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Den Helder

Netherlands, Den Helder
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"Den Helder" () is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Den Helder occupies the northernmost point of the North Holland peninsula. It is home to the country"s main naval base.

The Royal TESO ferryboat service operates the transportation link between Den Helder and the nearby Dutch Wadden island of Texel to the north.

opulation centre

The municipality of Den Helder consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Den Helder, Huisduinen, Julianadorp, and the hamlets Friese Buurt and De Kooy.

The major areas of Den Helder are Old Den Helder, Nieuw-Den Helder, and De Schooten. Nieuw-Den Helder was built in the 1950s, following World War II, when there was a great need for additional housing. De Schooten was constructed in the 1960s.

istor
Huisduinen was the original older part of the city, whereas Helder itself was a nearby smaller hamlet. Due to its strategic location at the tip of the North Holland peninsula, multiple fortifications were built in the area. The area likely began being called "Helledore" ("Hell"s Door" or "Hell"s Gate", later on Den Helsdeur) because of the "hellish" fortifications that prevented enemy ships from sailing into the Zuyderzee. The name Helder may also have come from "Helle/Helde", which means hill or hilly grounds, or from "Helre," which means a sandy ridge.

Den Helder has played an important part in Dutch shipping. During the Dutch Golden Age, ships would be assembled near Den Helder and sail from there the world"s oceans. During the 1820s, the North Holland Canal was dug from Amsterdam to Den Helder. The lighthouse "Lange Jaap" was built in 1877 and is the tallest cast-iron lighthouse in Europe, at .

aval bas
Den Helder was the site of a naval base as early as the 18th century. An Anglo-Russian invasion force landed at Den Helder in August 1799 and captured the Batavian navy there (see Battle of Castricum). French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, visiting Den Helder in 1811, was impressed with the town"s strategic location and ordered the construction of a fort (Kijkduin) and naval dockyards (Willemsoord). The docks were built during the years 1813-1827. In 1947, it officially became the Royal Netherlands Navy"s main centre of operations. Den Helder continues to be the navy"s main base today. The Royal Netherlands Naval College is also located in the city, as is the Dutch Navy Museum.

The old naval dockyards of Willemsoord, located in the north of the city, now house restaurants, a cinema, and other recreational facilities. The naval docks and administration have been moved to a new location further east.



eography and climat
Den Helder is located on the tip of a lowland peninsula jutting out into the North Sea Because of this, Den Helder"s climate is heavily moderated by the maritime environment.

Den Helder is also the sunniest city in the Netherlands.



ransportatio

The town is served by two stations

*Den Helder
*Den Helder Zuid (South Den Helder)

ocal governmen

The municipal council of Den Helder consists of 31 seats, which are divided as follows:

* PvdA - 8 seats
* VVD - 6 seats
* CDA - 4 seats
* Progressief Den Helder - 2 seats
* Stadspartij Den Helder - 2 seats
* ChristenUnie - 2 seats
* D66 - 2 seats
* SP -2 seats
* GroenLinks - 1 seats
* Lijst Prins - 1 seat
* KiesKees - 1 seat

otable people born in Den Helde
* Dorus Rijkers (1847), Lifeboat captain and folk hero
* Edward W. Bok (1863), Dutch-American editor, Pulitzer Prize winner
* Anton Pieck (1895), painter and graphic artist
* Gré Brouwenstijn (1915), opera singer
* Frans van Anraat (1942), businessman, sold raw materials for the production of chemical weapons to Saddam Hussein
* Gerardus "t Hooft (1946), physicist, 1999 Nobel Prize winner
* Ed Nijpels (1950), former minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (1986-1989) and former mayor of Breda
* Swen Nater (1950), basketball player
* Paul Rosenmöller (1956), politician and journalist, former leader of the Groenlinks party
* Hans Smits (1956), water polo player
* Martine Ohr (1964), field hockey striker
* Rijkman Groenink (1949), banker, CEO of ABN-Amro
* Edith Bosch (1980), Judo world champion and Olympic silver and bronze medalist
* Menno de Jong (1984), trance DJ

ilm shot in Den Helde
* 2008: Den Helder, directed by Jorien Van Nes, (entirely shot on location).

eference

* Statistics are taken from the






Category:Cities, towns and villages in North Holland
Category:Municipalities of North Holland
Category:Cities in the Netherlands
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 28.06.2022 11:28 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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