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Derinkuyu

Turkey, Derinkuyu
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"Derinkuyu" is a town and district of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 24,631 of which 11,092 live in the town of Derinkuyu. The district covers an area of , and the average elevation is , with the highest point being Mt. Ertaş at .

Located in Cappadocia, Derinkuyu is notable for its large multi-level underground city (Derinkuyu Underground City), which is a major tourist attraction. The historical region of Cappadocia, where Derinkuyu is situated, contains several historical underground cities, carved out of a unique geological formation, and were largely used by early Christians as hiding places. They are not generally occupied. Over 200 underground cities at least two levels deep have been discovered in the area between Kayseri and Nevşehir, with around 40 of those having at least three levels. The troglodyte cities at Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı are two of the best examples of underground dwellings.

istor
A church in Derinkuyu
The oldest written source about underground cities is the writings of Xenophon. In his Anabasis he writes that the people living in Anatolia had excavated their houses underground, living well in accommodations large enough for the family, domestic animals, and supplies of stored food.Xen. "An." 4.5.24-7.

Derinkuyu Underground City provided a refuge for the region"s inhabitants such as Christians through the ages, for early Christians as well as possibly earlier dwellers, to Greeks hiding from the raids of the Umayyad Arab and Abbasid armies. The cities contained food stores, kitchens, stalls, churches, wine and oil presses, ventilation shafts, wells and a religious school. The Derinkuyu underground city has at least eight levels and depth of 85 m and could have sheltered thousands of persons.

ee als
* Avanos
* Churches of Göreme, Turkey
* Eskigümüş Monastery
* Ihlara Valley
* Mokissos
* Özkonak Underground City
* Zelve Monastery

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Category:Nevşehir
Category:Towns in Turkey
Category:Cappadocia
Category:Cities, towns and villages in Nevşehir Province

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 10.08.2022 18:18 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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