed 1801-1885

Image:Dundalk - Clanbrassil street.jpg|Dundalks main thoroughfare-Clanbrassil Street


xternal link

Category:County towns in the Republic of Ireland
Category:Port cities and towns in the Republic of Ireland

br:Dún Dealgan
ga:Dún Dealgan
gv:Doon Jialgan
gl:Dundalk - Dún Dealgan
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.10.2019 11:43 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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