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Detmold

Germany, Detmold
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"Detmold" () is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 74,000. It was the capital of the small Principality of Lippe from 1468 until 1918 and then of the Free State of Lippe until 1947. Today it is the administrative center of the district of Lippe and of Regierungsbezirk Detmold.

istor
iddle Age
Detmold was first mentioned in 783 as Theotmalli, and in 1005 a "Tietmelli" or "Theotmalli" region ("Gau") is referred to in documents. In 1263, Bernard III of Lippe fortified the settlement at the crossing of the trade route from Paderborn to Lemgo over the Werre River with stone walls and granted it a municipal charter. Its population was reported in 1305 as 305. Market rights granted in 1265 led to rapid economic development. Its defenses were greatly strengthened after severe damage had been inflicted on the town during the conflict with Soest in 1447. A major fire in 1547 destroyed more than 70 houses.

Engraving of a view of the town of Detmold by Matthäus Merian, 1647

In 1550, Detmold became the permanent residence of Count Simon III of Lippe. The counts were elevated to princes in 1789, and Detmold remained the capital of the small Principality of Lippe until the end of the First World War in 1918, when all princely states in Germany were abolished.

odern er
Street lighting was introduced in 1809, with oil-fired lanterns. By 1835, the town had become the most populous in Lippe, with over 4,000 residents. It grew to 12,000 in 1900 and over 30,000 in 1950.

From 1919 to 1947, Detmold was the capital of the Free State of Lippe. When Lippe was incorporated into the new German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the town became the seat of the Lippe district, and since 1972 it is the seat of the county administration of Lippe. With the administrative reform of 1970, 25 nearby villages were incorporated into the city.

ain sight
* Hochschule für Musik Detmold (Music Academy of Detmold)
* Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe (Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences)
* Westfälisches Freilichtmuseum Detmold (Westfalian Open Air Museum)
* Lippisches Landesmuseum (Museum)
* Landestheater Detmold (Theater)
* Hermannsdenkmal (Arminius Monument)
* Adlerwarte Berlebeck (Falconry)
* Fürstliches Residenzschloß, a Renaissance castle in the center of the town park.
* Donoper Teich (pond)
* Hasselbachteich (pond)
* Vogelpark Heiligenkirchen (bird sanctuary)

nternational relation

win towns — sister citie
Detmold is twinned with:
* Hasselt, Belgium
* Saint-Omer, France
* Savonlinna, Finland
* Zeitz, Germany
* Kalithea Thessalonikis, Greece
Market and town hall.

xternal link
* http://www.stadtdetmold.de/2586.0.html?&no_cache=1&L=2


*




Category:Towns in North Rhine-Westphalia

cs:Detmold
da:Detmold
de:Detmold
et:Detmold
es:Detmold
eo:Detmold
fr:Detmold
ko:데트몰트
it:Detmold
kk:Детмольд
la:Detmolda
lt:Detmoldas
nl:Detmold
ja:デトモルト
no:Detmold
nn:Detmold
pl:Detmold
pt:Detmold
ro:Detmold
ru:Детмольд
simple:Detmold
fi:Detmold
sv:Detmold
vo:Detmold
zh:代特莫尔德
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.06.2018 04:00 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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