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Netherlands, Delft
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"Delft" () is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland (Zuid-Holland), the Netherlands. It is located in between Rotterdam and The Hague.
Delft is primarily known for its typically Dutch town centre (with canals); also for the painter Vermeer, Delft Blue pottery (Delftware), the Delft University of Technology, and its association with the Dutch royal family, the House of Orange-Nassau.

istor
Delft in 1652 (Blaeu)
The city dates from the 13th century. It received its charter in 1246.
For its development from a rural village in the early Middle Ages to a city in the 13th century see the article "Gracht", section "Delft as an example".

The association of the House of Orange with Delft began when William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), nicknamed William the Silent (Willem de Zwijger), took up residence in 1572. William was the leader at the time in the struggle against the Spanish, the Eighty Years" War.

Delft was one of the leading cities of Holland and was equipped with the necessary city walls to serve as a headquarters. When William was shot to death in 1584 by Balthazar Gerards in the hall of the Prinsenhof, the family"s traditional burial place in Breda was in the hands of the Spanish. Therefore, he was buried in the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), starting a tradition for the House of Orange that has continued to the present day.

elft Explosio
Egbert van der PoelA View of Delft after the Explosion of 1654
"The Delft Explosion", also known in history as the Delft Thunderclap, occurred on 12 October 1654 when a gunpowder store exploded, destroying much of the city. Over a hundred people were killed and thousands wounded.

About 30 tonnes of gunpowder were stored in barrels in a magazine in a former Clarissen convent in the Doelenkwartier district. Cornelis Soetens, the keeper of the magazine, opened the store to check a sample of the powder and a huge explosion followed. Luckily, many citizens were away, visiting a market in Schiedam or a fair in The Hague. Artist Carel Fabritius was wounded in the explosion and died of his injuries. Afterward, Egbert van der Poel painted several pictures of Delft showing the devastation.

ight
Typical view of Delft (Vrouw Juttenland)
Crest to the City Hall
Nieuwe Kerk (New Church)
View of Delft by Johannes Vermeer, 1660-1661
Delft canal (Molslaan).
The city center retains many old and historical buildings, and many streets have canals in the center, inhabited by fish and plants making this beautiful small city a tourist destination.
Historical buildings include:
* Oude Kerk (Old Church). Buried here: Piet Hein, Johannes Vermeer, Anthony van Leeuwenhoek.
* Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), constructed between 1381 and 1496. It contains the Dutch royal family"s burial vault, which between funerals is sealed with a 5000 kg cover stone.
* The Prinsenhof (Princes" Court), now a museum.
* City Hall.
* The Oostpoort (Eastern gate), built around 1400. This is the only remaining gate of the old city walls.
* The Gemeenlandshuis or Huyterhuis, built in 1505, which houses the regional water authority Delfland since 1645.
* Waag (Delft)

ultur
Delft is well known for the Delft pottery ceramic products which were styled on the imported Chinese porcelain of the 17th century. The city had an early start in this area since it was a home port of the Dutch East India Company.

The painter Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675) was born in Delft. Vermeer used Delft streets and home interiors as the subject or background of his paintings.

Several other famous painters lived and worked in Delft at that time, such as Pieter de Hoogh, Carel Fabritius, Nicolaes Maes, Gerard Houckgeest and Hendrick Cornelisz. van Vliet. They all were members of the Delft School. The Delft School is known for its images of domestic life, views of households, church interiors, courtyards, squares and the streets of Delft. The painters also produced pictures showing historic events, flower paintings, portraits for patrons and the court, and decorative pieces of art.

ducatio
Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) is one of three universities of technology in the Netherlands. It was founded as an academy for civil engineering in 1842 by King William II. Today well over 16,000 students are enrolled.

The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, providing postgraduate education for people from developing countries, draws on the strong tradition in water management and hydraulic engineering of the Delft university.

ecreatio
East of Delft is the "Delftse Hout" ("Delft Wood") recreation area, with a lake (suitable for swimming and windsurfing), narrow beaches, a small nudist area (not fenced off), restaurant, community gardens, campground and other recreational and sports facilities.

ell-known person

"Natives"

Delft was the birthplace of several internationally well known persons:
Adrienne Buteijn
*Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt (1567-1641), painter
*Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), the lawyer who laid the foundations for international law
*Martin van den Hove (1605-1639), astronomer and mathematician
*Hendrick Cornelisz. van Vliet (1611 or 1612-1675), painter
*Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723), father of microbiology and developer of the microscope
*Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675), painter
*Leonaert Bramer, painter
*Stien Kaiser-former speed skater
*Michaëlla Krajicek-professional tennis player.
*Arantxa Rus - professional tennis player.
"Otherwise related"
*Jan Timman chess grandmaster, was raised in Delft.
*Ken Monkou football player
*Ferrie Bodde football player

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie

Delft is twinned with:(source: Delft municipality guide 2005)



ransportatio

*Delft railway station
*Delft Zuid railway station
Delft Markt with the old City Hall and Nieuwe Kerk.

ee als
*Delftware
*Johannes Vermeer
*William the Silent
*Dutch Golden Age
*Dutch East India Company
*Eastern Gate (Delft)
*Delft University of Technology
*World Solar Challenge
*Tanthof


eference


xternal link

*
*
*Radio Netherlands:
*National Gallery, London:
*


urther readin
* Vermeer: A View of Delft, Anthony Bailey, Henry Holt & Company, 2001, ISBN 0-8050-6718-3


*






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fa:دلفت
fr:Delft
fy:Delft
ko:델프트
id:Delft
it:Delft
he:דלפט
jv:Delft
la:Delphi (urbs Bataviae)
li:Delft
ms:Delft
nl:Delft
nds-nl:Delft
ja:デルフト
no:Delft
nn:Delft
pnb:ڈیلفٹ
pl:Delft
pt:Delft
ro:Delft
ru:Делфт
simple:Delft
sk:Delft
sr:Делфт
fi:Delft
sv:Delft
th:เดลฟท์
tr:Delft
uk:Делфт
vi:Delft
vo:Delft
zh:代尔夫特
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.09.2018 12:00 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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